National Education Policy 2010 [EN/BN]

from Government of Bangladesh
Published on 31 Dec 2010 View Original

Education: Aims and Objectives

The directives as noted in the Constitution of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh (Annex1) have been taken into consideration in the formulation of National Education Policy 2009. The UN Child Rights Convention that emphasizes the ensuring of rights of children in every member state has been a further area of consideration. The primary objectives of this policy are directed toward the cultivation of human values. It seeks to prescribe ways through which citizens can be groomed to become leaders in pro-people development programs and progress of the society. They will become rational and intellectually accomplished human beings with ethical perceptions, who have respect for their own religion as well as for others' faiths. Education will help them to grow up as non-communal, patriotic and efficient persons free from superstitions. And simultaneously, it is only education that can equip the nation to acquire the qualities and skills that will strengthen Bangladesh to work with equal capacity and pace of the global community. This education policy will work as a basis for an education system suitable for the delivery of education which will be pro-people, easily available, uniform, universal, well planned, science oriented and of high standard according to the constitutional directives and it will also work as a strategy to counter all problems. With this idea in view, the aims, objectives, goals and principles of the Education Policy will be as follows.

  1. to reflect the Constitutional guarantee at all levels of education and make learners aware of the freedom, sovereignty and integrity of Bangladesh;

  2. to stimulate the intellectual and practical qualities of the learners so that moral, human, cultural, scientific and social values are established at personal and national levels;

  3. to inspire the students with the spirit of our war of liberation and develop patriotism, nationalism and qualities of good citizens (i.e, sense of justice, non-communalism, dutifulness, awareness of human rights, cultivation of free thinking and discipline, love for honest living, the tolerance of corporate life, friendliness and perseverance);

  4. to promote the continuity of national history, tradition and culture through an intergenerational process;

  5. to foster creative and thinking faculties among the learners through a system of education that contains indigenous spirit and elements and which will lead to a life-oriented development of knowledge of the learners;

  6. to evolve an education process that is oriented to creativity, practicability and productivity to achieve advancement in the economic and social fields of the country; to create a scientific mindset of the students and to develop in them the qualities of leadership;

  7. to remove socio-economic discrimination irrespective of race, religion and creed and to eradicate gender disparity; to develop non-communalism, friendliness, global fraternity, fellow-feeling and respect for human rights;

  8. to create unhindered and equal opportunities of education for all as per learners’ talents and aptitudes, irrespective of geographical, social and economical situations to establish a society that is free from discrimination; to resist use of education as a commodity to reap profits;

  9. to show tolerance for different ideologies for the development of a democratic culture and to help develop a life-oriented, realistic and positive outlook;

  10. to ensure the marginal competencies of learners at each level so that they are discouraged from rote learning, rather use their own thoughtfulness, imagination and urge for curiosity;

  11. to ensure skills of high standard at different areas and levels of education so that learners can successfully compete at the global context;

  12. to attach substantial importance to information and communication technology (ICT) along with maths. science and English in order to build up a digital Bangladesh based on knowledge-orientation and cultivation of ICT;

  13. to put special emphasis on the extension of education; to give priority to primary and secondary education; to motivate the students to show dignity of labour; to enable students to acquire skills in vocational education to facilitate self-employment, irrespective of levels of education;

  14. to develop some uniform and basic ideas amongst all learners; to establish a sense of equal status amongst all citizens of the country to implement a uniform curriculum of certain basic subjects at the primary level schools of diverse delivery systems; to prescribe and ascertain the learning of some uniform textbooks to attain that; to initiate some method of teaching in some basic subjects at the secondary level to achieve similar objectives;

  15. to ensure a creative, favorable and joyful environment for the students at the primary and secondary levels for their proper protection and congenial development;

  16. to help students grow up with sound moral character through lessons from their respective religious teachings and moral sciences;

  17. to ensure proper quality of education at each level and to correlate the competencies learnt at the earlier level (as per the aims and objectives of education) with the next one to consolidate the formations of knowledge and skills; to promote extension of such knowledge and skills; to enable the learners to acquire these skills; to motivate the people to participate in the educational process, at the primary, secondary and vocational levels, in particular to realize the objectives of education;

  18. to build students as skilled human resources to fight the challenges of the world threatened by climate change and other natural disasters and to create in them a social awareness about environment;

  19. to ensure quality of the higher education in all disciplines and motivate students in research and to create a congenial and necessary environment of research within the country through the cultivation of knowledge and sciences;

  20. to ensure the proper context and situations in the education system at the higher level that facilitates ideal cultivation of learning;

  21. to extend the use of information and communication technology ( ICT) instrumental in educational process at every level 22. to take special measures for the development of education of the backward classes of the country including the street-children;

  22. to promote and develop the languages and cultures of the indigenous and small ethnic groups;

  23. to ensure the education of the physically and mentally challenged learners;

  24. to create a society free from the curse of illiteracy ;

  25. to initiate special measures to promote education in the areas identified as backward in education;

  26. to ensure efficient and correct teaching of Bangla language;

  27. to take necessary steps to create facilities of playground, sports, games and physical exercises in all educational institutions for the healthy growth of the physical and mental qualities of the learners;

  28. to take various steps to foster hygienic awareness of the students;

  29. to caution the students and make them aware of the dangers of taking drugs or similar items.