Bangladesh

Monsoon Floods: Bangladesh Humanitarian Coordination Task Team (HCTT) - Situation Report N. 1 (as of 28 August 2017)

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Situation Report
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This report is produced by the Humanitarian Coordination Task Team (HCTT) of Bangladesh in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It covers the period from 20 to 27 August 2017. The next report will be issued on or around 4 September 2017.

Highlights

  • Monsoon rains have caused flooding across 32 districts in the northern, north eastern and central parts of the country, affecting a total of more than eight million people.

  • An estimated total of 55,383 houses are reported to be damaged and 640,786 have been destroyed; 140 persons are known to have lost their lives due to the floods.

  • The Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief (MoDMR) informs that 335 shelters in flood-affected areas are sheltering more than 106,000 people.

  • A total of 13,035 cases of water-borne diseases linked to the extensive flooding (Acute Watery Diarrhoea, Skin Disease, Acute Respiratory Infection and Eye Infection) have been reported.

Situation Overview

Since 11 August 2017, heavy monsoon rains have caused intense flooding across more than one-third of Bangladesh, with the Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief (MoDMR) reporting that the floods are the worst in the last four decades. The Bangladesh Meteorological Department’s latest bulletin warns that further heavy rainfall is expected to continue.

As of 27 August 2017, the Government of Bangladesh reports that the floods have affected 32 districts in the northern, north eastern and central parts of the country due to the overflowing of the Brahmaputra-Jamuna river, affecting a total of more than eight million people. It is feared that the central region of the country will soon be more affected by floods as waters move north to south towards the Bay of Bengal. Nearly 100 metres of a dam in Manikganj has already been washed away, and the lower part of the capital city, Dhaka, is predicted to be flooded in the coming days.

An estimated 55,383 houses are reported to have been damaged and 640,786 are believed to have been destroyed by the floods, while 140 people are known to have died. The Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief (MoDMR) has reported that as of 27 August, 335 shelters in flood-affected areas are sheltering more than 106,000 people According to the Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS), a total of 13,035 cases of water-borne diseases have been linked to the extensive flooding, including Acute Watery Diarrhoea, Skin Diseases, Acute Respiratory Infection and Eye Infection. More than 2,000 Medical Teams have been deployed and are providing support to address these emerging communicable diseases.

Access to the most affected areas in the northwest remains a challenge as roads are either severely damaged or submerged under flood water. It is estimated that around 9,000 km of roads, 500 bridges and culverts have been damaged. Nearly 100 km of rail lines, especially in the northwest districts of Dinajpur, Rangpur, Lemonhead, Gurugram and Thurman, have been damaged severely by the flood. Eleven train services, two of which are intercity, have been suspended since 13 August. Around 714 km of embankments have also been washed away.

Land-line communication is disrupted in many of the affected areas due to damage to the underground cabling by flood water, however, the mobile communication network has been restored and is currently functioning. As flood waters start to recede, access to char (river island) areas is becoming more difficult as boat access is being restricted by low water levels.