Government and Host Community Response to the Influx of Rohingya Refugees
- The Government of Bangladesh responded quickly upon the arrival of the 687,000 Rohingya refugees from Myanmar since August 2017, including allocating 5,800 acres of land.
- The host communities of Cox’s Bazar, and the District administration have made a significant and ongoing contribution to the life saving response for refugees under leadership of the National Government and with UN support.
- The international community recognizes the need to support affected host communities in coping with the impact of the influx and is working together with the Government of Bangladesh and local and national NGOs to try to help facilitate this support in Ukhia and Teknaf and to district level institutions.
Impact of the Influx on Host Communities
- The dramatic increase in population has strained resources, infrastructure, public services and the local economy. The most affected areas have been the Unions in Ukhia and Teknaf Upazilas, but impacts are being felt throughout the district.
- Increased pressures include rising food, firewood and transport prices, pressure on water, basic services and the environment and competition for jobs.
- Even before the influx, one in five households had poor food consumption patterns much higher than the national average.
- On average,33% live below the poverty line and 17% below extreme poverty line.
- The current situation risks slowing – and even reversing – efforts towards achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals in Cox’s Bazar District and a higher level of economic prosperity.