The UN Secretary General and the President of the World Bank visited Cox’s Bazar, joined by the UN High Commissioner for Refugees and the Executive Director of UNFPA on 2 July. They met with Government officials, refugees and members of the humanitarian community. The delegation was visibly struck by the scale of and challenges facing the refugee population. This visit marked notable progressfor the humanitarian and development nexus in the response. The World Bank’s announcement of a USD 50 million grant to a health project—the first in a series that could total as much as USD 480 million—invited innovative financing and coordination.
The Government of Bangladesh and UNHCR launched a joint verification exercise at the end of June, to consolidate a unified database for identity management, documentation, provision of protection and assistance, population statistics and ultimately solutions. The exercise will enhance the accuracy of data on Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh, helping the Government and aid agencies better understand needs, plan assistance and avoid service duplication.
During the reporting period, in a critical step towards ensuring Protection against Sexual Exploitation and Abuse (PSEA) by humanitarian workers, a PSEA Strategy was finalized and approved by agencies in the Rohingya refugee response. This strategy will help ensure proper accountability of humanitarian workers, and that response mechanisms are in place acrossthe response.
The monsoon continued during the reporting period with very heavy downpours and an accumulated rainfall of 184mm between 3-4 July, compared to 252mm for the entire previous week. Basic response was provided across Sectors, despite serious constraints with access. During the reporting period, damage was reported to 98 latrines and water points and one nutrition facility. In the past week, 74 learning centres were reported as damaged. Since 11th May 2018, 90% of the 1,090 shelters damaged have been repaired. All health facilities are now functional, and no major impacts on food distribution facilities were reported.
Mobile teams remain on standby to deploy emergency capacity related to road access, medical, protection, and nutrition needs.
As of 1 July 2018, 34,032 refugees have been relocated into newly developed sites, including relocations for risk mitigation and infrastructure development as well as new arrivals; 26,280 of these were due to landslide and flood risks. 450 household plots are available for relocation by 14 July, which would accommodate around 2,050 individuals. Relocations into Camp 4 and 20 Extensions continue.
Anti-snake venom and influenza treatment oseltamivir have been received as part of monsoon preparedness stockpiling.
As before, safe space for temporary evacuations is urgently needed. Another topline gap is the need for more land for sustainable relocation sites; severely congested conditions in the camps have far-reaching negative consequences. Sizable funding gaps continue to limit humanitarian capacity.