Bangladesh + 1 more

ISCG Situation Report: Cox’s Bazar Influx - 1 October 2017

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Situation Report
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This report is produced by ISCG in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It covers 21 - 27 September 2017. The next report will be issued on 8 October.

Highlights

• 507,000 new arrivals are reported as of 30 September, including 453,300 new arrivals identified in IOM Needs and Population Monitoring assessments in four upazilas of Cox’s Bazar district; 35,000 in refugee camps reported by UNHCR and 18,700 reported by field staff in Naikhongchhari (Bandarbhan district).

• Over the last two days, movement across the border in Cox’s Bazar has reportedly decreased again. 37% of refugees arrived by walking and 34% by boat (IOM NPM, 09/2017). People who have arrived since 25 August continue to move to the new Kutupalong Expansion site, where they are constructing new shelters.

• The RRRC is leading on the Kutupalong Expansion project along with the Site Management Taskforce, which includes UNHCR, IOM and other key implementing agencies. 20 'blocks' have been identified by RRRC.

• Agencies continue to focus on delivering aid wherever people have settled.

• Road access continues to be a constraint for humanitarian assistance delivery, with road repairs underway. As of today 630 meters of road construction has been completed in Balukhali.

• Delays (of 5-6 days) in customs and tax exemption certificates have been reported by partners. Coordination is ongoing with MoDMR on setting up a One-Stop-Shop in order to streamline the process (Logistics cluster, 09/2017).

• Currently there are 35 partner organizations (UN agencies, I/NGOs) are working in Cox’s Bazar district. More agencies have plans for responses and are waiting for FD7 approval from NGOAB. The ISC team is liaising with the NGO Bureau Affairs to expedite up approval process. 27 agencies had taken part in the Response Plan, which will be published tomorrow.

507,000
Cumulative arrivals since 25 Aug

195,000
Arrivals in Makeshift settlement / camp

220,000
Arrivals in new spontaneous sites

92,000
Arrivals in host communities

Situation Overview

• Violence in Rakhine State which began on 25 August 2017 has driven an estimated 436,000 Rohingyas across the border into Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. The speed and scale of the influx has resulted in a critical humanitarian emergency. The people who have arrived in Bangladesh since 25 August came with very few possessions. They have used the majority of their savings on transportation and constructing a shelter, often out of no more than bamboo and thin plastic. They are now reliant on humanitarian assistance for food, and other life-saving needs. Basic services that were available prior to the influx are under severe strain due to the massive increase in people in the area. In some of the sites that have spontaneously emerged, there is no access to water and sanitation facilities, raising the risks of an outbreak of disease. The Rohingya population in Cox’s Bazar is highly vulnerable, having fled conflict and experienced severe trauma, and now living in extremely difficult conditions.

• Population movements within Cox’s Bazar remain highly fluid, with increasing concentration in Ukhia, where the Government has allocated 2,000 acres for a new camp. People have begun arriving at the new, proposed site

before infrastructure and services can be established. Crucially there is limited access to the site and no roads through this site; this is preventing the development of infrastructure including water and sanitation facilities.

• There is currently no reliable estimate of the number of people who have settled in the Kutupalong Extension Site.

• The Government has established a mechanism to receive donation from private individuals and organisations that are not registered to work in Cox’s Bazar. 12 distributions points have been established to try and curb ad hoc distributions along the roads, which have been creating serious safety and security risks.

• Due to the challenges new partners face to get authorisation to work in Cox’s Bazar, there are a limited number of NGO, including partners, with the capacity to meet vast humanitarian needs.