ISCG Bangladesh: Rohingya Situation in Cox’s Bazaar - Situation Report | 1 - 30 June 2017
On 30 May 2017, Cyclone Mora made landfall in Bangladesh’s coastal region at 6 AM. According to government sources, nearly 300,000 people were evacuated from a ected areas on the southern coast. Houses and property were extensively damaged in Cox’s Bazar. The ISCG launched initial rapid assessment in four makeshift settlements and host communities in the district.
On 5 June, the ISCG released a response plan with a require- ment of USD 6.75 million from June to October. The plan fo- cused only on the impact of Mora: looking to assist, rebuild and prepare for the rest of the monsoon and cyclone season.
By the end of June, the plan was more than 30% funded through the START and CERF, allowing for immediate support to be provided to the most vulnerable in need, and repair of critical Ramu facilities. Sectors continued to respond to the impact of Mora through June and will focus on completing repairs and ensuring preparedness in the coming month. Meanwhile, usual programming has also continued, encompassing many more activities.
All work has been hampered by steady and persistent rain throughout the month. Complete repair and rehabilitation of shelters, WASH and other service facilities are needed urgently to prevent outbreak, and mitigate any abuse or exploitation of the vulnerable population. Site planning is ongoing to ensure the efficient utilization of the limited land available for shelter, roads, drainage and other service delivery.
The security situation deteriorated in June, with several serious incidents in and around the makeshift settlements, including three murders, and several assaults. In addition, there have been challenges during distributions and access restrictions for humanitarians. Measures need to be taken, particularly in makeshift settlements, to tackle recent surge of security incidents, and to ensure access to justice for Rohingya. Safeguards in host communities are also needed.
UMNs in Makeshift Settlements
Over 100,000 people are hosted in the 3 major makeshift settlements: Kutupalong and Balukhali in Ukhia and Leda in Teknaf, and around 50,000 UMNs are residing in host communities of Ukhia and Teknaf of Cox’s Bazar district.
In June, there have been continued sporadic internal movements. Large inflows were observed from host communities and other makeshift settlements towards Balukhali and Kutupalong, as in the past two months. Increasing tension between host communities and UMNs is reported, particularly in villages near makeshift settlements that experienced influx. A significant number of new arrivals UMN households residing in host communities were reported to be collecting relief materials in makeshift settlements. In addition, an increasing number of households in makeshift settlements are reportedly splitting families across multiple locations.