Bangladesh + 1 more

IFRC Bangladesh Program Overview 2019

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BACKGROUND

Bangladesh’s geographical and socio-economic conditions make its largely rural population particularly vulnerable, especially in the face of climate change. Furthermore, the influx of more than 1 million people fleeing Rakhine State in Myanmar has prompted a significant humanitarian crisis. The Bangladesh Red Crescent Society has been working with the government for decades to help the country’s vulnerable.
Since 2017 it has used that experience to establish the Population Movement Operation, an umbrella programme of initiatives to assist the displaced people from Rakhine and the communities hosting them, with extensive support from other agencies and National Societies.
Bangladesh is a South Asian country with a tropical monsoon climate, bordered by the Himalayas to the north and the Bay of Bengal to the south. The low-lying coast forms the Ganges Delta, the world’s largest. Its geography brings the life-giving monsoons, but also exposes the country’s population of 168 million to the catastrophic ravages of cyclones, floods, tornadoes, droughts, river-bank erosion and earthquakes. Socio-economically despite significant progress, almost a quarter of the population is still living below the national poverty line, and the country was ranked 136th out of 189 in the 2017 Human Development Index.
The Bangladesh Red Crescent Society (BDRCS) has been providing essential services to help the vulnerable face disasters and crises working since 1971 as auxiliary to the government. BDRCS has been responding to the needs of people fleeing Rakhine State in Myanmar since 1978. During the 2017 influx it continued to play a key role in assisting hundreds of thousands of people displaced from Rakhine state in neighbouring Myanmar. Helping the hundreds of thousands of displaced people from Rakhine has become a major focus of the BDRCS. These efforts have their own funding targets and are coordinated under the Population Movement Operation (PMO), which also involves more than 30 partners globally. The BDRCS is supported by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) together with other partners of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (RCRC), bilaterally and multilaterally. Red Cross Red Crescent National Societies from other countries are also active in Bangladesh, mostly operating under the IFRC integration agreement in the country.