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Humanitarian response in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh - Activity Update - 9 December 2017

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What you need to know today

  • A total of 646,000 forcibly-displaced Myanmar nationals have entered Bangladesh since 25 August (Source: ISCG report, 7 December)

  • BRAC's total coverage (based on sanitation) is 498,680 people with installation of 12,467 latrines (181 today). BRAC ensures access to safe water for 320,956 people through 1,201 shallow tube wells, 24 deep tube wells, three ring wells. 2,578 bathing cubicles were set up (88 today) especially for women and adolescent girls.

  • A total of 1,793 latrines have been de-sludged (116 today) and made functional for reusing and 622 latrines have been decommissioned.

  • A total of 460 waste bins has been distributed targeting 4,695 households at Unchiprang and three dumping stations have been built to dump the waste.

  • BRAC's 10 primary health centers and 50 satellite clinics have provided 545,721 services (7,648 patients today). 27,946 sachets of micronutrient powders (64 sachets today) and 812,478 calcium tablets (1,540 today) have been distributed to improve nutrition among displaced children.

  • 66,522 cases of pneumonia (1,186 today) and 69,653 cases of diarrhoea have been treated (951 today). BRAC has tested 12,501 people for tuberculosis, and initiated treatment for the 159 cases it identified (2 today). BRAC has helped to deliver 306 babies so far and ten of them were born today.

  • 40,554 sacks of briquettes have been distributed (1,965 today) as alternative fuel source.

  • 184,923 blankets and 186,003 sets of clothes have been distributed among children and elderly people for protection against cold.

  • Some 32,350 children received recreational support through 203 child friendly spaces (CFS).

  • 9,240 children have access to 88 learning centres and 174 teachers have been assigned to guide them.

  • A total of 5,348 trees have been planted (340 today) in makeshift settlements and host community to contribute to afforestation. 34,075 households have received vegetable seeds both in the settlements and host community to boost their food security.

Key challenges

Lack of awareness and expertise on Diphtheria outbreak :

  • A decade ago Bangladesh was successful in eliminating diphtheria. However, the recent outbreak of this highly infectious bacterial disease among FDMNs also poses a threat to host communities. Physicians and health workers on the ground, are unfamiliar with the nature of this diseases in order to accurately address it. Hence, proper training is required to orient these professionals to spread awareness against Diphtheria and build capacity to combat it effectively.

Sharp escalation in disease during winter

  • The number of patients with cold related illnesses has increased five-fold in the last seven days, especially those suffering from pneumonia. In order to remain insulated, children of the FDMN collect dry straw to burn throughout the nights. However, the presence of such open fires raise the risk of fire hazards in the already over populated settlements.