Bangladesh + 14 more

Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) - Appeal No. 01.61/2002 Programme Update No. 2

Format
Appeal
Source
Posted
Originally published

Attachments


This Programme Update is intended for reporting on Annual Appeals.
Appeal Target: CHF 3,500,000

Period covered: April - June 2002; Next report expected in October

"At a Glance"

Appeal coverage: 40.8%

Related Appeals: N/A

Outstanding needs: CHF 2.2 million

Operational Developments

Within the reporting period, the Federation continued pursuing its goal of enabling the capability to respond quickly, effectively and efficiently to disasters while guaranteeing a line of credit for new emergencies.

Operationally, 12 new emergencies were supported by DREF in the second quarter of the year. Tropical storms, heavy rainfall and subsequent floods caused havoc in certain communities and support to their national societies in the form of allocations from DREF to these five minor emergencies was much needed and appreciated. Seven emergencies were pronounced major disasters and relevant appeals were launched to facilitate the adequate humanitarian assistance. In those cases, the funds from DREF facilitated a smooth start-up of operations.

A stronger campaign was launched through the Federation Information Bulletins and DREF Fact Sheet to encourage donor national societies to cover the cost of DREF allocations against minor emergencies which are often fully funded by this Fund. This effort resulted in several donors coming forward with their pledges earmarked exclusively as reimbursements to DREF including the Australian Red Cross and the British Red Cross. These pledges are now shown on the list of contributions clearly stating its purpose.

Within an ongoing process of further dissemination, a page on DREF was posted on the Federation web site under "What we do/Disaster response" or http://www.ifrc.org/what/response/dref.asp. This page includes basic information from the DREF Fact Sheet which was widely circulated to all relevant users/contributors earlier in the year. As the French and Spanish editions of the Federation web site have been recently launched, the information on DREF will be shortly available also in these two languages.

Since the launch of the DREF page, an increase in on-line donations from private donors to DREF has been noticed.

A meeting of delegates from the Federation Regional Finance Units (RFUs), held in Geneva in May, was a good opportunity to share the latest information, trends and developments as RFUs have been lately increasingly exposed to disaster response, especially as possible attachments to deployed field assessment and coordination teams (FACT).

The list of 2002 allocations for April-June period reads as follows:

Country
Emergency
Scale of disaster
Appeal coverage
Total allocated in CHF
Total reimbursed in CHF
Southern Africa Assessment mission
major
18%
50,000
50,000
Burkina Faso Meningitis
major
102%
100,000
-
Bangladesh Tropical storm
minor
-
102,346
-
Kenya Floods
major
23%
50,000
-
Costa Rica and Panama Floods
minor
-
25,000
5,000
Palestine Red Crescent Society Recovery programme
major
18%
190,000
-
Syria Dam collapse/ flooding
major
12%
200,000
-
Chile Floods
minor
-
60,000
-
Moldova Heavy rainfall and floods
minor
-
34,724
-
China Flash floods
major
12%
200,000
-
Sri Lanka Drought 2002
major
5%
200,000
-
Russian Federation Floods in the Northern Caucasus and South of Russia
minor
-
50,000
-
Total
1,262,070
55,000

The above table clearly shows that allocations to both minor emergencies as well as major disasters have been difficult to recover. A generally slow response and lack of (geo-political) donor interest in contributing to the above major disasters is partially responsible for the present situation. On the other hand, continuous dissemination of DREF rules among the users as well as further automatisation of the recovery process through DREF guidelines (expected to be issued by the end of July 2002) are a must. More aggressive and frequent reporting on certain operations might have also contributed to a better donor response and, in turn, immediate reimbursements of the allocated funds to DREF.

Initial good signs with a certain number of donors interested in reimbursing the allocations effected against minor emergencies will need an additional boost. The Federation, therefore, continuously encourages national societies to cover the cost of minor emergencies thus facilitating replenishment of the Fund and a step forward towards achieving its objective. The annexed List of Contributions distinctively mentions contributions of national societies as reimbursements of DREF allocations.

The recovery of the remaining 2001 allocations is still ongoing. Out of CHF 4.1 million allocated last year, the outstanding reimbursements presently stand at CHF 1,369,251 million. The recovery of additional CHF 200,000 is still expected.

Disaster response

SOUTHERN AFRICA - FOOD INSECURITY ASSESSMENT MISSION

Allocated: CHF 50,000

Date: 2 April 2002

Reimbursed: CHF 50,000

Status: Finalized.

Reports: 1 Operations Update on the web.

Appeal: Emergency Appeal no. 12/2002.

The objective of this three weeks long mission was to assess the needs of the people affected by the acute food insecurity and to support the national societies of Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe in responding to the needs.

The focus was on health and nutrition in the acute phase and water and irrigation beyond the acute phase. The team also investigated the possibilities for the host national societies to engage, in a more structured way, in food-related early warning systems, food security efforts and further development of food security methodologies in line with the 5th Pan-African Conference. The regional emergency appeal no. 12/2002 was based on the findings of this mission.

BURKINA FASO - MENINGITIS

Allocated: CHF 100,000

Date: 15 April 2002

Reimbursed: -

Status: Finalised.

Reports: 1 Operations Update on the web.

Appeal: Emergency Appeal no.09/2002.

Although meningitis is endemic in sub-Saharan Africa, the presence of a non-native strain of meningitis called W 135 (one of the most virulent forms of this disease) has been of particular concern this year. The W 135 effectively puts all of Burkina Faso’s 12 million residents at risk of contracting the disease. The outbreak first appeared in early January 2002, in the eastern district of Diapaga.

In response to the epidemic, the Burkina Faso Red Cross Society (BFRCS) began on 15 April a social mobilization and three week awareness campaign. With support from the Federation DREF, the BFRCS launched an appeal of CHF 103,000 targeting 1,900,000 people involving over 1,000 volunteers. The main objective of the campaign was to provide information to the population for early self-diagnosis and treatment of the disease.

In total, 1,237 volunteers were able to reach 2, 500 000 persons in two weeks. The Federation has also supported the national society by sending 5,000 vials of chloramphenicol in order to support the Ministry of Health for the treatment of patients admitted in different health centres countrywide. Furthermore, two health centres in Ouagadougou, the capital, suffered from overcrowding. With the Federation support, the national society built two tents to house 50 patients and donated 30 beds to a centre called Pissy.

BANGLADESH - TROPICAL STORMS

Allocated: CHF 102,346

Date: 30 April 2002

Reimbursed: -

Status: Finalised.

Reports: 3 Information Bulletins on the web.

Appeal: Minor emergency, no appeal.

By the end of April 2002, a series of heavy tropical storms swept across much of mainland Bangladesh and affected districts in the north-east of the country, particularly those bordering India. After a short respite, lasting less than a week, a further wave of tropical storms swept accross the country causing further destruction and distress. These new storms affected most severely the districts of Kishoregonj, Brahmanbaria, Mymensing, Jhenaidah. Magura, Tangail, Sirajgonj and Moulavi Bazar and damaged an estimated total of 5,000 dwellings, crops over extensive tracts of agricultural land and significantly disrupted electricity supplies and telephone communications. Several hundred people were injured and 11 died.

In response to an official request from the national society, funds were released from DREF in support of the BRCS relief intervention and replenishment of their buffer stocks as the national society allocated emergency "family kits" from its national buffer stocks for distribution to the targeted vulnerable families. The BRCS Relief department organized the dispatch of 2,303 pre-packed emergency "family kits" and the distribution process to beneficiaries (approx. 10,000 people) was completed within 20 days.

Within the BRCS and Federation objective to replenish and increase the national society buffer stocks, the national society received in June the final consignment of a total of 4,000 new "family kits".

A rapid approval of the request for a DREF allocation enabled a swift and appropriate national society response to the identified immediate needs and facilitated a necessary increase in the level of buffer stocks at the onset of the monsoon season.

KENYA - FLOODS

Allocated: CHF 50,000

Date: 6 May 2002

Reimbursed: -

Status: Ongoing.

Reports: 1 Operations Update on the web.

Appeal: Emergency Appeal no. 14/2002

Rains have wreaked havoc across Kenya in the beginning of May. Although the rains started a little late this year, this was the beginning of the long rainy season in Kenya which runs from April through June every year. The most affected provinces were the Nyanza and the Eastern province but the floods also affected Nairobi, the Western province, the Rift Valley, the Central and North Eastern provinces. According to official reports 46 people were killed, eight injured and more than 150,000 displaced by floods and landslides. Thousands of acres of crops were destroyed by water while homes were marooned or destroyed.

Along with the national authorities, the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) immediately undertook two assessments in the Nyanza province on 8 and 14 May. As this was a sudden on-set disaster affecting three-quarters of the country and requiring immediate assistance, a DREF allocation was requested pending an actual per district assessment.

Although the national society started immediate distributions of blankets, tarpaulins, soap and second hand clothes, the relief stocks of the Kenya Red Cross had been largely depleted in the number of interventions in 2001 and the first quarter of 2002. Therefore additional blankets, tarpaulins, jerry cans, water purification tablets and high protein biscuits were needed for further distribution and replenishment of preparedness stocks.

Out of the total number of 125,000 immediately displaced and affected people, the timely funds allocated from DREF provided quick response and were enough for the procurement of plastic sheetings and blankets for 6,000 people. A framework agreement with suppliers was used for the procurement of both blankets and plastic sheetings.

COSTA RICA AND PANAMA - FLOODS

Allocated: CHF 25,000

Date: 10 May 2002

Reimbursed: CHF 5,000

Status: Ongoing.

Reports: 2 Information Bulletins on the web.

Appeal: Minor emergency, no appeal launched.

In the beginning of May, heavy rains resulted in flooding in Costa Rica’s provinces of Limon on the Atlantic coast, in Turialba, in Cartago and in Heredia. In total, some 6,000 people were evacuated and around 4,000 remained in shelters.

The Costa Rican Red Cross Society immediately started with assessments, evacuation and distribution of food and non-food items (mattresses). On the basis of the initial and accurate assessments, the national society requested an allocation from DREF to start up the relief operation and cover additional needs. However, given continuing rains, beneficiary numbers rose and while the funds provided from DREF were sufficient for providing initial operational support, they were too limited to cover the provision of emergency supplies.

In Panama, three days of relentless rainfall resulted in flooding in the province of Bocas del Toro on the Atlantic coast. The Red Cross Society of Panama (PRCS) reported approximately 10,000 people affected by the flooding. A detailed survey of nine communities with a total population of 3,633 people indicated that each community had been hit by either floods or landslides. Approximately 1,500 people were evacuated.

The national society provided support with their own resources, launched a national appeal for assistance and requested additional funds from DREF. The allocated funds from DREF were used for the operational support and transportation during the initial needs assessment, together with mobilization of volunteers. There were also minimum purchases of food and water for distribution within the operation which assisted 400 families with hygiene kits, jerry cans, bleach, blankets, tarpaulins, canned food and kitchen sets.

PALESTINE RED CRESCENT SOCIETY - RECOVERY PROGRAMME

Allocated: CHF 190,000

Date: 23 May 2002

Reimbursed: -

Status: Ongoing.

Reports: Pending.

Appeal: Emergency Appeal no. 13/2002.

A severe escalation of the crisis in the West Bank, Gaza and in East Jerusalem resulted in widespread violence, large-scale military activities and massive damage to infrastructure, the conditions in the West Bank and Gaza cities.

The destruction of houses has left thousands of people homeless. The curfew and no access of the communities to the outside world resulted in the shortage of water and electricity. There was little opportunity to replenish basic supplies of food and medicines. The destruction of physical infrastructure in the Palestinian territories and weakening of the institutions resulted in major instability and long-term uncertainty.

The humanitarian consequences of the crisis have continued to have a highly negative impact on the Palestinian people and their institutions.

Given the nature of the conflict and its developments, coupled with the continued risk of natural disasters such as drought, the Palestine Red Crescent Society (PRCS) needs to continue to build on its current disaster preparedness and response programme and on better integration of its relief programme with the ongoing emergency medical services and primary health care activities implemented by volunteers. The funds from DREF were allocated to facilitate this process and boost the donor response.

SYRIA - DAM COLLAPSE/FLOODING

Allocated: CHF 200,000

Date: 6 June 2002

Reimbursed: -

Status: Ongoing.

Reports: 1 Operations Update on the web.

Appeal: Emergency Appeal no. 15/2002.

On 4 June 2002, the Zeyoun dam on the Nahr al’Asi (Orontes river), in the northern province of Hamah, collapsed flooding an estimated 60 sq. km with over 70 million m3 of water. Many crops and agricultural land were destroyed. Early warning about the cracks developing in the dam wall enabled some evacuation. According to the reports from the Syrian Arab Red Crescent Society (SARC), an estimated number of 10,000 were affected, 20 persons were killed. Crops were totally or partially damaged depending on their location. Up to 10,000 hectares of irrigated land were submerged under water. Water pumps, irrigation pipes and tools and livestock were swept away by flood waters. Roads, electricity, water and sanitation infrastructure, and telecommunications lines were disrupted.

The SARC responded immediately with teams from nearby towns and headquarters. The allocation from DREF was effected to facilitated the immediate relief efforts of the national society. In the first few days after the disaster, the SARC dispatched 1,000 food parcels, 200 tents, 500 blankets and 100 kitchen sets through its branch in Edlib.

CHILE - FLOODS

Allocated: CHF 60,000

Date: 6 June 2002

Reimbursed: -

Status: Finalised.

Reports: 2 Information Bulletins on the web.

Appeal: Minor emergency, no appeal.

In the end of May and beginning of June, heavy rains caused severe floods in central and southern Chile which are the main agricultural areas of the country. Around 50,000 were left homeless, 12 people died, roads were destroyed while many communities were left without electricity and water.

The Chilean Red Cross (ChRC) immediate focused on health, shelter, logistics and telecommunications. Based on the verifiable needs assessment, the national society was requested by the National Emergency Office to provide food and non-food items to 500 families in the community of Batuco in the municipality of Lampa, an isolated area located around 80km from Santiago.

The funds from DREF were instrumental in permitting the national society to meet its operational objectives specifically in distribution/transportation of goods collected at national level and in procurement and distribution of food and non-food items to the beneficiary population which is almost exclusively comprised of rural self-sufficient families with very little income.

MOLDOVA - HEAVY RAINFALL AND FLOODS

Allocated: CHF 34,724

Date: 24 June 2002

Reimbursed: -

Status: Ongoing.

Reports: 1 Information Bulletin on the web.

Appeal: Minor emergency, no appeal.

Unusually heavy rainfalls between 30 May and 5 June led to serious flooding in the central part of the Republic of Moldova. The districts of Tighina and Lapushna as well as the administrative unit of Gagauzia were among the worst affected areas. The infrastructural damage was estimated to approximately CHF 1.3 million. The flooding affected 167 families (500 persons).

The Red Cross Society of the Republic of Moldova did not have any available emergency stocks and the branches started collecting food and relief items. A plan of action was prepared to provide assistance to 500 people with basic relief items including food parcels, hygiene kits, blankets and bedding sets. A tendering process for the procurement of goods is presently underway.

The allocation from DREF enables the procurement and distribution of 590 food parcels, 590 hygiene kits, 500 bed linen sets and 500 blankets. These items should be distributed by the beginning of August 2002.

CHINA - FLASH FLOODS

Allocated: CHF 200,000

Date: 25 June 2002

Reimbursed: -

Status: Ongoing.

Reports: 4 Information Bulletins and 2 Operations Updates on the web.

Appeal: Emergency Appeal no. 16/2002.

Torrential rains which fell between 8 and 10 June affected large parts of north west, central and south eastern China and resulted in flooding, flash floods and landslides. The worst affected areas are the provinces of Sichuan, Shaanxi, Chongqing, Fujian, Hunan, Guangxi, Guizhou and Jiangxi.

According to the Red Cross Society of China (RCSC) approximately 95 million people have been affected. Some 683,000 people are homeless. Vast agricultural areas have been flooded. The economic losses have been estimated at USD 3 billion.

The RCSC immediately dispatched three rapid assessment teams and subsequently released materials from its Disaster Preparedness Centres in the affected provinces. Tents and clothes were distributed but these covered only a fraction of the immediate needs. Locally raised funds and in-kind donations were collected and distributed as well but were not sufficient either. Medical teams have been dispatched and medicines provided.

The DREF allocation was made to initiate the relief activities in response to the immediate needs indicated in the appeal.

SRI LANKA - DROUGHT 2002

Allocated: CHF 200,000

Date: 28 June 2002

Reimbursed: -

Status: Ongoing.

Reports: Pending.

Appeal: Emergency Appeal no. 18/2002.

Two and half years of severe drought in Southern Sri Lanka’s Hambantota district continues unabated. The conclusion of the 2001 programme was designed to coincide with the arrival of the south-west monsoon (April/May). However, the desperately needed rains, just as over the past two and a half years, failed to reach the most severely affected areas and the drought continued. The Hambantota district has experienced below average rainfall since 1996 and suffered two severe droughts in 1998 and 2001. More than 400,000 people, some 80% of the population in that region have been affected.

A joint Sri Lanka Red Cross/Federation assessment in May 2002, revealed that the affected population is only capable of meeting approximately one-third of their required nutritional needs and that the continuation of relief programmes is necessary. According to the plan, assistance will be provided to 18,000 beneficiaries (3,000 families) for nine months.

The DREF allocation was made to initiate the relief activities in response to the immediate needs indicated in the appeal.

RUSSIAN FEDERATION - FLOODS IN THE NORTHERN CAUCASUS AND SOUTH OF RUSSIA

Allocated: CHF 50,000

Date: 28 June 2002

Reimbursed: -

Status: Ongoing.

Reports: 1 Information Bulletins on the web.

Appeal: Minor emergency, no appeal.

Continuous heavy rains which fell between 17 and 23 June 2002, resulted in floods damaging houses and industrial buildings and activating landslides. Nine regions in the South Federal Zone (Stavropolski Krai, Republic of Adygea, Kabardino-Balkaria Republic, Karachaevo-Cherkessia Republic, Krasnodarsky Krai, Ingushetia Republic, Republic of North Osetia (Alania), Chechen Republic, Dagestan Republic) including over 200,000 people were affected and around 70,000 evacuated.

While the population in the ICRC-mandated regions have been assisted, the region of Krasnodarsky Krai requested assistance from the Russian Red Cross. In Krasnodarsky Krai (one of the most affected areas) eight people were killed and over 94,000 suffered the consequences of the flooding in 58 settlements. Over 25,000 houses were damaged, with over 4,000 washed away by the disaster.

The allocation from DREF will be used for the procurement of 4,500 bed linen sets locally, in order to speed up the process and deliver assistance as soon as possible.

Coordination and management

According to the information related to the management of DREF allocations in the field, the funds were generally received on time and were used by national societies and/or delegations to start up operations or to implement the planned activities in full. No problems with banking facilities in the receiving countries have been reported. The benefits of the existing agreements with suppliers of relief items were reported only in Kenya - Floods.

Preconditions and critical assumptions

The DREF objective can be fully achieved only if:

  • The recovery rate is maintained at high level;
  • Donor national societies continue to support the Federation DREF;
  • The funding reaches the required/targeted level.

Outstanding needs

In April, the Federation revised its DREF budget and requested CHF 3.5 million in total for 2002 in order to achieve the CHF 10 million target. This calculation was based on the statistical assumption that around 75% of the DREF money will be used for major disasters, for which near total recovery is expected.

Present situation tells us, however, that the ratio in the second quarter of the year is 7:5 in favour of major disasters. In percentage, that means that only approximately 58% of allocations were made against major disasters. Compared with the situation in the first quarter of the year, when 4 allocations were made against minor emergencies, 3 against major disasters and 2 against preparedness activities, it becomes clear that continued recovery efforts including further contributions against minor emergencies (as reimbursements to DREF) as well as to DREF as a global un-earmarked fund are essential.

According to the final decision of the Swedish Government, their contribution to DREF through the Swedish Red Cross is down to SEK 1.7 million out of the advance of SEK 3 million forwarded earlier in the year. Reallocations have been already effected in line with the requirements, bringing down the total contributions received in 2002. There is presently one pending pledge, the DFID July-December grant, to CHF 150,000.

The balance on DREF account is currently CHF 6.5 million. Please refer to the attached Annex 1 (List of Contributions) and Annex 2 (Financial Monitoring Report) for the overall 2002 status related to contributions, allocations, reimbursements/recoveries and outstanding needs.

When referring to the List of Contributions, a clear distinction has to be made between contributions against the DREF appeal and contributions as reimbursements to DREF. The latter category makes the contribution percentage against the DREF appeal higher than actual. Further efforts will be made in the forthcoming period to make a better distinction between the two on the same List in order to fully acknowledge a different but equally valuable support of the donors.

For further details please contact: Jasna Djordjevic, Phone: 41 22 730 44 27; Fax: 41 22 733 03 95; email: djordjev@ifrc.org

All International Federation Operations seek to adhere to the Code of Conduct and are committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response (SPHERE Project) in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable.

For further information concerning Federation operations in this or other countries, please access the Federation website at http://www.ifrc.org.

John Horekens
Director
External Relations Division

Jean Ayoub
Director
Disaster Management and Coordination Division

(pdf* format)