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Climate Change Profile: Bangladesh

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This climate change profile is designed to help integrate climate actions into development activities. It complements the publication ‘Climate-smart = Future-Proof! – Guidelines for Integrating climate-smart actions into development policies and activities’ and provides answers to some of the questions that are raised in the step-by-step approach in these guidelines.
The current and expected effects of climate change differ locally, nationally and regionally. The impacts of climate change effects on livelihoods, food and water security, ecosystems, infrastructure etc. differ per country and region as well as community and individual, with gender a particularly important vulnerability factor. This profile aims to give insight in the climate change effects and impacts in Bangladesh, with particular attention for food security and water. It also sheds light on the policies, priorities and commitments of the government in responding to climate change and important climate-relevant activities that are being implemented, including activities being internationally financed.


Bangladesh faces significant challenges in adapting to the impacts of climate change.
Often cited as one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change, Bangladesh’s topography and geographical location make it particularly susceptible to extreme weather events including cyclones, floods and storm surges.
Its vulnerability is caused not only by its biophysical factors (being a flat, low, delta country exposed to flooding and cyclones)1, but also its socio-economic factors (such as high dependence on agriculture, population density, and poverty)2. Hotspots of climate change vulnerability, where both biophysical and socio-economic vulnerability are high, are in the central and western coastal area, the north-western highlands, and along the main rivers.