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Climate change in the coast of Bay of Bengal: Impact, Resilience and Implications

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INTRODUCTION

This report presents the views, of hundreds of poor people living in the coast of Bay of Bengal, about climate change and its impact on their life, livelihood and environment. Concern Worldwide shares this report to wider public and policy makers considering its possible contribution to the ideas and knowledge that shape current climate change policy and actions in the study areas as well as international climate change negotiation in Durban in November 2011.

The study focus was selective to the baseline indicators of the project. But it also produced far greater analysis and views sufficient to raise significant issues relevant to today’s climate change discourse. The report was developed by September 2011, by an experienced team in Bangladesh and India, with support from a group of climate change specialists along with the support from the program team of CWW and partners in India and Bangladesh. This study covered four districts in Bangladesh i.e. Khulna, Satkhira, atuakhali and Borguna and two districts i.e. Kendrapara and Jagatshingpur of Orissa state in India. The study team utilised CWW’s Asset, Inequality and Risk framework for understanding extreme poverty as the base for designing the study and the key highlights of the analysis is outlined as following; oncern Worldwide has launched a multi country initiative titled ‘Paribartan– Multi Country Initiative on Increasing Resilience and Reducing Risk of Coastal Communities to Climate Change and Natural Hazards on the Bay of Bengal covering coastal regions of both Bangladesh and India. This study report was prepared as a baseline for Concern Worldwide’ (CWW) climate change resilience and adaptation programme being implemented in the state of Orissa of India and South West Coast of Bangladesh. The summary report outlines the key trends and findings of a longitudinal action research initiative launched as part of the program strategy to facilitate a Community Based Climate Change Information System. The first year report establishes issues pertaining to extreme poverty and vulnerability to climate change.