Report prepared by
Mohammad Kamrul Hasan
Sr. PMER Officer
Disaster Risk Management Department
2. Executive summary
The community-based disaster risk reduction (CBDRR) programme is conceived and developed to support the disaster risk reduction (DRR) of vulnerable communities in one flood, one cyclone-prone and two water-logged districts of Jamalpur, Bhola, Satkhira and Jessore. While the project will run for four years from mid-2012 to -2016, this reporting period covers 1 January to 30 June 2015.
The interventions in 2015 focuses on diversification of livelihoods, safe sanitation and access to water sources, resilient housing, resource mobilization, small scale mitigation and health consultations. The awareness raising interventions this year include cyclone preparedness simulations and hygiene practice through capacity building events.
BDRCS strengthens the linkage between communities and local government institutions, such as Union Parishad, Department of Agriculture/Fisheries, Public Health Engineering, through engaging government health, agricultural and fisheries’ consultants in community consultations. These consultations emphasize the promotion of disaster tolerant rice varieties and modern technology relevant for fish culture and agro farming in the disaster and climate context.
The PASSA (Participatory Approach for Safe Shelter Awareness) manual has been used while conducting PASSA exercise in project communities. Eight communities in Bhola and Jessore districts were supported with cash grant following completion of PASSA exercise.
The communities of Jamalpur district were provided with necessary equipment and a refreshers’ training for flood early warning. Dialogues with other humanitarian organizations are in place to synergies the effort in establishing a consistent early warning system in flood prone areas.
The project supplements BDRCS’ effort in institutionalizing beneficiary communication and accountability with the aim to provide transparent and accountable humanitarian services.
2.1 Overall project/programme status:
The CBDRR programme intends to strengthen the resilience of vulnerable communities towards local hazards through a community-based approach. The programme enhances skill development, awareness strategies and provision of tools for both preparedness and response of communities to local disasters.With major interventions on housing, WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene) and livelihood, this year, housing support through cash grants and distribution of necessary materials for latrine construction for targeted beneficiaries was completed within the reporting period.The project budget and implementation plan was reviewed based on the availability of fund to ensure targets are achieved with quality deliverables. The figures and phrasing in some of the indicators for the project were revised based on the baseline study findings, plan of action and targeted beneficiaries for the activities.
2.2 People reached
Due to fluctuation rate of currency, the value of SEK compared to the CHF was lost quite abruptly in mid-January 2015 meaning that the SEK amount to be pledged translates into less CHF than indicated in December 2014. The amount to be pledged to CBDRR from SEK equals approx. 700,000 CHF, which was 200,000 CHF less than the actual budget planned for 2015. Hence the budget for CBDRR program in 2015 was revised to adjust with the allocation. While major activities were shifted to 2016 along with reduction in the frequency of regular activities, such as health camps, the implementation of the project was impeded. The allocation of cash grants for beneficiaries in eight communities of Bhola and Jessore districts for house repairing was also reduced to BDT 15,000, instead of planned BDT 20,000.The figures and phrasing in some of the indicators for the project were revised based on the comprehensive baseline study findings, plan of action and targeted beneficiaries for the activities. The country as a whole experienced heightened political and civil unrest in the first three months of the year. BDRCS/IFRC had taken measure to ensure that the smaller scale and field level activities are not delayed by mobilizing project staff and volunteers within the communities to avoid potential risk.
690 beneficiaries were reached with safe sanitary latrines in the project communities of Bhola.
The intervention aimed at preventing open defecation and water related/vector borne disease in the regions.
In order to strengthen the capacity of communities for responding to local disasters, community DREF has been established in one of the remaining communities of Satkhira. At present all twelve communities operate CDREF through maintaining a bank account and depositing monthly contribution of the locals. The cumulative household contribution of twelve communities is 83% of the total planned.
Around 470 households in 6 communities of Bhola district were supported with cash grants to strengthen its homestead to recurring disasters.
Six Cyclone Preparedness Programme (CPP) units of Manpura and Charfassion Upazila of Bhola district were provided with early warning equipment to enhance cyclone early warning dissemination system
4 simulations were conducted as part of awareness raising campaigns in cyclone prone areas to sensitize communities on cyclone preparedness
16 advisory sessions on agriculture were conducted by agricultural officer from the DAE (Department of Agriculture Extension) at the upazila in the communities of Jessore, Jamalpur,
Bhola and Satkhira districts. The sessions included discussions on HYV (high-yielding variety), saline tolerant rice cultivation, seed preservation and formation of seed banks.
Communities were also supported with necessary inputs to enhance its livelihood options in the face of recurring hazards.
Women’s skill development training such as seed bank formation, sewing and producing handicrafts was conducted to encourage women empowerment and increase income options.
Around 546 beneficiaries received medical consultations on acute viral diseases, skin disease and gastrointestinal problems through eight health consultative sessions and eleven mobile health camps in Jessore, Bhola, Jamalpur and Satkhira districts. The beneficiaries were also supported with basic medicine on the event of consultation.
Small scale mitigation activities such as road repairing and wooden bridge construction in Monpura upazila of Bhola district were completed to ensure communities’ access to services through improved communication.
As a step to build up beneficiary communications, a sensitization training on complaints and response mechanism was organized during 26-27 April 2015 by Bangladesh Red Crescent People reached for reporting period Direct recipients Indirect recipients Total people reached Total people covered Male Female Total Planned Actual Planned Actual Planned Actual 11659 11451 12631 12295 24290 23746 15769 39515 4 | P a g e Society with support from IFRC, with the main purpose of raising awareness and understanding among BDRCS management and staff on the role and importance of CRM, and building on the learnings and outcomes of the 2014 workshop.
CBDRR progarmme facilitated the experience sharing session on BDRCS resilience programme and VCA with the team of the Copenhagen University. It was done to support the university’s fieldwork on VCA under its Master Degree of Disaster Management programme.