• The monsoon rains that began in June, with very heavy downpours and high winds, damaged structures, bridges, culverts, drainage channels, access roads as well as water points, latrines and other facilities in Ukhia and Teknaf. A rapid analysis of the response reflected that the mitigation and preparedness measures—along with refugee volunteers on the ground—helped manage this extremely heavy rain without major disruptions. A few children were separated during the extreme rains, but established child protection mechanisms helped reunite them with their families.
• UNICEF has provided more than 300,000 (51 per cent of target) people with access to safe drinking water; has treated 8,000 children with Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) through its 33 Outpatient Therapeutic Programme (OTP); and vaccinated 879,273 people against Cholera.
• From January to June 2018, UNICEF has reached more than 137,744 children (48 percent of target) with psychosocial support services; and has provided non-formal education to 91,000 Rohingya children aged 4-14 (60 percent of target) with the support of 2,762 trained teachers in 867 learning centres in the Rohingya camps.
• 12 functional Information & Feedback Centers have been set-up providing lifesaving or life-enhancing information to and feedback collected from affected communities using channels adapted to the context, gender and age.
SITUATION IN NUMBERS
703,000 Children in need of humanitarian assistance (JRP March to December 2018)
1.3 million People in need - including refugees and host community (JRP March to December 2018)
381,240 Children (arrived since 25 August 2017) in need of humanitarian assistance (Based on ISCG SitRep 5 July 2018)
706,000 New arrivals since 25 August (ISCG SitRep, as of 5 July 2018)
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
The influx of Rohingya refugees from northern parts of Myanmar’s Rakhine State into Bangladesh since 25 August 2017 resulted in a mass displacement of refugees. As of 5 July 2018, the Inter-Sector Coordination Group (ISCG) reported that 706,000 Rohingya refugees have entered Bangladesh since the attacks. According to ISCG’s rapid needs assessment, 54 per cent of new arrivals are children and 60 per cent are girls and women including a number of pregnant (3 per cent) and lactating women (7 per cent). With the new influx, the total number of Rohingya who have fled from Myanmar into Bangladesh, coupled with the affected population in the communities, has reached an estimated staggering 1.3 million. There are 703,000 children among the new arrivals, existing Rohingya populations and vulnerable host communities who are affected and need urgent humanitarian assistance including critical life-saving interventions. The ongoing cyclone and monsoon season, which started in April 2018, is expected to continue till November affecting various parts of the country and especially the Rohingya refugees and host communities in Cox’s Bazar. Heavy rains since beginning June have caused localized flooding, landslides, and water logging. Risk of cholera or acute watery diarrhoea outbreak remains high during the monsoon season.
The Joint Response Plan (JRP) for March to December 2018 was launched on 16 March, appealing for US$950.8 million, including US$113 million for UNICEF. UNICEF’s 2018 revised Humanitarian Action for Children includes the key components of the JRP, an emphasis on expanding support to the Bangladeshi community in Cox’s Bazar district and preparedness and response to other emergencies nationwide.