This Revised Emergency Appeal seeks 33,516,6271 Swiss francs – increased from 12,763,504 Swiss francs – to enable the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to support the Bangladesh Red Crescent Society (BDRCS) to deliver assistance and support to a cumulative total of 200,000 people. This revised Emergency Appeal results in a funding gap of 24,006,582 Swiss francs. The operation, whose timeframe has been extended further until 30 June 2019 (from 30 September 2018), will focus on the following sectors: health (including psychosocial support (PSS) and nutrition); water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH); livelihoods (including food security); shelter (including non-food items); restoring family links (RFL); disaster and crisis risk reduction, protection, gender and inclusion (PGI); and National Society capacity enhancement.
The appeal revision is based on the increasing critical humanitarian needs due to the sudden and severe population displacement since 25 August 2017; contingency planning for an expected continued influx of persons; the need for medium and longer-term interventions to support community safety, dignity and resilience in what is likely to be a protracted crisis; the importance of addressing the humanitarian impacts on the host communities and contingency planning or measures for the forthcoming cyclone seasons; and the potential outbreak of disease, including cholera.
The crisis and the Red Cross Red Crescent response to date
October-December 2016: An initial influx of people from Rakhine State in Myanmar to Cox’s Bazar takes place, with some 87,000 arrivals recorded.
17 January 2017: IFRC allocates 273,151 Swiss francs from its Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to kick-start the BDRCS response.
18 March 2017: IFRC launches an Emergency Appeal for 3,265,766 Swiss francs, to enable the delivery of assistance to 25,000 people.
30 May 2017: Cyclone Mora makes landfall in Cox’s Bazar and the districts of Bandarban, Chittagong, Cox’s Bazar, Khagrachari and Rangamati experience the worst landslides in history, with at least 160 human lives lost.
15 August 2017: IFRC issues a Revised Emergency Appeal for 4 million Swiss francs to incorporate needs compounded by Cyclone Mora.
25 August 2017: Violence in Myanmar’s state of Rakhine prompts a new influx of people into South East Bangladesh. As of 12 September 2017, Inter Sector Coordination Group (ISCG) reported that an estimated 379,851 people have crossed the border into Bangladesh.
14 September 2017: IFRC issues a Revised Emergency Appeal for 12.76 million Swiss francs to accommodate the needs of the new influx of people. IFRC global response tools start being deployed, including Emergency Response Units (ERU), a Field Assessment and Coordination Team (FACT), Regional Disaster Response Teams (RDRT), and surge delegates/staff.
23 October 2017: IFRC issues the third Revised Emergency Appeal for 33,516,627 Swiss francs to assist 200,000 people.