Bangladesh

Bangladesh: Plan 2010-2011 (MAABD001)

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Bangladesh consists mostly of a low-lying river delta with over 230 rivers and tributaries situated between the foothills of the Himalayas and the Bay of Bengal. The combination of its geography, population density, and extreme poverty make Bangladesh vulnerable to disaster.

In the past decades millions of people have been affected by disasters in Bangladesh. In this densely populated country half of the population live below the poverty line. According to the latest global population report by the United Nations Population Fund, at the present growth rate, Bangladesh will be home to 254.1 million by 2050. As per United Nations' reports the per capita gross national income dropped to USD 1,230 from USD 2,090 last year. The human poverty index ranks Bangladesh 110thamong 135 developing countries.

However, although the country has made some progress towards development, it still faces enormous challenges not only because of the above mentioned but also because of its geographical location leading to environmental changes that have become increasingly important. For example, even though the death toll from disasters has been reduced dramatically over the past years through effective utilization of early-warning systems, Bangladesh is now widely recognized as one of the countries most vulnerable to climate change. This means natural hazards that come from increased rainfall, sea levels rising and tropical cyclones are expected to increase and become more intense. Natural hazards will seriously be affecting agriculture, water and food security; and human health and shelter for decades to come. It is believed that in the coming decades the rising sea level alone will create more than 252 million climate refugees.

Bangladesh Red Crescent Society (BDRCS) is one of the largest indigenous humanitarian organizations in the country, providing assistance to the most vulnerable people, through its 68 units (covering all administrative districts and major metropolitan cities), and large volunteer base, with approximately 300,000 members/volunteers, including Red Crescent Youth volunteers.

The country plan for 2010-2011 is in line with the draft BDRCS three year strategic development plan, the regional framework for South Asia and the global agenda goals. The disaster management programme, which is in line with the Global Alliance on disaster risk reduction and the Hyogo Framework for Action, will continue to focus on strengthening BDRCS' capacity for disaster preparedness, response and recovery for any emergency at the national and the community level. This aims to strengthen the community; thereby, allowing the community to be

prepared and self reliant in the event of any unforeseen disasters. The health and care programme will focus on public health in emergencies as well as maternal, newborn and child health. This is so as BDRCS' commitment to response will enhance the community's health status and address climate change issues effectively. Also, as a part of the Global Alliance on HIV, the national society will focus on and address HIV issues. The health and care plan is inline with the International Federation's global health and care strategy (2006-2010) and global agenda goal. The organizational development programme will support BDRCS in strengthening its foundation (legal base and structure), and the national society's institutional capacity enabling it to become a well functioning national society. The humanitarian principles and values programme will focus on promoting/disseminating the Red Cross Red Crescent principles and values as an integrated component and a cross cutting issue in all the programmes, projects, training, and workshops.

This plan targets to reach approximately 2,018,679 persons. The majority of the targeted population are among the most vulnerable, people living below the poverty line and/or in disaster-prone areas (both rural and urban), as well as displaced people. The targeted persons reached comprises of all ages and groups from different ethnic backgrounds. The table below shows a break down of Red Crescent Youth and persons reached by each programme:

Programmes
RCY and Peoplereached (direct)
RCY and People reached (indirect)
Disaster management
245,170
493,260
Health and care
1,122,249
(785,574 men, 336,675 women)
2,000,000
Organizational development
31,600
158,000
Principles and values
403,736
2,018,679

The budget for 2010 is CHF 1,770,772 (USD 1.71 million or EUR 1.16 million). The budget for 2011 is CHF 1,722,106 (USD 1.66 million or EUR 1.13 million).