Bangladesh IPC Chronic Food Insecurity Report (June 2022)


Key results

Bangladesh has made significant progress in food security in recent years compared to many of its Asian counterparts, with over 58.5 million people, representing 36% of the total population, facing Mild Chronic Food Insecurity (IPC Level 2), and 69.8 million people, representing 43% of the total population, classified in IPC Level 1 (No/low Chronic Food Insecurity).

Nearly 35 million people, representing 21% of the total population of Bangladesh, face Moderate and Severe Chronic Food Insecurity (IPC Levels 3 and 4), of which 11.7 million people, or 7% of the total population face Severe Chronic Food Insecurity (IPC Level 4) and 23.1 million people, or 14% of the total population, face Moderate Chronic Food Insecurity (IPC CFI Level 3).

Of the eight divisions in Bangladesh, the divisions of Chattogram and Dhaka have the lowest proportion of Moderate and Severe Chronic Food Insecure (CFI) people (18% and 16% respectively). Rangpur division has the highest proportion of Moderate and Severe CFI people (31%) followed by Barishal division (24%) and Rajshahi division (23%).

At the next administrative level, of the 64 districts in Bangladesh, there are six districts that have a share of households equal to 35% or more in IPC CFI Levels 3 and 4. These are: Bandarban, Jamalpur, Kurigram, Gaibandha, Sunamganj and Cox’s Bazar. In four districts - Chattogram, Dhaka, Mymensingh, and Gaibandha - the total population in IPC CFI Levels 3 and 4 is greater than 1 million. These districts are analysed in greater detail in this report.

Households with the highest risk of IPC CFI Levels 3 and 4 are those who mainly depend on low value and unsustainable income sources (which often generate inadequate and unpredictable income), such as unskilled daily labor, marginal farming or traditional/subsistence fishing, (ARSS 2018) and live in areas where there is a high recurrence of shocks, e.g., cyclones, flash and monsoon floods, riverbank erosion, dry spells, etc. These households are likely to possess the lowest levels of human (ARSS 2018), physical (HIES 2016) and financial capitals (Statistical Yearbook 2018).