Bangladesh: Humanitarian Situation report, Rohingya influx (12 Sep 2017)
• The influx of Rohingya has restarted following the attacks on the Myanmar Border Guard Police posts in the Rakhine state on 25 August 2017.
• On 12 September, the Inter-Sector Coordination Group (ISCG) reported that 379,000 people are estimated to have entered Bangladesh since 25 August; The speed and magnitude of this influx has overwhelmed the capacity of the Government of Bangladesh and humanitarian agencies to respond to immediate needs.
• For the new influx, UNICEF is seeking US$7.36 million* in order to provide immediate life-saving humanitarian assistance to 74,460 children for an initial period of four months. This is in addition to the original funding requirement of US$ 9.46 million which was launched at the beginning of 2017.
• With UNICEF support, the Department of Public Health Engineering (DPHE) is managing two water treatment plants in Cox’s Bazar with a capacity to provide 2,000 litre of potable/hour. DPHE is also installing 50 water tube wells. Three UNICEF-supported DPHE water trucks (3,000 litre capacity) are operational to deliver safe water with a capacity of 9,000 liters/day. UNICEF is providing psychosocial support to 5,157 traumatized children through 41 Child Friendly Spaces (CFS). UNICEF has also triggered lifesaving nutrition interventions for the new arrivals by screening a total of 3,166 children and referring 143 SAM children for treatment. With UNICEF support, the Government is mobilizing vaccinations for all Rohingya children under 15 years against polio as well as measles and rubella; 41 Education in Emergency (EiE) Kits have been provide to established temporary learning centers in UNICEF-supported 41 Child Friendly Spaces (CFSs) to reach an estimated 1,230 newly arrived children.
• Prior to the recent influx, UNICEF had already provided education to 12,276 Rohingya children, and child protection services to 23,500 children. A total of 35,734 children were screened for malnutrition; 103,611 children were vaccinated against measles and rubella; 60,000 people have access to safe drinking water and improved sanitation. This support is continuing alongside the assistance to newly-arrived populations.
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
The Influx of Rohingya has restarted following the attacks in the Myanmar Border Guard Police posts in the Rakhine state on 25 August 2017. On 12 September, the Inter-Sector Coordination Group (ISCG) reported that an estimated 379,000 people have entered Bangladesh since the attacks. It is estimated that 80 per cent of the new arrivals are children and women including newborn babies and pregnant women. 150,000 arrivals are currently residing in makeshift settlements and official refugee camps that are extremely overcrowded, while 35,000 arrivals are in host communities. In addition, 185,000 arrivals are in six new spontaneous settlements in the host community area, which are quickly expanding.
People are making huts but the majority people are staying in open air, suffering from trauma, exhaustion, sickness and hunger. Most of them walked 50/60 kilometers for up to six days and are in dire need of food, water, shelter and protection. According to ISCG situation report on 8 September, 88 dead bodies have been found in the last 10 days.
The situation remains highly fluid, with more than 15,000 people coming in every day. People continue to come in through different crossing points, including by marine routes in coastal areas on the Bay of Bengal, over the Naf River in Teknaf and via land crossing points in Ukhiya and Bandarban District.
The new influx of 370,000 adds to the previous influx of 74,000 from last October 2016. This is coupled with another 300,000-500,000 of the pre-existing Undocumented Myanmar Nationals (UMNs) and 32,000 registered Rohingya refugee. Cox’s Bazar, one of the most vulnerable districts in relations to poor performance in child-related indicator and vulnerability to natural disasters, is now confronting a dire humanitarian crisis.
To deliver immediate life-saving humanitarian assistance to the new arrivals, UNICEF is seeking for US$7.36 million to provide emergency WASH, Child-Centred Care (Child Protection), Nutrition, Health and Education services to 74,460 children at risk for an initial period of four months. The immediate response plan was developed targeting 240,000 new arrivals. Considering that the number of influx has already overshot previously forecasted numbers, this appeal will be revised upward in alignment with the upcoming final ISCG response plan. UNICEF, WFP, UNFPA, UNHCR and IOM submitted a CERF Rapid Response request for US$7 million for which UNICEF was allocated US$ 642,826 for WASH, US$212,472 for Child Protection, and US$ 394,520 for Nutrition.
Prior to the new influx since August, UNICEF required US$20.7 million to provide Child-Centred Care (Child Protection), Education, Nutrition, WASH and Health support to 358,602 children in the period2017-2018 and through direct interventions and by strengthening local governance systems. Out of this amount, US$ 9.45 million was a funding requirement for 2017 response.
UNICEF has already deployed an additional 36 staff, namely from its main office in Dhaka, its regional office in Nepal (ROSA), and from its headquarters in Geneva, to Cox’s Bazar to support the programme scale-up. Additional surge staff are being identified.