Bangladesh: Humanitarian Situation report No.23 (Rohingya influx) 18 February 2018

Report
from UN Children's Fund
Published on 18 Feb 2018

Highlights

  • During the past seven days, 230 suspected diphtheria cases were reported - compared with 298 cases in the previous week – indicating a clear declining trend. UNICEF and partners vaccinated 391,678 children during the second round of the diphtheria vaccination campaign during 27 Jan to 10 Feb.

  • As of 13 February 2018, 287,200 people have access to safe water and 389,050 people have access to sanitation facilities

    UNICEF is providing non-formal education to 81,937 children and psychosocial support to 140,037 children.

  • Monsoon preparedness activities continue: expansion of water sources and supply (598 tube-well constructed); identification of water quality concerns and decommissioning of sources of contamination; ensuring operation of sanitation infrastructure (a total of 2,324 latrines have been de-sludged); development of preparedness messages for community

  • The Joint Response Plan for March-December 2018, coordinated by the Inter Sector Coordination group is under finalization for an expected total amount of US$940 million

  • At the start of the year, UNICEF has 28 per cent funding available against its 2018 appeal requirement. An additional US$ 104.5 million is required to fully deliver on the Rohingya response.

Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs

As of 27 January 2018, the Inter-Sector Coordination Group (ISCG) reported that almost 688,0001 Rohingya refugees have entered Bangladesh since the attacks. According to ISCG’s rapid needs assessment, 58 per cent of new arrivals are children and 60 per cent are girls and women including a high number of pregnant (3 per cent) and lactating women (7 per cent). The estimated total affected population of existing refugees, new arrivals and host communities is 1.2 million people. 2 This includes 720,000 affected children in need of urgent humanitarian assistance including critical life-saving interventions.

Existing basic services for refugees and host communities have been overwhelmed due to the sudden and massive increase in population. The high population density in the settlements has increased the risk of disease outbreaks and 1.2 million people urgently require water and sanitation services. More than 17 million litres of clean water per day are needed and approximately 50,000 latrines with semi-permanent structures need to be constructed or maintained. Vaccination coverage amongst new arrivals is very low and deadly outbreaks of communicable diseases (measles and diphtheria) have already occurred. In densely populated settlements, with poor sanitation and hygiene conditions, risks of cholera outbreaks or acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) are being addressed in the rainy/cyclone season preparedness plan. Urgent nutrition needs have been prioritized for children under five (including infants), pregnant and lactating women (PLW) and adolescent girls, with 3 per cent of children suffering from life-threatening severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the biggest settlement (Kutupalong). An estimated 400,000 Rohingya children are also in need of psychosocial support and other protection and education services.

The inter-agency Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP), covering the period from September 2017 to February 2018, identified the need to immediately scale up activities in the areas of WASH, health, nutrition and food security and shelter to save lives in both settlements and host communities. The “Rohingya Refugee Crisis Joint Response Plan” covering the period from March to December 2018 will ensure that the needs of the most vulnerable population will continue to be addressed.

The Joint Response Plan (JRP) for March-December 2018, coordinated by the ISCG is under finalization for an expected total amount of US$ 940million. UNICEF’s 2018 HAC was developed prior to the development of the upcoming JRP and is being revisited to ensure full alignment with the JRP.