Bangladesh: Humanitarian Situation Report No. 49 (Rohingya Influx), 1 to 31 March 2019
• The Cox’s Bazar Civil Surgeon, UNICEF and sector partners organized a Nutrition Action Week in all Rohingya camps from 18-27 March 2019. Ninety five per cent children under 5 in camps (144,383 children) were screened for malnutrition and received Vitamin A Supplementation. Screening identified 1,203 children (49 per cent girls) with severe acute malnutrition, of which 617 were newly admitted for treatment and others were already in treatment.
• In March 2019, UNICEF and partners constructed 118 learning centres. There are now 1,991 UNICEF supported learning centres in camps, benefitting 180,293 Rohingya refugee children.
• Recent survey of women and girls in camps 15 and 16 on menstrual hygiene management indicated that sixty-eight per cent of those surveyed expressed satisfaction with their access to menstrual hygiene management (MHM) services; 10 per cent have seen an improvement since the last survey in December 2018 while 20 per cent feel services have worsened. Steps will be taken to improve MHM services based on this feedback.
• Since January 2019, UNICEF and its local partner have established three Information Feedback Centres (IFCs) in host communities. These centres have been well-received, with 488 pieces of feedback and 330 queries received in March
Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs
The finalization of the UNICEF Monsoon and Cyclone Preparedness and Response Plan is ongoing in close coordination with the Inter-Sector Coordination Group (ISCG), sector partners and working groups (Emergency Task Force, Natural Hazard Task Force and Information Management Working Group). UNICEF aims to address key areas related to children potentially affected by severe weather events in the camps and host communities, with a focus on risks analysis, access, upgrading of facilities, communicating with communities, partnerships, preposition of supplies and the identification of additional human resources.
For cyclone preparedness a Simulation Exercise (SIMEX) planned for early April has been postponed at the request of the government.
The Government coordination mechanism which needs to be tested during the SIMEX may now take place in May. In the absence of cyclone shelters for refugees (cyclone resistant shelters exist in the host community but cover only approximately 20 per cent of the Bangladesh host population), the refugees may be advised to stay in their shelter or in upgraded structures within the camps or depending on the severity of the cyclone, be guided by the advice of the Army.