Bangladesh + 1 more

Bangladesh: Humanitarian Situation Report No. 31 (Rohingya Influx), 22 April - 5 May 2018

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Highlights

  • During the reporting period, moderate rain and strong winds started affecting the land and the walkways in the camps; making them muddy and therefore risky for people to move around. Several temporary learning centres were damaged but quickly repaired to allow for continued learning.

  • From 6-13 May, the second round of Oral Cholera Vaccine (OCV) campaign will take place, targeting nearly one million people above one year of age from both refugee and host communities. Some 259 teams are deployed to support the campaign.

  • The Second National Plan of Action for Nutrition was disseminated during the National Nutrition Week 2018 by the Civil Surgeon Office, Cox’s Bazar with support from UNICEF. The plan is to promote nutrition in support of family and community health and for the overall development of Bangladesh. The day was observed on 30 April 2018, with the participation of various government, non-government and community organizations.

  • The Bangladesh 2018 HAC appeal is 54 per cent funded with the generous support of its donors. However, an additional US$66.9 million is required to fully deliver the Rohingya response.

SITUATION IN NUMBERS

703,000
Children in need of humanitarian assistance
(JRP March to December 2018)

1.3 million
People in need - including refugees and host community
(JRP March to December 2018)

401,940
Children (arrived since 25 August 2017) in need of humanitarian assistance
(Based on ISCG SitRep 26 April 2018)

693,000
New arrivals since 25 August
(ISCG SitRep, as of 26 April 2018)

Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs

Existing basic services for refugees and host communities have been overwhelmed due to the massive increase in population. Over 16 million litres of clean water are required daily and 50,000 latrines are needed or maintained. Unsanitary and congested camp conditions are increasing the risk of deadly and communicable disease outbreaks as vaccination coverage among the refugees has been low prior to their arrival in Bangladesh. Both refugees and host communities in Cox’s Bazar are also susceptible to environmental hazards associated with the upcoming cyclone and monsoon seasons from April to November which will also affect around 60 per cent of other areas in Bangladesh, having devastating impact on people’s lives, livelihoods and property. Risks of cholera or acute watery diarrhoea outbreak will remain high during the monsoon season. Urgent nutrition needs have been prioritized, assevere acute malnutrition (SAM) rates have been high amongst small children. An estimated 400,000 children need protection and education services, many requiring psychosocial support. The Joint Response Plan (JRP) for March to December 2018 was launched on 16 March, appealing for US$950.8 million, including US$113 million for UNICEF. UNICEF’s 2018 revised Humanitarian Action for Children will include the key components of the JRP as well as expanded support to the Bangladeshi community in Cox’s Bazar district.