Bangladesh + 1 more

Bangladesh: Humanitarian Situation Report No. 24 (Rohingya Influx), 25 February 2018

Situation Report
Originally published



• UNICEF has released a Child Alert to commemorate the six-month mark of the beginning of the crisis on 25 August 2017.

• During the past seven days, 219 suspected diphtheria cases were reported indicating a declining and stable trend. The third round of diphtheria vaccination will start from 10 March.

• 290,700 people now have access to safe drinking water and 391,090 people have access to sanitation facilities.

• UNICEF is providing non-formal education to 82,006 children and psychosocial support to 141,227 children.

• Monsoon preparedness continues: UNICEF has signed an agreement with the Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief (MoDMR) to construct 5,000 latrines, 5,000 bathing cubicles and to decommission 2,000 unserviceable latrines in flood-prone areas; 1,000 volunteers have been mobilized to inform refugees and host communities on monsoon and cyclone seasons preparedness.

• The UNICEF appeal is currently 28 per cent funded. An additional US$103.4 million is required to fully deliver on the Rohingya response in 2018.

Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs

As of 11 February 2018, the Inter-Sector Coordination Group (ISCG) reported that almost 688,0001 Rohingya refugees have entered Bangladesh since the attacks. ISCG’s rapid needs assessment indicated that 58 per cent of new arrivals are children and 60 per cent are girls and women, including a high number of pregnant (3 per cent) and lactating women (7 per cent). The estimated total affected population of existing refugees, new arrivals and host communities is 1.2 million people. 2 This includes 720,000 affected children in need of urgent humanitarian assistance, including critical life-saving interventions.

Existing basic services for refugees and host communities have been overwhelmed due to the sudden and massive increase in population. The high population density in the settlements has increased the risk of disease outbreaks and 1.2 million people urgently require water and sanitation services. More than 17 million litres of clean water are needed daily and approximately 50,000 latrines with semi-permanent structures need to be constructed or maintained. Vaccination coverage amongst new arrivals is very low and deadly outbreaks of communicable diseases such as measles and diphtheria have already occurred. Risks of cholera outbreaks or acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) are high during monsoon season. These risks are being addressed in the flood and cyclone season preparedness plan. Urgent nutrition needs have been prioritized for children under five (including infants), pregnant and lactating women (PLW) and adolescent girls, with 3 per cent of children suffering from life-threatening severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the biggest settlement (Kutupalong). An estimated 400,000 Rohingya children are also in need of psychosocial support and other protection and education services.

Following the inter-agency Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP), covering the period from September 2017 to February 2018, the Joint Response Plan (JRP) for March-December 2018, coordinated by the ISCG is under finalization for an expected total amount of US$ 940 million. UNICEF’s 2018 Humanitarian Action for Children (HAC) was developed prior to the development of the upcoming JRP and is being revisited to ensure full alignment with the JRP.