Since 11 August 2017, heavy monsoon rains have caused intense flooding across more than one-third of Bangladesh. The Bangladesh Meteorological Department warns that heavy rainfall is expected to continue. As per the analysis by the Ministry of Disaster Management and Relief (MoDMR), the floods may be the worst in the last four decades. Incessant heavy rainfall brought by the monsoon triggered flooding in five divisions, 31 districts, 176 Upazilas and 1,173 Unions.
Findings from 72 hours-Needs Assessment were published on 21 August and they indicated that a total of about 6.9 million people (1.54 million households) have been affected by the floods. National authorities have confirmed 114 deaths and 197,416 people are temporarily displaced in 703 community shelters. As a result of the extensive floods, 77,272 houses were destroyed, 524,375 were partially damaged. Findings of the 72-hours Needs Assessment also highlighted that in northern Bangladesh, the following are the six worst-affected districts: Gaibhandha, Dinajpur, Kurigram, Jamalpur, Nilphamari, Sirajganj. In these districts, a total of 330,000 people have been displaced. Access to the most affected areas in the northwest remains a challenge as roads are either severely damaged or submerged under flood water. It is estimated that around 9,000 km of roads, 500 bridges and culverts have been damaged. Nearly 100 km of rail lines, have been severely damaged by the floods. Around 714 km of embankments have also been washed away.
The 72-hours Needs Assessment points to the importance of addressing the increased needs of food security, wash, shelter, health, education, GBV, child protection, and early recovery. In addition to the 72 hours-Needs Assessment, additional field visits and in-depth assessments are currently being conducted by several partners. Furthermore, a second 72-hours Needs Assessment is planned to take place in September 2017 to further refine some of the initial findings. Therefore, it is expected that the current HCTT plan will be revised and updated on the basis of the additional primary data that will be collected by the assessment teams.