Bangladesh

Bangladesh: Floods - Emergency Plan of Action operation update n° 3 (12-month update), Emergency appeal n° MDRBD020

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Situation Report
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A. SITUATION ANALYSIS

Description of the disaster

During the second week of August 2017, heavy monsoon rains above the seasonal average severely impacted the riverine region of India, Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh. This resulted in intense flooding in almost two-thirds of Bangladesh. Consequently, there were significant implications on people’s drinking water, access to food, damaged housing, latrines, wells, assets, and health risks. On 20 August 2017, the Disaster Response Coordination Centre (NDRCC) reported that around 6.9 million people were affected, with approximately 593,247 houses and 650,000 hectares of crops land damaged, 114 people dead and 297,254 people displaced. By 12 September 2017, the floodwaters had receded in most of the flood-affected districts.

Summary of current response

Overview of Host National Society

BDRCS district branches had been responding since day one as they were monitoring the situation and analyzing the information from Floods Forecasting and Warning Centre (FFWC). As such the district branches conducted a secondary needs assessment and information collection process in their respective areas. With support from IFRC, BDRCS initiated an online data collection process to report the data.

On 14 August 2017, BDRCS headquarters (HQ) opened an emergency control room to monitor and collect information from the field, coordinate with partners, and plan the response.

An Emergency Appeal was launched by IFRC on 24 August 2017 for CHF 4.7 million to assist 20,000 households affected by the floods for a duration of 12 months. A revised Emergency Appeal was issued on 11 November 2017 and the appeal amount was increased to CHF 4.8 million. An operation update issued on 18 June 2018 informed the extension of the operation by four months until 31 December 2018. This latest operation update informs the extension of the implementation timeframe for four months until 30 April 2019 due to a slight delay in rolling out the recovery activities.

With both local funding and IFRC Emergency Appeal funds, BDRCS has so far provided emergency assistance in two phases. The first phase was during the acute flooding and focused on the provision of food, water, shelter and basic health services. As the flood waters started to recede, the second phase was carried out and provided a more focused distribution on additional food, shelter, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and health services.