Bangladesh: Floods Emergency appeal n° MDRBD014 Operations update n° 1

Situation Report
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Disaster Situation

Since mid-August, Bangladesh has seen several rounds of flooding. Heavy rains in the main river basins and upstream catchments of India, along with continuous rainfall in northwest and north-eastern parts of Bangladesh have caused a continuously worsening flooding situation in low-lying districts, particularly those clustered around the north-west (Lalmonirhat, Kurigram, Nilphamari, Rangpur, Gaibandha, Bogra, Serajganj, Jamalpur, and Sherpur). This was followed by heavy rain induced flooding in Sunamganj, Sylhet and Netrokona in the North-east of the country and, later on, in districts in the centre of the country (Munshiganj, Tangail, Faridpur, Manikganj, Rajbari). The districts in the South (Bhola, Patuakhali, Barguna) had experienced floods since July, while districts like Feni and Chittagong had been waterlogged around the same time for several days due to heavy rains.

As per government reports, more than half a million families (2.8 million people) are affected, with 57,000 families (275,000 people) displaced. The affected include more than 33,000 families (160,000 people) whose homes have been totally inundated or destroyed. An additional 235,000 houses are reported damaged. The flooding situation has been described as the worst event hitting the country since the ‘mega floods’ in 2007. As of now, all the major rivers are on falling trend and the flood waters have started to recede. However, the recovery needs will be significant as the flood waters have damaged crops and farmland and disrupted farming practices and labour opportunities.