Bangladesh Floods Appeal No. 15/2004 Final Report

The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 181 countries.

In Brief

Appeal No. 15/2004; Interim Final Report; Period covered: 26 July 2004- 30 June 2005; Final Appeal coverage: 100.3%; (click here to go to the attached contribution list).

Appeal history:

  • Launched on 26 July 2004 for CHF 4,350,000 (USD 3,440,095 or EUR 2,844,997) to assist 1,000,000 beneficiaries for six months . (click here to go to the Appeal)

  • Operations Update No. 5 of 28 September 2004 revised the appeal budget to CHF 7,051,000, due to increased donor support, and increased the number of beneficiaries to 1,407,500 beneficiaries (281,500 families).

  • Operations Update No. 8 of 28 February 2005 extended the operation timeframe by three months to cover a nine month period from 26 July 2004 to 30 April 2005.

  • All activities under this operation were completed in mid-2005 and were reported in the Interim Final Report issued on 31 December 2005, which was reissued on 22 March 2006 with a notice for a reallocation of the balance of funds.

  • The Final Report replaces the Interim Final Report as the balance has been successfully reallocated.

  • Disaster Relief Emergency Funds (DREF) allocated: CHF 48,307.00.
Note:

All outstanding pledge issues were settled in mid-March 2006 and the balance, derived from operational savings, has been finalized. With donor consent and support, the balance has been reallocated to the Federation's Annual Appeal 2006 for Bangladesh for the objectives of capacity building and reorganization of the Bangladesh Red Crescent Society.

The main aim of this reorganization is to have a more sustainable structure and efficient human resource to meet the ongoing humanitarian challenges in Bangladesh, especially in assisting hundreds of thousands of the most vulnerable people affected by yearly disasters. The organizational development department, as part of its 2006 task and in continuation of the plan started in 2005, will assume the lead, acting as the focal point for this activity. Further reporting and updates to this activity will continue in programme updates.

Related Emergency or Annual Appeals: Annual Appeal 05AA046, South Asia Appeal 05AA051, Tsunami Emergency and Recovery Plan of Action 2005-2010 (Appeal 28/04)

Background and Summary

Bangladesh suffered serious, widespread flooding when the monsoon arrived early in June 2004. The country continued to be lashed by heavy rains through until October. Nearly 40 percent of the country was inundated, affecting 36 million people and resulting in over 700 deaths. Infrastructure and communications were damaged or disrupted and over 1 million hectares of crops were damaged or destroyed, while 1.2 million houses were damaged. A joint Asia Development Bank/World Bank assessment estimated the damage at USD 2.2 billion (CHF 2.9 billion).

In Bangladesh, where over 50 percent of the population (over 65 million people) lives below the poverty line, scarcity of food among lower socio-economic groups caused further suffering in affected districts. There were widespread shortages of safe drinking water due to tube-wells being damaged contamination of water sources. There wee reports of outbreaks of water-borne diseases such as diarrhoea, dysentery, and skin infections. The damage/destruction of crops led to price increases in essential food commodities, hitting the poor particularly hard.

Immediately with the onset of the monsoon, the Bangladesh Red Crescent Society (BDRCS) utilised its strategic buffer stocks. These consisted of family kits, BP5 high protein biscuits and food packets. This allowed for the provision or rapid emergency assistance to 12,000 families in flood-affected districts before the launch of the emergency appeal. Realizing the importance of the strategic buffer stocks, the replenishment of these was included in the emergency appeal. BDRCS distric t branches also provided emergency assistance to affected populations from their own resources.

The beneficiaries of this relief and rehabilitation operation were the most vulnerable who had been severely affected by the flooding. They had been displaced, lost all their food stocks, crops and belongings. The most vulnerable were also defined as those without sufficient capacity to recover from the disaster without external assistance such as the elderly. The BDRCS adhered to its Disaster Relief Field Manual and Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and NGOs in disaster relief. Beneficiary selection was carried through door-to-door surveys (among displaced population living on river embankments, chars, roadsides, schools) in order to ensure the most affected population was reached. Particular emphasis was given to the most vulnerable categories of the population such as women and children, elderly, disabled and single -headed households. Accompanied by the BDRCS relief coordinator, relief delegates regularly travel to flood-affected areas to assist branches to identify beneficiaries, advise on storage facilities and supervise and monitor distribution of the relief materials.

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

- Bangladesh Red Crescent Society: A.S.M. Akram (acting secretary-general); email: bdrcs@bangla.net; Phone: +88.02.933.7314

- Federation country delegation In Bangladesh: Selvaratnam Sinnadurai (head of delegation); email: selvaratnam.sinnadurai@ifrc.org; Phone: +88.01.7162.1615; Fax: +88.02.934.1631

- Federation regional delegation in India: Bob McKerrow (head of regional delegation); email: bob.mckerrow@ifrc.org; Phone: +91.11.2411.1125

- Federation Secretariat in Geneva: Hiroto Oyama (regional officer, Asia Pacific department); email: hiroto.oyama@ifrc.org; Phone: +41.22.73.4273; Fax: +41.22.733.0395; or Nelly Khrabraya (regional officer, Asia Pacific department); email: nelly.khrabraya@ifrc.org; Phone: +41.22.730.4306; Fax: +41.22.733.0395

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO's) in Disaster Relief and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response (Sphere) in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable.

For longer-term programmes in this or other countries or regions, please refer to the Federation's Annual Appeal. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for national society profiles, please also access the Federation's website at http://www.ifrc.org

For longer-term programmes, please refer to the Federation's Annual Appeal.

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