Bangladesh: Cyclone Sidr Emergency Appeal No. MDRBD003 Operations Update No. 13

Situation Report
Originally published


GLIDE No: TC-2007-000208-BGD

Period covered by this Operations Update: 1 February to 30 April 2009.

This Emergency Appeal seeks CHF 24,483,160 (USD 22.2 million or EUR 15 million) in cash, kind, or services to support the Bangladesh Red Crescent Society to assist 243,000 families (1,215,000 beneficiaries) over two years.

Appeal coverage: 80%;

A Preliminary Appeal was launched for CHF 3,989,305 on 16 November 2007 to mobilize immediate relief assistance.

CHF 250,000 was allocated from the Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support this operation. Unearmarked funds to replenish DREF are encouraged.

This operation is to be implemented over a two-year period and is expected to be completed by November 2009. A Final Report will be made available three months after the end of the operation.


The Cyclone Sidr battered the south-western coastal region of Bangladesh affecting 8.9 million people of 2
million families in 200 upazillas (subdistricts) of 30 districts. The cyclone destroyed 1,522,077 households'
livelihood. A year and a half after its devastation, the survivors coping through community resilience provided
by the Sidr operation as well as from external aid from the Bangladesh government and other humanitarian
organizations working towards restoring the affected population through early recovery and mid-term recovery

The Bangladesh Red Crescent Society (BDRCS), with the International Federation, is continuing the Cyclone
Sidr recovery operation with an objective to assist targeted affected communities through a participatory,
coordinated, integrated and sustainable approach to recovery. This aims to improve the capacity and living
conditions of households and support the most vulnerable people to become more resilient to future disasters
by the end of 2009. After completing relief distribution to 83,830 families in 13 affected districts, the integrated
recovery operation is now focusing on the four most affected districts of Bagerhat, Barguna (2B), Patuakhali
and Pirojpur (2P).

The recovery operation, though moving slowly in the beginning, has now gained momentum. The unit recovery
structures mentioned in earlier reports are functioning well except in Pirojpur district. In Pirojpur, there has
been a change in unit executive committee members, with the outgoing members filing litigations against the
unit. These transitions and internal conflicts have not yet been resolved.

The general survey, technical verification and beneficiary selection have been done in all four districts for both
shelter objectives 1 and 2 (living in a basic shelter and reparation of partially-damaged houses). The
beneficiary list has been published and an opportunity given for complaints, following which it will be put before
the unit recovery committee for final approval. Hence, the beneficiaries are selected in a fully participatory and
transparent manner with a view to ensure that Red Cross Red Crescent assistance reaches only the most
vulnerable and needy people.

While construction of core shelters has started in all four districts, training for beneficiaries and tool-kit
distributions are going on as well. A total of 46 core shelters have already been handed over to beneficiaries by
the end of April 2009, with over 180 shelters to be handed over by the end of May 2009. The entire Shelter
programme, including 1,250 core shelters construction, one-off cash grant distribution, shelter maintenance
training and tool kits distribution for about 5,000 families is expected to be completed by the end of November

The Water & Sanitation programme too is gaining pace now, with technical verification completed in all 12
clusters, and beneficiaries selected accordingly. A total of 1,113 latrines have already been installed by the end
of this reporting period, and many more are in process. Work orders for the supply of materials for 3,686
latrines have already been signed, and call for bids for an additional 3,627 latrines issued. Water point cleaning
and arsenic testing will soon begin, while hygiene promotion activities have already started. A ten day PHAST
(Participatory Hygiene And Sanitation Transformation) training for 25 BDRCS volunteers and staffs was held in
Barisal in the first week of April.

Under the Psychosocial Support Programme (PSP), 15 training sessions for 436 volunteers (including CPP) in
eight districts have been completed. This constitutes approximately 90% of the set target. As of April 2009,
capacity of 22 psychologists has been enhanced as master trainers in communities. The trainer's manual,
contextualized to the country context has been finalized.

The Health programme however could not implement any activity during this period as approval for the revised
proposal from the BDRCS management has been pending for a long time now. As the earlier programme
proposal was rejected by the BDRCS, a revised proposal has been prepared based on review and assessment
by the International Federation's Barisal and Dhaka health teams.

By the end of this reporting period, the livelihood programme has already selected 2,756 families for receiving
cash grants based on the proposal to start income generating or livelihood activities, after an extensive
assessment, verifications and social rankings. The selection process for the remaining beneficiaries is on
going. Once beneficiaries are given cash grant, they are also provided technical advice, and a periodic
monitoring is done by IFRC/BDRCS staff and volunteers to ensure that the given assistance is utilised for the
intended purpose. A detailed implementation guideline has also been prepared.

The Plan of Action (PoA) is in process of revision and will be finalised in May 2009. The basic idea of reviewing
the plan of action is to make it more realistic with achievable outcomes given the resources and time frame

The operation is being closely monitored to ensure that all major activities by the end of November 2009, within
the timeframe set by the Emergency Appeal. A review is being planned to meet these targets.

The Federation had also commissioned an internal review of the Sidr operation. The review team comprised of
four members (Swedish RC as the team leader, Federation delegation Pakistan, BDRCS and Federation
delegation Dhaka). The review has recommended some improvements and corrective measures in the
operation which will be incorporated in the revised plan of action.

Since the launch of the Appeal, international response has been positive. However, there is still a need for further contributions to enable BDRCS/Federation to deliver the planned assistance as laid out in this Appeal. We would like to take this opportunity to thank all of those who have contributed orpledged to this Appeal.