Bangladesh

Bangladesh - Cyclone May 1994 UN DHA Information Reports 1-4

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published


DHA-GENEVA 94/0160
BANGLADESH - CYCLONE
DHA-GENEVA ALERT
2 MAY 1994

1. POWERFUL CYCLONE PROGRESSING BANGLADESH FROM BAY OF BENGAL WITH WINDSPEEDS UP TO 210 KM/H. EXPECTED TO LAND EARLY EVENING GMT.

2. PREPARATIONS MADE TO EVACUATE HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE. NEVERTHELESS HUGE DAMAGE EXPECTED FROM STORM AND FLOODS.

3. AUTHORITIES HAVE ISSUED ALERTS. SHIPS MOVING OUT OF PORTS OF CHITTAGONG AND MONGLA AND NATIONAL AIRLINE CANCELLED FLIGHTS TO CHITTAGONG.

4. UN RESIDENT COORDINATOR AND DHA REPRESENTATIVE HAS ALERTED UN DISASTER MANAGEMENT TEAM AND OTHER DONORS AND WILL MEET EARLY TOMORROW.

DEPARTMENT OF HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS

DHA-GENEVA 94/0161

BANGLADESH CYCLONE
DHA-GENEVA INFORMATION REPORT NO.1
3 MAY 1994

1. CYCLONE STRUCK MOST SEVERELY IN VERY DENSELY POPULATED ISLANDS NEAR COX'S BAZAR (ST. MARTINS ISLAND AND TEKNAF). WINDS REPORTED UP TO 220 KM/H AT TEKNAF. PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT INDICATES HEAVY STRUCTURAL DAMAGE TO BUILDINGS AND ROADS AS WELL AS LIFESTOCK AND CROPS.

2. UNHCR HAS VISITED SOME OF THEIR REFUGEE CAMPS IN COX'BAZAR AND REPORTED SO FAR 9 DEAD, 26 INJURED AND DAMAGE UP TO 95 PER CENT OF THE INFRASTRUCTURE.

3. GOVERNMENTAL ASSESSMENT TEAMS ARE PRESENTLY IN THE AFFECTED AREA TO EVALUATE THE SITUATION. SEVERAL HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS HAD BEEN EVACUATED ON MONDAY 2 MAY 1994 TO SAVE AREAS. RELIEF OPERATIONS IN THE STRICKEN AREAS ARE ON THE WAY.

4. DHA PUT AN UNITED NATIONS DISASTER ASSESSMENT AND COORDINATION (UNDAC) TEAM ON STAND-BY FOR IMMEDIATE DISPATCH TO BANGLADESH, IF NECESSARY.

DEPARTMENT OF HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS

TELEPHONE NO. +41-22-917.1234
FAX. +41-22-917.0023
TELEX: 414242 DHA CH
ELECTRONIC MAIL: DIALCOM 141: DHAGVA
EMERGENCY TEL. NO. (OUTSIDE WORKING HOURS): +41-22-917.2010

CONTACT PERSON: MR. RUDOLF MUELLER,
DIRECT TEL. NO.: +41-22-917.3274

DHA-GENEVA 94/0162

BANGLADESH - CYCLONE
DHA-GENEVA INFORMATION REPORT NO 2
3 MAY 1994

SITUATION

1. SEVERE CYCLONE HIT COX'S BAZAR DISTRICT OF BANGLADESH BEGINNING 1700 HRS ON MONDAY 2 MAY 1994 AT ST. MARTINS ISLAND AND TEKNAF REGION. IT CONTINUED NORTHWARD AFFECTING KUTUBDIA AND MOHESKHALI ISLAND. ACCORDING TO FIRST ASSESSMENT, THE MINISTRY OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT AND RELIEF OF BANGLADESH INDICATE THE FOLLOWING EFFECTS ON INFRASTRUCTURE AND ECONOMIC ACTIVITY: (DAMAGED OR TOTALLY DESTROYED) BY REGION:

TEKNAF REGION
HOUSES: 95 - 100 PER CENT
TREES: 95 PER CENT
CROPS (WINTER RICE, BETEL LEAF): 100 PER CENT
SALT PAN: 90 PER CENT

COX'S BAZAR REGION
HOUSES: 25 - 35 PER CENT
CROPS: 50 PER CENT
TREES: 15 - 30 PER CENT

KUTUBDIA ISLAND
CROPS: 50 PER CENT

MOHESKHALI ISLAND
HOUSES: 35 - 55 PER CENT
LIVESTOCK: 5 PER CENT
FISHING BOATS: 25 PER CENT

2. GOVERNMENT PRELIMINARY REPORTS INDICATE 150 DEATHS, 150,000 PERSONS HOMELESS AND 400,000 EVACUATED TO SAFER AREAS. ESPECIALLY AFFECTED IS THROHINGA REFUGEE CAMP POPULATION (196,000) AND THE POPULATION OF ST. MARTIN'S ISLAND (5,500). ROADS LINKING COX'S BAZAR WITH TEKNAF ARE BLOCKED BY FALLEN TREES AND HAMPERING ACCESS TO SOME AREAS.

NATIONAL RESPONSE:

3. THE PRIME MINISTER'S OFFICE AND THE MINISTRY OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT AND RELIEF ARE THE FOCAL POINT FOR THE OVERALL PLANNING AND COORDINATION OF DAMAGE ASSESSMENT AND RELIEF OPERATIONS.

4. GOVERNMENT OF BANGLADESH HAS MOBILIZED ITS DEFENCE FORCES TO SUPPORT RELIEF OPERATIONS IN AFFECTED REGIONS. GOVERNMENT RELIEF CONVOYS WERE SENT TO THE AREA LAST NIGHT WITH FOOD. LOCAL GOVERNMENT DAMAGE ASSESSMENT TEAMS ARE GATHERING INFORMATION IN THE AFFECTED AREAS.

INTERNATIONAL RESPONSE:

5. UNHCR IS AT PRESENT ASSESSING, TOGETHER WITH MSF, THE SITUATION IN THEIR REFUGEE CAMPS IN THE COX'S BAZAR REGION. UNHCR HAS PRE- POSITIONED RELIEF ITEMS. MSF IS PREPARING AN EMERGENCY CARGO WITH REQUIRED MATERIAL. UNHCR INDICATES THE FOLLOWING NEEDS TO BE COVERED FOR THEIR REFUGEE CAMPS:

- PLASTIC SHEETING
- REHYDRATION SALTS
- BLANKETS
- CLOTHING
- DRY FOOD

6. UNICEF HAS SENT AN ASSESSMENT TEAM TOWARDS TEKNAF ALONG WITH A CONVOY OF RELIEF SUPPLIES WITH FOOD, DRINKING WATER AND PLASTIC SHEETING.

7. UN DHA DISPATCHED ON 3 MAY 1994 AN ADVANCE GROUP OF THE UNDAC TEAM, FOLLOWING CONSULTATION WITH UNDP OFFICE IN DHAKA, TO ASSIST IN ASSESSMENT AND COORDINATION OF RELIEF ACTIVITIES. MEMBERS OF THE TEAM ARE ON STAND-BY READY FOR IMMEDIATE DISPATCH, IF REQUIRED.

8. UNDP HAS PROCURED LOCALLY AND DISPATCHED A NUMBER OF RELIEF SUPPLIES, SUCH AS PLASTIC WATER CONTAINERS, PLASTIC SHEETS, WATER PURIFICATION TABLETS, ETC. AND IS IN CLOSE CONTACT WITH GOVERNMENT AUTHORITIES. NO REQUEST FOR INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE HAS YET BEEN MADE .

DEPARTMENT OF HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS

TELEPHONE NO: +41-22-917.12.34
EMERGENCY TEL. NO. (OUTSIDE WORKING HOURS): +41-22-917.20.10

DESK OFFICER: MR. RUDOLF MULLER, DIRECT TEL: +41-22-917.31.74
PRESS TO CONTACT: M. SKANDRANI, DIRECT TEL: +41-22-917.31.14

TELEX: 414242 DHA CH
FAX: +41-22-917.00.23
ELECTRONIC MAIL: UNIENET DIALCOM 141: DHAGVA

DHA-GENEVA 94/0163

BANGLADESH - CYCLONE
DHA-INFORMATION REPORT NO 3
4 MAY 1994

SITUATION UPDATE

1. MAIN AREA OF DAMAGE CAUSED BY CYCLONE ON 2 MAY 1994, IS LOCATED SOUTH OF COX'S BAZAR COVERING TEKNAF UPAZILA (POPULATION 17,000) AND UKHIA UPAZILA (POPULATION 89,000). THE WORST AFFECTED REGION IS THE WESTERN HALF OF UKHIA AND ALL OF TEKNAF (SEVERE DAMAGE TO HOUSES). EASTERN HALF OF UKHIA IS MODERATELY AFFECTED (HOUSES DO NOT REQUIRE RECONSTRUCTION BUT ONLY LOCAL ROOFING MATERIALS).

2. NATIONAL AUTHORITIES PUT THE DEATH TOLL AT PRESENT AT SOME 130 (INCLUDING REFUGEES), 7,000 INJURED PERSONS AND AT LEAST 500,000 PERSONS HOMELESS (INCLUDING 100,000 REFUGEES).

3. UNHCR REPORTS THAT IN THEIR REFUGEE CAMPS 37 PERSONS DIED AND 637 WERE INJURED. CAMP DESTRUCTION VARIES FROM 5O TO 100 PER CENT.

4. BETEL LEAF CROPS IN TEKNAF APPEAR TO BE COMPLETELY DESTROYED AND ALL BANANA TREES AND SOME COCONUT TREES HAVE BEEN UPROOTED.

5. WATER SOURCE CONTAMINATION OR DAMAGE TO WATER SUPPLY REPORTED TO BE VERY LIMITED. SHRIMP FARMS IN THESE AREAS APPEAR NOT TO BE UNAFFECTED.

NATIONAL RESPONSE

6. MINISTRY OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT AND RELIEF OPERATIONS IS FINALIZING ASSESSMENT REPORTS UPON WHICH THE GOVERNMENT WILL DECIDE WHETHER TO REQUEST INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE.

7. SOME 30,000 RELIEF VOLUNTEERS STARTED CLEARING ROADS AND DISTRIBUTING EMERGENCY FOOD AND MEDICAL SUPPLIES.

INTERNATIONAL RESPONSE

8. DHA UNDAC TEAM ARRIVED IN DHAKA AND IS IN CLOSE CONTACT WITH UNDP, DONOR STATES, GOVERNMENTAL AND NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS.

DEPARTMENT OF HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS

TELEPHONE NO: +41-22-917.12.34
EMERGENCY TEL. NO. (OUTSIDE WORKING HOURS): +41-22-917.20.10

DESK OFFICER: MR. RUDOLF MULLER, DIRECT TEL: +41-22-917.31.74
PRESS TO CONTACT: M. SKANDRANI, DIRECT TEL: +41-22-917.31.14

TELEX: 414242 DHA CH
FAX: +41-22-917.00.23
ELECTRONIC MAIL: UNIENET DIALCOM 141: DHAGVA

DHA-GENEVA 94/0170

BANGLADESH - CYCLONE
DHA-INFORMATION REPORT NO 4
13 MAY 1994

SITUATION UPDATE

1. A CYCLONE WITH A VELOCITY OF 210 KM PER HOUR STRUCK THE COASTAL AREA OF COX'S BAZAR AT 0600 P.M. ON 2 MAY 1994. THE DISTRICTS OF COX'S BAZAR AND BANDARBAN SUFFERED EXTENSIVE DAMAGE.

2. SINCE THE CYCLONE HIT AT LOW TIDE AND DUE TO THE EARLY WARNING AND SUBSEQUENT EVACUATION OF ABOUT 450,000 PEOPLE, THE LOSS OF LIFE WAS MINIMAL. ACCORDING TO OFFICIAL ESTIMATES 133 (INCLUDING 84 REFUGEES) DIED AND 3,559 WERE INJURED.

3. DAMAGE TO AGRICULTURE: 23,986 ACRES COMPLETELY DESTROYED WITH PARTIAL DAMAGE TO 57,912 ACRES. 1,296 HEAD OF CATTLE AND LIVESTOCK, AND 9,254 POULTRY WERE LOST.

4. DAMAGE TO INFRASTRUCTURE: 52,097 HOUSES WERE DESTROYED AND 17,476 SUFFERED PARTIAL DAMAGE. 169 KM OF ROADS, 97 KM OF EMBANKMENTS AND 83 BRIDGES WERE DAMAGED, 96 EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTES WERE DESTROYED AND 98 WERE DAMAGED, 3 RELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONS WERE FULLY DESTROYED AND 25 WERE PARTIALLY DAMAGED.

5. PRELIMINARY ESTIMATE OF LOSSES AMOUNTS TO USD 75 MILLION.

NATIONAL RESPONSE

6. THE GOVERNMENT OF BANGLADESH DISTRIBUTED FOOD (WHEAT, RICE BREAD, BISCUITS, ETC), AS WELL AS CLOTHING AND OTHER RELIEF ITEMS TO THE AFFECTED POPULATION.

7. FOR THE FIRST TIME, FOLLOWING A SIGNIFICANT NATURAL DISASTER, THE GOVERNMENT OF BANGLADESH IS ABLE TO MEET ALL EMERGENCY NEEDS FROM DOMESTIC RESOURCES AND, THEREFORE DID NOT MAKE A REQUEST FOR INTERNATIONAL EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE.

8. THE FOREIGN SECRETARY OF BANGLADESH INFORMED THAT INDIVIDUAL MINISTRIES WOULD PURSUE PROPOSALS THROUGH NORMAL GOVERNMENTAL CHANNELS FOR THE FINANCING OF DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS SUCH AS CONSTRUCTION OF ADDITIONAL MULTI-PURPOSE CYCLONE SHELTERS, SPECIAL HOUSES IN CYCLONE-PRONE AREAS, REHABILITATION OF AGRICULTURE AND FORESTS, AS WELL AS STRENGTHENING OF THE EXISTING DISASTER PREPAREDNESS SYSTEM.

INTERNATIONAL RESPONSE

9. FOLLOWING AN INITIAL NEEDS ASSESSMENT, UNHCR DISTRIBUTED PREPOSITIONED RELIEF SUPPLIES AND PROCURED ITEMS LOCALLY FOR THEIR REFUGEE CAMPS. IN ADDITION, UNHCR HAS MADE AVAILABLE TO THE GOVERNMENT OF BANGLADESH USD 25,000 FROM ITS EMERGENCY RELIEF FUND. FURTHERMORE, A PARTIAL RE-ALLOCATION WILL BE MADE FROM FUNDS AVAILABLE TO THE GOB FOR DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS, DEPENDING ON THE NEEDS OF VICTIMS IN THE AFFECTED AREAS.

10. IFRC IN ITS PLAN OF ACTION WILL CONCENTRATE ON PROCUREMENT AND DISTRIBUTION OF EMERGENCY FOOD RATIONS TO THE MOST VULNERABLE FAMILIES, UNDERTAKE A SHORT-TERM EMERGENCY MEDICAL PROGRAMME AND RESTORE FOOD DISTRIBUTION INFRASTRUCTURES IN THE REFUGEE CAMPS.

11. AFTER CONSULTATIONS WITH THE UN RESIDENT COORDINATOR, UNHCR, REPRESENTATIVES OF DONOR COUNTRIES AND NGOS, DHA UNDAC ADVANCE TEAM RETURNED FROM MISSION IN BANGLADESH.

12. THIS IS THE LAST INFORMATION REPORT FOR THIS EMERGENCY UNLESS THERE ARE UNFORESEEN DEVELOPMENTS.

DEPARTMENT OF HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS

TELEPHONE NO: +41-22-917.12.34
EMERGENCY TEL. NO. (OUTSIDE WORKING HOURS): +41-22-917.20.10

DESK OFFICER: R. MUELLER, DIRECT TEL: +41-22-917. 3274
PRESS TO CONTACT: M. SKANDRANI, DIRECT TEL: +41-22-917.31.14

TELEX: 414242 DHA CH
FAX: +41-22-917.00.23
ELECTRONIC MAIL: UNIENET DIALCOM 141: DHAGVA

DPR 310 BGD