Bangladesh

Bangladesh Appeal No. 15/2004 Floods Operations Update No. 5

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In Brief

Appeal No. 15/2004; Operations Update no. 5; Period covered: 8-21 September 2004; Appeal coverage 160%; Revised Appeal coverage: 89.5%; (click here to go directly to the attached Contributions List, also available on the website).

Appeal history: Launched on 26 July 2004 for CHF 4,350,000 (USD 3,440,095 or EUR 2,844,997) to assist one million beneficiaries. Due to the overwhelming positive response, the appeal was revised on 6 September 2004 and seeks to assist 1,407,500 beneficiaries (281,500 families) for six months. Following the exceptionally strong response to the appeal (CHF 7, 051,000), the point of action has been revised in this operations update to include the additional activity of monitoring and evaluation.

Outstanding needs: CHF 737,000 (USD 584,239 or EUR 474,980) Related Emergency or Annual Appeals: Annual Appeal 01.56/2004

Operational Summary:

The country is still recovering from the July/August floods. There was further flash flooding last week in the southeast and central part of the country due to renewed heavy rainfalls. The capital Dhaka experienced its heaviest rainfall in 50 years with 341 millimeters falling on 12 September alone. Following the most recent rains, river embankments at Feni and Comilla burst, displacing thousands of people from their homes. At least 30 people died during the current onslaught of flash floods. According to the Flood Forecast Warning Centre (FFWC) bulletin of 20 September the prevailing rain-fed flood situation in southwestern districts may remain unchanged and flash flood situation in Comilla is likely to improve. All the rivers except one are flowing below danger levels. The Bangladesh Red Crescent Society (BDRCS) has allocated an emergency grant to the Feni district branch to provide emergency assistance. BDRCS district branches are also providing emergency assistance to the affected population from their own limited resources. Two joint BDRCS/Federation assessment team returned on 21 September after conducting rapid damage and need assessment in the areas affected by the current flash floods. On 22 September the Federation allocated CHF 44,000 for providing immediate assistance in the above districts affected by the current flooding.

Background

The monsoon arrived early in June. Persistent and exceptionally heavy rainfall augmented by torrential river flows (coming from Nepal, India and Bhutan) and accelerated snow and ice melts from the Himalayas, contributed to severe flooding. A total of 43 of Bangladesh's 64 districts have been affected. Thirty six million people (over 25 percent of the population) have been affected by this disaster and over 700 were killed.

There has been further flash flooding in the past week due to exceptionally heavy rainfall in the south-eastern and central parts of the country. Dhaka has experienced its heaviest rainfalls in 50 years with 341 millimetres falling on 12 September alone. The rains led to embankments at Feni and Comilla bursting, displacing thousands of people.

BDRCS has allocated emergency grant of Taka 30,000 to the Feni district branch to provide emergency assistance to affected people. BDRCS district branches are also providing emergency assistance to the affected population from their own limited resources. Two joint BDRCS/Federation assessment teams returned on 21 September after conducting rapid damage and needs assessment in the areas affected by the current flash floods. The assessment team's reports confirm severe flash flooding in nine south-eastern districts. The Federation allocated CHF 44,000 on 22 September for the provision of immediate assistance in the nine districts.

The country is still recovering from heavy floods of July/August floods in July and August. Apart from the recently affected districts, the situation continues to improve with water receding. The FFWC bulletin of 21 September states that the prevailing rain-fed flood situation in south-western districts may remain unchanged and the flash flood situation in Comilla is likely to improve. All rivers except one are flowing below danger levels.

The security situation has improved after earlier disturbances following the 22 August bombings at a political rally in Dhaka. However the political situation remains tense. Multi-sector efforts continue to bring relief aid and rehabilitation for flood-affected people despite the in the political and civil disturbances.

Current Situation

Total Affected Districts
43
Number of Affected Upazila (Region)
266
Number of Affected Unions
2,492
Affected Families
7,468,128
Affected Population
36,337,944
Reported Deaths
747
Number of Livestock Death
15,143
Crops Destroyed
1,605,958 acres
Crops Damaged (Partially)
1,038,176 acres
Houses Destroyed
894,954
Houses damaged (Partially)
3,389,101
Road Network Destroyed
14,271 km
Road Network Damaged (Partially)
45,528 km
Bridges and Culverts Damaged
5,478
Embankment Damaged
3,158 km
Schools Destroyed
1,295
Schools Damaged (Partially)
24,276

Operational developments

BDRCS continues to maintain close contacts with all its district branches. With the Federation it has established a taskforce in order to further strengthen the operational activities of BDRCS national headquarters (NHQ) during the monsoon season. The emergency flood relief control room at BDRCS NHQ was opened for better coordination and information sharing with the district units and other stakeholders.

Accompanied by the BDRCS relief coordinator, the relief delegate is traveling regularly to flood-affected areas to assist Red Crescent branches to identify beneficiaries, advise on storage facilitie s and supervise distribution of the relief items.

Bangladesh Red Crescent Society: A.F.M. Obaidur Rahman, Secretary General, email: bdrcs@bangla.net , phone: +88 02 933 7314

Federation Delegation in Bangladesh: Tony Maryon, Head of Delegation, email: ifrcbd03@ifrc.org; phone: +88 02 831 5401-2, Mobile: + 88 0171 521 615, fax: +88 02 934 1631

For regional overview, contact Bob McKerrow, Head of Regional Delegation, South Asia, New Delhi. Phone +91 11 2685 8671, mobile +91 98 1000 1534, email - ifrcin02@ifrc.org

In Geneva: Asia-Pacific Department; Suzana Jekic, email: suzana.jekic@ifrc.org ; phone: +41 22 730 4353 and Ewa Eriksson, email: ewa.eriksson@ ifrc.org ; phone +41 22 730 4252.

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for a full description of the national society profile, please access the Federation's website at http://www.ifrc.org

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