Bahamas + 5 more

The Caribbean - Hurricanes Fact Sheet #6, Fiscal Year (FY) 2005

Attachments

Note: This report updates the last fact sheet dated October 20, 2004.

NUMBERS AT A GLANCE
SOURCE
Haiti 300,000 people affected OCHA1 - October 1
Grenada 100,000 people affected OCHA - October 1
Bahamas 8,000 people affected IFRC2 - October 4
Jamaica 19,000 people evacuated to shelters ODPEM3 - September 23
Dominican Republic 38,000 people displaced OCHA - September 21
Cuba 8,000 people displaced IFRC - September 29

Total USAID/OFDA Humanitarian Assistance to the Caribbean: $9,045,937

Total U.S. Government (USG) Humanitarian Assistance to the Caribbean: $22,576,847

CURRENT SITUATION

USAID/OFDA Staff in the Caribbean

A USAID/OFDA regional advisor remains in Haiti to coordinate with international and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). USAID/OFDA consultants continue to assist with follow-up hurricane response activities in Grenada, the Bahamas, and Jamaica.

Haiti

From September 22 to October 26, the U.N. World Food Program (WFP) and CARE distributed a total of 2,118 metric tons (MT) of food assistance to beneficiaries in Gonaïves and surrounding areas.

General food distributions are scheduled to end during the first week of November, after which targeted distributions will start to vulnerable groups. WFP and CARE have established vulnerability criteria for the targeted distributions, including flood-related and structural vulnerability factors.

OXFAM is presently operating 24 water reservoirs and controlling water quality at 10 different locations daily in Gonaïves. In addition, a team of water experts from the Spanish Red Cross installed two public drinking water fountains in the vicinity of the 150-bed field hospital run by the Norwegian Red Cross.

The U.N. Children's Fund (UNICEF) is working in Gonaïves and focusing efforts on education, protection, water and sanitation, as well as health in coordination with the U.N. World Health Organization (WHO).

A team of Mexican medical professionals completed initial vector control activities in Gonaïves on October 22, twice fumigating an area of 1,240 hectares and killing all adult mosquitoes. The team noted, however, additional treatments will be required to kill larvae after 15 days.

Grenada

According to the USAID/OFDA consultant in Grenada on October 23, the general health situation on the island is good, and vector control activities are being conducted due to the increase in the number of mosquitoes.

As of October 23, 9 schools are serving as shelters for approximately 190 people. Samaritan's Purse is building houses in St. David Parish to help relocate people from that parish. The general population has also begun the process of rehabilitating homes where possible, some using new materials, others using salvaged materials.

As of October 23, a total of 65 schools are functioning-18 secondary and 47 primary schools.

The damage assessment process is continuing using the form designed by USAID/OFDA. The U.N. Development Program (UNDP) is securing experts to assist with the development of a comprehensive survey instrument and database to analyze information and support the process of determining needs.

Running water has generally been restored, with St. David's Parish the last to have water services reestablished. The Grenada Electricity Company, Ltd. continues to restore power using isolated generators in a node system. The cellular telephone system remains the primary means of communications, but landlines are being reconnected daily.

USG ASSISTANCE

Haiti

On September 21, U.S. Ambassador to Haiti James B. Foley issued a disaster declaration due to the magnitude of the effects of Tropical Storm Jeanne in the Artibonite and North-West departments of Haiti.

To date, USAID/OFDA has contributed a total of more than $5.4 million to fund emergency activities and relief supplies in Haiti. USAID/OFDA provided an initial $50,000 through USAID/Haiti to CARE for the distribution of relief items. USAID/OFDA then funded more than $5.1 million toward humanitarian response activities to be implemented by Air Serv International, CARE, Catholic Relief Services (CRS), IFRC, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), World Concern, WFP, and World Vision in the areas of logistics and air support, health, shelter, water and sanitation, and cash-for-work clean-up activities. All of Gonaïves' 200,000 residents will benefit indirectly from the cash-for work projects, as cleaning up the city will reduce the risk of disease and increase mobility. In addition, on October 21, USAID/OFDA provided nearly $350,000 to UNICEF to rehabilitate the cold chain infrastructure in Gonaïves.

During the response to the flooding, USAID/OFDA airlifted 300 rolls of plastic sheeting, 5,005 water containers, and 3,660 hygiene kits to Port-au-Prince. The plastic sheeting will provide shelter for an estimated 9,000 residents, the water jugs will serve the needs of more than 12,500 people, and the hygiene kits will supply more than 18,000 people. USAID/OFDA also airlifted 10 emergency medical kits and 2 trauma kits, which arrived in Haiti on October 6. The central Haitian pharmacy, PROMESS, and several NGOs have received the kits in Gonaïves and the Artibonite Region. Each medical kit will serve the needs of 10,000 beneficiaries for 3 months, or a total of 100,000 people. The value of all the relief commodities including transport is more than $250,000.

In order to meet emergency food needs, USAID's Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) provided 4,196 MT of P.L. 480 Title II emergency food assistance, valued at approximately $3.3 million, to WFP. USAID's cooperating partners, including CARE, are currently distributing food commodities in Haiti.

USAID's Office of Transition Initiatives (USAID/OTI) in Haiti has expanded programs in Gonaïves in response to Tropical Storm Jeanne and provided $56,750 through the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the Ministry of Public Works, Transportation, and Communication to increase the amount of potable water available to residents by initiating the rehabilitation of the city's water system and making minor improvements to roads used by water supply trucks.

USAID's Bureau for Latin American and the Caribbean (USAID/LAC) has also contributed approximately $2.6 million in hurricane assistance for reconstruction and rehabilitation of homes, roads, irrigation equipment, and water and sanitation systems.

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) provided $235,000 to purchase medical supplies and pharmaceuticals for Gonaïves Hospital, as well as an additional $66,637 through the local Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Haiti office for hospital clean up activities. DHHS/CDC also provided a fourperson team of epidemiologists to establish clinic- and community-based surveillance for vector and water and sanitation related diseases and to reinforce safe water interventions in Gonaïves.

Grenada

On September 8, U.S. Chargé d'Affaires Mary Ellen Gilroy issued a disaster declaration for Grenada due to the damage caused by Hurricane Ivan. In response, USAID/OFDA has provided a total of more than $2.3 million in emergency assistance to hurricane-affected areas of Grenada.

USAID/OFDA provided $100,000 to the U.S. Embassy in Bridgetown to support the local purchase and distribution of emergency relief supplies, in-country air transport, and aerial assessments of affected areas. USAID/OFDA also provided $150,000 to PAHO to support health services and damaged infrastructure, as well as approximately $35,000 to fund expert assessments of Grenada's electrical system. In response to the U.N. Flash Appeal, USAID/OFDA provided $400,000 to the UNDP to promote livelihoods restoration and $600,000 to the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) for short-term food security projects. USAID/OFDA has also provided approximately $312,000 to Samaritan's Purse for temporary shelter construction.

In addition, USAID/OFDA funded 6 flights of emergency relief supplies to Grenada, carrying 1,060 rolls of plastic sheeting, 4 water bladders, 8,334 hygiene kits, 10,160 water containers, 1 high-capacity water purification unit, and 12 chainsaws for debris removal, as well as 20 generators to be used by the Grenada Electricity Company, Ltd. and PAHO in areas of the island without electricity. The value of these items plus transportation is nearly $750,000.

USAID/LAC has also contributed approximately $3.7 million in hurricane reconstruction assistance to Grenada directed towards health clinic rehabilitation, assistance to small businesses, and self-help housing.

Bahamas

On September 5, U.S. Ambassador to the Bahamas John D. Rood declared a disaster due to the effects of Hurricane Frances. Under this declaration, USAID/OFDA also provided assistance to areas impacted by Hurricane Jeanne. Caribbean Hurricanes - October 27, 2004

In response to Hurricane Frances and Hurricane Jeanne, USAID/OFDA provided a total of nearly $445,000 in emergency assistance to the Bahamas. This amount includes $100,000 provided to the U.S. Embassy in Nassau to support local air transport and distribution of emergency relief supplies, as well as $50,000 to the Bahamas Red Cross for emergency relief activities on the islands of Abaco and Grand Bahama.

In addition, USAID/OFDA dispatched 6 airlifts of emergency relief supplies to the Bahamas, carrying 4,000 blankets, 4,464 hygiene kits, 4,800 water containers, 400 rolls of plastic sheeting, 12 water bladders, and 1 highcapacity water purification unit. The value of the airlifted items plus transport totals nearly $300,000.

Jamaica

On September 12, U.S. Ambassador to Jamaica Sue M. Cobb issued a disaster declaration due to the damage caused by Hurricane Ivan. In response, USAID/OFDA provided more than $705,000 in emergency assistance to hurricane-affected areas. This total includes $25,000 provided to the Jamaica Red Cross for shelter operations and $25,000 to the Salvation Army for relief activities, as well as nearly $248,000 to World Vision for the purchase and transportation of relief commodities, including medical supplies, hygiene kits, and plastic sheeting. USAID/OFDA also provided $25,000 to USAID/Jamaica for the local procurement of water tanks and $150,000 to PAHO to support health services and infrastructure repairs.

In addition, USAID/OFDA funded three flights of emergency relief supplies to Jamaica, valued at nearly $233,000 including transport. The transferred items included 8 Zodiac boats with motors, 80 life vests, 2,024 hygiene kits, 2,000 water containers, and 500 rolls of plastic sheeting.

USAID/LAC has also contributed approximately $3.5 million in hurricane reconstruction assistance that will be used to rehabilitate homes, roads, schools, and water and sanitation systems.

Dominican Republic

On September 17, U.S. Ambassador to the Dominican Republic Hans H. Hertell declared a disaster due to the damage caused by Hurricane Jeanne. In response, USAID/OFDA provided $50,000 to World Vision to purchase and distribute emergency relief supplies, including hygiene kits, mosquito nets, kitchen sets, blankets, bedding, water containers, and plastic sheeting.

Cuba

On August 17, 2004, the U.S. Interests Section in Havana issued a disaster declaration due to the impact of Hurricane Charley, particularly on the Isla de la Juventud and the province of Pinar del Río. In response, USAID/OFDA provided $50,000 through USAID/LAC for the purchase and distribution of 12,000 pounds of food and medicines to populations directly affected by Hurricane Charley.

MAP - Recent hurricanes in the Caribbean

Footnotes

1 U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)

2 International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)

3 Jamaican Office of Disaster Preparedness and Emergency Management (ODPEM)

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