Description of the disaster
In December 2015, severe rainfall and the overflow of the Paraná, Uruguay, Pilcomayo and Paraguay rivers and their tributaries, resulting from El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO), affected more than 76,133 people in 14 of the 23 Argentine provinces. In April 2016, intense rains again fell, affecting 72,119 people in 7 provinces.
The government declared an agricultural emergency due to the high level of impact on production in the provinces of Formosa, Chaco, Corrientes, Santa Fe, Cordoba and Entre Rios with the most affected being Santa Fe and Entre Ríos. According to the Ministry of Agroindustry, between 20 and 80 per cent of production was affected in the city of Buenos Aires (CABA) and in the provinces of Buenos Aires, Córdoba, Corrientes, Chaco, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, Misiones, Salta, Santa Fe, Santiago del Estero and Tucumán. With the substantial reduction of rainfall in May and June, people in collective centres returned to their homes.
The National Society subsequently focused its efforts on disaster management; strengthening branch-level capacities in emergency management; and community support for disaster preparedness and resilience building.