Antigua and Barbuda

Country Document for Disaster Risk Reduction: Antigua and Barbuda, 2016

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

The Country Document for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) presents a 2016 analysis of the status of DRR in Antigua and Barbuda. It identifies priorities and proposes strategies for the comprehensive national management of risk with the protection of human life and the environment as main goals.

This Country Document was prepared within the international context for Disaster Risk Reduction as encapsulated in the SENDAI FRAMEWORK which recognizes ‘that the State has the primary role to reduce disaster risk but that responsibility should be shared with other stakeholders including local government, the private sector and other stakeholders’,
The four priorities of the Framework are:

  • Understanding disaster risk

  • Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk

  • Investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience

  • Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response and to ‘Build Back Better’ in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction.

These priorities are further enunciated in the UNISDR paradigm of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) – which also informs this document - as the ‘systematic efforts to analyse and manage the causal factors of disaster, including through reduced exposure to hazards, lessened vulnerability of people and property, wise management of land and the environment, and improved preparedness for adverse events.’ The document recognizes as important to the understanding and implementation of DRR strategies the following international reports and strategies:

  • 2011 Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR, 2011)

  • The Yokohama Strategy and Plan of Action for a Safer World

  • The Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters (HFA)

  • The 2005 World Conference on Disaster Reduction

  • The Millennium Declaration and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), and

  • The United Nations Framework Convention for Climate Change (UNFCCC)
    The analysis references the Caribbean understanding of DRR as enunciated in:

  • The Strategy and Results Framework for Comprehensive Disaster Management (CDM) that calls for, inter alia, ‘strengthened and sustained capacity for a culture of safety and community resilience…’, and

  • The work of the Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency (CDEMA)

  • UN Conference on Small Island Developing States (SIDS 2014)

  • Regional Framework for Achieving Development Resilient to Climate Change (2009-2015) and its Implementation Plan (2011-2021)

The analysis shares with the CARICOM agenda of building of resilience to the impacts of global climate change the strategy of encouraging action to reduce the vulnerability of natural and human systems in CARICOM countries to the impacts of a changing climate.’ It also calls however for the reduction of the national vulnerability to socio-economic, political, and man-made hazards.