WFP Emergency Report No. 7 of 2005

Report
from World Food Programme
Published on 11 Feb 2005
(A) Highlights

(a) By February 11, WFP is feeding more than 1.4 million tsunami affected people, and has dispatched over 24,000 tons of food.

(b) WFP is distributing high energy biscuits and other food commodities to thousands of flood affected people in Guyana.

(c) WFP plans to deliver some 42,700 tons of food to Sudan's Darfur region in February.

(d) In Eritrea a total of 12,800 people already moved back to their places of origin after having spent almost six years in an IDP camp. They will receive WFP provided food rations.

(e) Emergency food assistance is needed for about 2.9 million acutely food insecure Ethiopian people in February. WFP aims to cover around half of the emergency assistance.

(f) A WFP conducted food needs assessment revealed that 10,000 vulnerable people would need food aid in areas in central Shan State, Maynamar, where farmers have stopped growing poppy.

(B) East & Central Africa: (1) Burundi (2) Congo, DR (3) Eritrea (4) Ethiopia (5) Kenya (6) Rwanda (7) Sudan (8) Tanzania (9) Uganda

(1) Burundi

(a) Armed banditry was reported in Gitega, Ngozi and Rutana provinces and ambushes were reported on the road between Cibitoke and Bujumbura.

(b) The census conducted in the two Congolese refugee camps in Muyinga and Mwaro provinces concluded that the overall number of Congolese refugees in Burundi amounts to some 7,625 persons.

(c) WFP distributed close to 1,400 tons of food aid to over 226,000 beneficiaries. Distributions under the school feeding programme included take home rations for some 13,800 girls. No distributions were conducted for refugees. Some distributions were carried without pulses (beans or peas) due to shortages of this commodity in-country.

(d) The analysis of data from the joint FAO/WFP/UNICEF and Ministry of Agriculture (MINAGRI) Crop and Food Supply Assessment mission is being finalized. Preliminary results indicate an increase of the overall beneficiary number and the required food aid quantity in various provinces.

(e) Public verification of beneficiary lists were conducted by food monitors in six communes in Makamba, Muyinga and Kirundo provinces. Double registration of individuals and households was reported.

(f) The Grand Caravan aircraft that was flown into Burundi by WFP after the humanitarian air operations were interrupted by the sudden and unexpected termination notice of the previous service provider, is not the most suitable aircraft for operating under Burundian conditions. Timely identification of a Twin-Otter or similar aircraft is therefore crucial to keep the humanitarian air operations in Burundi at the desired level.

(2) Congo, DR

(a) Insecurity fuelled by attacks from uncontrolled military groups continued in rural areas of North Kivu province, preventing the delivery of WFP food to remote locations. Areas such as Walungu and Kabare (South Kivu), which were closed to humanitarian workers, are now accessible due to improved security. Joint UN needs assessment missions were planned. Soldiers however continued to prey on mothers of malnourished children attending supplementary and therapeutic feeding centres. In Uvira, violent disputes within governmental institutions denoted the current precariousness of state reunification in areas far away from Kinshasa.

(b) In North Kivu, the assisted caseload of internally displaced persons (IDPs) from Ituri continued to decrease, as confirmed by reports from Cooperazione e Sviluppo (CESVI). WFP has thus planned to direct much more food to areas affected by military clashes in last December.

(c) WFP in Bukavu released more than 400 tons of food to various partners, including primary schools involved in school feeding programmes. An unknown quantity of food has been requisitioned by soldiers who showed up in one of the schools.

(d) In Uvira the humanitarian situation of 535 returnees from Burundi, under the supervision of UNHCR, remains of concern. WFP assisted the caseload with food when they arrived in October 2004.

(e) WFP continued to support the implementation of therapeutic and feeding programmes in the hinterland of the Maniema province, but remained concerned with the growing number of drop outs in most affected areas, as reported by Cooperazione Internazionale (COOPI) and Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development (ACTED), WFP's main cooperating partners.

(f) In Katanga province, monitoring activities were focused on school feeding programmes. In the Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA) supervised schools, the attendance rate of girls was 100 percent against 98 percent for boys.

(3) Eritrea

(a) Resettlement of IDPs under a joint UNDP/UNICEF/WFP/Government of Eritrea (GoE) programme took place from 31 January until 3 February. A total of 12,800 people moved back to their places of origin after having spent almost six years in an internally displaced persons (IDP) camp. The partners have installed 13 hand pumps and 7 generator-operated water points, one health centre and two health facilities with 6 professional health staff and 2 ambulances as well as makeshift schools. WFP supports the resettled population with food rations up till the first harvest for a period of maximum one year. Altogether some 20,430 people are expected to be moved to their places of origin within ten days.

(b) The resourcing situation for EMOP 10261.01, Emergency Food Assistance to Victims of Crop Failure and Drought in Eritrea, has remained unchanged. Commitment coverage stands at USD 29.45 million or approximately 85,000 tons of food commodities. This amount covers about 80 percent of this operation's total resource requirements. With the reduced rations that are being distributed, WFP's in-country food stocks will last until the end of May.

(4) Ethiopia

(a) An assessment team composed of the federal and Oromia Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Bureau (DPPC), USAID and WFP was deployed to the field on 2 February to assess concerns raised about an estimated 16,000 IDPs in Doba woreda of West Hararghe. People were displaced as a result of a referendum that took place in the bordering localities of Somali and Oromia regions last year. The rapid emergency assessment recommended urgent allocations of food and non-food items to assist the IDPs. So far, over 280 tons of food have been allocated to the affected populations, while plastic sheets, blankets, Jerrycans and kitchen utensils are to be distributed.

(b) Preparations for the government's Productive Safety Nets Programme are ongoing, with identification of districts to be targeted for WFP interventions as one of the key activities. The process is being undertaken jointly by regional Food Security Bureaux and WFP, and seeks to include districts with previous effective technical experience in planning and organizing public and community works, farm improvement and environmental protection activities. The final decision on districts of intervention is made by the Federal Food Security Bureau, and lists of selected districts are now being submitted by the various regions. Safety Net activities must start soon to avoid food shortages in some areas.

(c) The Productive Safety Nets Programme intends to achieve food security for about 5 million chronically food insecure people within the next 5 years through either food or cash transfers to vulnerable populations. WFP will be supporting this process through labour intensive productive assets (LIPA) activities for able-bodied beneficiaries in chronically food-insecure communities and targeted supplementary feeding for vulnerable children and women.

(d) WFP aims to assist approximately 2 million chronically food insecure people under the LIPA component. In addition to support to the chronically food insecure, emergency food assistance is needed for about 2.9 million acutely food insecure people in February. WFP aims to cover around half of the emergency assistance.

(e) WFP conducted a five-day Food and Nutrition training in Addis Ababa. In order to strengthen inter-agency links and links with key partners in Ethiopia, participants also included UNICEF, FAO, UNHCR, International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) staff and government counterparts, in addition to WFP staff from the region.

For information on resources, donors are requested to contact
Valerie.Sequeira@wfp.org
tel: +39 06 6513 2009
Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, 00148 Rome - Italy

Media queries should be directed to
Brenda.Barton@wfp.org
tel: +39 06 6513 2602
Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, 00148 Rome - Italy

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