WFP Emergency Report No. 27 of 2003

Report
from World Food Programme
Published on 04 Jul 2003


This report includes:

A) Middle East and Central Asia: (1) Iraq, (2) Afghanistan, (3) Pakistan

B) East and Central Africa: (1) DR Congo, (2) Burundi, (3) Rwanda, (4) Uganda, (5) Sudan, (6) Eritrea, (7) Ethiopia, (8) Somalia

C) West Africa: (1) Regional, (2) Côte d'Ivoire, (3) Liberia, (4) Sierra Leone, (5) Guinea

D) Southern Africa: (1) Regional, (2) Lesotho, (3) Swaziland, (4) Mozambique, (5) Malawi, (6) Zimbabwe, (7) Zambia, (8) Angola, (9) Namibia

E) Asia: (1) DPR Korea

F) Latin America and the Caribbean: (1) Guatemala, (2) Nicaragua, (3) Ecuador, (4) Peru

G) Eastern Europe and the Caucasus: (1) Russian Federation, (2) Azerbaijan

From David Morton, Director of the Transport, Preparedness and Response Division (OTP); available on the Internet on the WFP Home Page
(www.wfp.org), or by e-mail from Carlo.Scaramella@wfp.org, Chief of the Emergency Preparedness and Response Unit (OEP).

For information on resources, donors are requested to contact Valerie.Sequeira@wfp.org at WFP Rome, telephone +39 06 6513 2009. Media queries should be directed to Trevor.Rowe@wfp.org, telephone +39 06 6513 2602. The address of WFP is Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, 00148 Rome, Italy.

A) Middle East and Central Asia: (1) Iraq, (2) Afghanistan, (3) Pakistan

1) Iraq

(a) Security continues to be of major concern, especially in Baghdad where a number of incidents, including a shooting outside the UN compound, have occurred this week. Attacks against the Coalition Force (CF) have increased on all access road to and from the Baghdad region and the security situation is also worsening in the lower southern Governorates. In Basra warehouse security remains a serious concern and minor looting is still taking place. The security environment in Kirkuk in Tameem has also become more hostile, especially between the CF and the local population. Many of the last distributions for the June cycle have been delayed due to security constraints. Access to the governorate of Salah-al-Din remains constrained due to security and not all data are available for that location. In Anbar Governorate, the ongoing security situation in Fallujah has meant that distributions to some 96 food agents are still outstanding, but the agents are expected to collect their rations by the end of next week. Due to the increased transport costs brought on by the dramatic increase in the price of fuel, the Ministry of Trade (MOT) has increased the amount of money retained by the food agent from the nominal fee paid for the Public Distribution System (PDS) ration, from 15 Iraqi Dinars to 50 Iraqi Dinars per ration inside the cities, and from 25 Iraqi Dinars to 60 Iraq Dinars per ration in the countryside.

(b) As we enter the first days of July, the distribution cycle for the June PDS ration is nearing completion and MOT officials report that by next week it will be complete in all locations throughout the country. The overall current distribution in the country for the month of June amounts to 404,496 tons. In all the lower Southern Governorates, distribution for the June cycle was completed, including rations for new beneficiaries who did not have registration cards. The distribution cycle for June has also been completed in Sulaymaniyah, Dahuk and Kirkuk, but is still going on in Ninewa, where it is expected to be finalised by the end of next week, according to MOT authorities. Wheat flour distribution has been completed in Sulaymaniyah, Erbil, Dahuk and Ninewa and in Tameem 95 percent of requirements have been met. The MOT has announced that PDS distributions for July have already started in all lower southern Governorates and Dahuk, with no major problems being reported so far.

(c) On 02 July a meeting took place between MOT, WFP and the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA). MOT reported that WFP had provided 100 percent
of the wheat flour needed for the June distributions, with the exception of distributions in Baghdad, Tikrit, Diyala and Nassariyah, where wheat flour distributions had been supplemented by national stocks.

(d) During the month of June, the logistics operation and dispatch of commodities from the five neighbouring countries have reached outstanding records. dispatches for the month of June reached 758,128 tons. As at 01 July the total amount dispatched since the beginning of the operation in April stood at 1,264,743 tons of food. Trans-shipment of commodities from Kuwait started to be implemented at the Um Qasr port warehouse on 02 July. Fieldwork for the Joint FAO/WFP Crop and Food Supply mission continues. The objective of the assessment is to get a better understanding of Iraq's food security status/situation for the period July 2003 to June 2004. While WFP will be focusing on food access at the community and household levels, with particular attention on food assistance needs, FAO will mainly focus on food availability. WFP is relying heavily on its large food aid monitor staff presence in the various Area Offices to collect this data. WFP's area offices and food aid monitors staff have received a briefing on the assessment, objectives, guidelines and procedures for data collection in the field. The approach and methodology used is that of a rapid appraisal, utilising key informants interviews with MOT food agents, community leaders, etc, throughout the country. Approximately 40 interviews will be conducted per Governorate. The data is currently being collected, compiled and sent back to WFP's Vulnerability Assessment Mapping (VAM) unit in Baghdad for analysis. The FAO/WFP mission report will be finalised sometime in mid-July.

2) Afghanistan

(a) The security situation was calm throughout the country, with no incidents affecting the international assistance community. However, due to the imposition of UN security phase four in the southern region, still only up to three missions escorted by armed local government authorities are allowed per week in Kandahar province.

(b) From 26 June to 02 July, 286,414 beneficiaries received 1,286 tons of food through Food For Work, Food For Education, Relief and Resettlement of IDPs and Refugees, Urban Vulnerable Bakeries and Supplementary and Institutional feeding activities in Fayz Abad, Mazari Sharif, Kabul, Kandahar and Hirat.

(c) The Ministry of Education signed a Letter of Understanding with WFP, consolidating the joint efforts to implement the food for education programme under the protracted relief and recovery operation (PRRO). During the two years of the PRRO, from April 2003 to March 2005, over two million schoolchildren will be provided with food assistance, in order to encourage school enrolment, attendance and performance, especially of girls. Besides the schoolchildren, the programme also intends to reach out to women, adolescent girls and boys, offering them vocational training, such as carpet weaving, carpentry or literacy courses. In addition, 100,000 teachers will receive 10 litres of oil per month as a supplement to their salary. In Kunduz, the Provincial Governor and UN agencies discussed target districts and priority needs of IDPs and returnees, during a meeting organized by WFP on the implementation of the Ogata Initiative, In Kabul, distributor training took place for the officials of the Department of Education in Kabul, Parwan and Logar provinces. The training was to assist
the Department of Education in building capacity in food distribution and also to familiarize them with the management of food distribution.

3) Pakistan

(a) WFP has finished its EMOP 10171.0 drought operation in Sindh, where it provided emergency food assistance to 157,266 persons. The staff from Sindh has been re-deployed in Balochistan to assist with the distribution of food to 104,000 persons in Chagai and Kharan Districts over the next three months.

(b) Under EMOP 10228.0, the re-location of 19,605 residents from the controversial "waiting area" in Chaman in Balochistan, began on 30 June. Registration is now underway and is expected to be completed by 15 July. Refugees have been given the choice either to relocate to Mohammad Kheil or move to new settlement for IDPs at Zhare Dasht in Afghanistan. Of the total caseload, 59 percent have opted to go to Zhare Dasht while the remaining 41 percent are being relocated in Mohammad Kheil.

(c) The Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI), which was commissioned by WFP and UNHCR to undertake a Household Food Economy Assessment (HFEA) in Shamshatoo refugee camp in the North West Frontier Province, will begin its fieldwork on 08 July, initially supervised by WFP.
Results of the nutrition survey conducted by Action Contre la Faim (ACF) in Chaman, Mohammad Khail and Latif Abad refugee camps in Balochistan showed
that the rates of acute malnutrition are low amongst children under 5, resident in refugee camps, but that chronic malnutrition rates are very high. Attention has to be kept on the nutritional situation of the refugees. Discussions are now underway regarding ACF's recommendations to implement supplementary feeding programmes in the camps.

(d) With the loan of 1,100 tons of pulses from the Afghanistan Programme, the pipeline situation is satisfactory until the end of September. An additional 2,000 tons of pulses, 250 tons of oil and 4,500 tons of wheat may be provided by donors. If this proposed contribution is materialized, the needs of this EMOP for pulses and oil would be fully covered until the end of March 2004. However, funds for the local procurement of 15,000 tons of wheat are still needed.

B) East and Central Africa: (1) DR Congo, (2) Burundi, (3) Rwanda, (4) Uganda, (5) Sudan, (6) Eritrea, (7) Ethiopia, (8) Somalia

1) DR Congo

(a) Following the visit of Security Council members to the Great Lakes region, efforts have been intensified to finalise negotiations between Government and rebel groups aimed at resolving the problem of leadership in the new unified national army. This matter had brought the setting up of the two year transitional Government to a deadlock threatening the 30 June deadline established by the Pretoria accords. The security situation in the Eastern part of DRC, especially in Bunia and Lubero, is reportedly calm but remains tense with many internally displaced people still in harsh and life threatening condition. During recent monitoring in the Plains de la Ruzizi, WFP in Bukavu found many villages looted and inhabitants displaced in destitute conditions with no food, kitchen utensils, blankets, clothing, etc. Although there is an indication of free movement inside the plains and that calm is gradually being restored in this territory, the needs of the displaced remain enormous. The Rassemblement Congolais pour la Democratie (RCD) military operations against Mai Mai militia in North Katanga during
the last couple of weeks, has resulted in increased displacements and overcrowding of two IDP camps in the suburbs of Kalemie, with 4105 families in Lumbwe camp and 1052 families in Makala. Monthly food requirements to cover needs of those displaced persons are estimated at about 500 tons. There is a critical lack of clean water in the camps. The MONUC team in place is striving to provide 10,000 litres of water per day covering the needs of roughly 400 households. Humanitarian actors, with the help of local authorities, are looking for other sites to reduce overload of the camps and avoid the outbreak of epidemics. WFP in Kalemie is due to airlift 1,135 tons of food for nutritional programme in North Katanga this month. Thus, the Kalemie requirements must be reviewed to cope with these emergency needs.

(b) The NGO AASD (Action d'aide sanitaire aux plus démunis) visited some 250 child soldiers in the ex University of Equator Gbadolité in Equateur Province. Some of the children are Mai-Mai and Rwandese. They seemed to be completely abandoned and live in a very precarious sanitary environment. AASD also reported that there were some 500 girls who were victims of rape in the area controlled by Mouvement Liberation du Congo (MLC).

(c) During the week, 65 percent of distributions by WFP in Bukavu were directed towards vulnerable women, including the victims of sexual violence and beneficiaries of micro-credit. Upon the request of the Government and under UNOCHA coordination, WFP food has been transported by MSF-F for distribution in Malemba-Nkulu to victims of the recent clashes between FAC and Mai Mai in Mukubu/Katanga.

(d) Although EMOP 10280.0 - "Assistance to Displaced Persons, Returnees and Vulnerable Groups in Northern and Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo"
was approved on 15 June, funding has still not come through. With internal borrowings from the on-going operations, WFP airlifted a total of 650 tons of food from Entebbe/Uganda to Bunia.

2) Burundi

(a) The security situation remained a concern in many parts of the country. Last week, fighting was reported in Kayanza displacing approximately 10,000 households from Gahombo and Muhanga communes of Kayanza province to Busiga and Ngozi communes of Ngozi province. In Ruyigi province, eleven people including four Members of Parliament were abducted. While most of these have now been released the whereabouts of the 4 MPs is still unknown. In Bubanza, an ambush was perpetrated on a truck and three persons were abducted but released two days after the abduction. In Cibitoke province, one person was killed in an ambush on a civilian car.

(b) 22 FNL rebels reported to the cantonment site of Muyange/Buramata in Bubanza province. Other fighters were expected to arrive in the coming days but the operation has been postponed for security reasons as FDD fighters have attacked the cantonment zone. Shells were launched at the cantonment zone from neighbouring hills.

(c) WFP provided a total of 174.88 tons of emergency relief food to 8,478 households displaced by the fighting in Kayanza province. Towards the end of the week, most of the displaced people started to return home as security was progressively restored. Following the distribution of the 7-day emergency ration, WFP plans to conduct an assessment to determine the impact of the fighting and further assistance required. Under its regular operations from 23 to 29 June, WFP distributed a total 1,412 tons of food including 1,174 tons of targeted rations to 112,430 persons in Bujumbura Rural, Ngozi, Kayanza, Bubanza and Makamba provinces, 111 tons of food to social centres that include HIV/AIDS affected people, 72 tons to Food For Work projects, 23 tons for nutritional and hospital feeding and 29 tons to returnees.

3) Rwanda

(a) The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Livestock, WFP, FAO and FEWSNET conducted a crop and food assessment mission from the 23 to 27 June, in order to determine the national agricultural production for 2003 and assess some of the issues affecting rural agricultural production in Rwanda. On the whole, crop and food production was found adequate for most of the country in 2003 in spite of the delayed rains. However, the joint mission confirmed that overall national production was less when compared to total crop production of 2002. The reason for this slight fall in production was the late onset of rains that started in mid March and ended prematurely in mid May. The following districts were found by the Mission to have pockets of significant production shortfalls: Maraba and Nyakizu districts in Butare province, Bungwe, Rebero and Kinihira districts in Byumba province; Gashonga, Bugarama and Impala districts in Cyangugu
province, Karaba, Mudasomwa and Mushubi districts in Gikongoro province, Muhazi, Mirenge, Nyarubuye and Cyarubare districts in Kibungo province; Itabire and Rutsiro districts in Kibuye province, Buliza, Rushashi, Nyamata, Gashora and Ngenda districts in Kigali Ngali province, Gabiro, Rukara and Murambi districts in Umutara province. As a result some households are affected and will require targeted food assistance.

(b) A number of Food for Work/Assets activities have already started in the most affected areas in Bugesera region. These Food for Work/Assets projects complement ongoing WFP school feeding; assistance to nutrition centres and assistance to HIV/AIDS affected households.

4) Uganda

(a) During the past week, the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) rebels increased the frequency of their brutal and murderous attacks on the civilian population in northern Uganda. Internally displaced person's camps have come under regular, intense attacks by LRA rebels. As a result, the security situation remains fragile and the humanitarian situation is worrying. The civilian population in Gulu District lives in fear of being abducted or killed by the LRA rebels. Despite the heightened level of insecurity, WFP distributed 1,053 metric tons of food to 62,751 displaced persons in 6 camps in Gulu District. WFP food convoys are only able to access the displaced civilian population under armed military escort.

(b) An ECHO delegation led by Ms Costanza Adolfini visited Gulu and Kitgum Districts to assess the humanitarian situation in northern Uganda. The renewed insurgency by the LRA rebels, coupled with, raids by armed Karimojong warriors and drought in parts of eastern Kitgum District, has led to massive displacement of the civilian population, loss of lives, assets and hope. There is a near total breakdown of social service delivery in northern Uganda. In an effort to show solidarity with and highlight the plight of children who seek shelter in Gulu town every night, members of the Acholi Religious Leaders Peace Initiative (ARLPI) last week spent four nights sleeping on verandas along with the children in Gulu town. Converging in the town centre from outlying areas to avoid abduction by LRA rebels, thousands of children sleep huddled on verandas and shop fronts.

(c) In a new development two weeks ago, the Lord's Resistance Army extended its rebellion outside the traditional northern Uganda districts. The LRA carried out daily brutal attacks on the civilian population in the northeastern Teso sub-region. The rebels killed and abducted civilians, burned houses, and looted property. In one incident, the rebels raided a secondary school and forcefully abducted 80 female students amid heavy gunfire.

(d) Over 6,000 civilians currently displaced in Soroti town are desperately in need of food aid, shelter and sanitation. Last week, WFP dispatched food for 3,000 displaced persons in Soroti town on the request of the Office of the Prime Minister.

5) Sudan

(a) The cessation of hostilities agreement between the Government of Sudan (GoS) and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) was
renewed on 30 June until the end of September. The fifth round of peace talks is scheduled to begin on 06 July in Nairobi, Kenya.

(b) The WFP operated cross-line barge along Juba-Malakal river corridor reached Juba on 02 July. It is the first cross-line delivery of food aid through this river corridor after a five-year break. WFP distributed a total of 3,500 tons of mixed food commodities to over 350,000 beneficiaries in over 50 locations in both GoS and SPLM/A controlled areas.

6) Eritrea

(a) The newly appointed Special Envoy of the UN Secretary-General for the Humanitarian Crisis in the Horn of Africa, Mr Ahtisaari, will travel to Eritrea from 06 to 08 July as part of his mandate to raise awareness about the drought situation in the region. The Special Envoy is expected to meet with the President and key members of the humanitarian community, as well as possibly visit Senafe - one of the most drought-affected areas of the country.

(b) The late arrival of the short rainy season has delayed the commencement of agricultural activities throughout the country. Some rain has now been reported in the Debub, Gash Barka and Anseba regions, but so far it has been inconsistent. According to the Ministry of Agriculture, steady rainfall is needed from now until late September in order to obtain a minimal harvest. Farmers still face a shortage of critical agricultural inputs such as seeds, tools and fertilizers. Water shortages continue to be a serious consequence of the drought. In Debub region, the Hawatsu dam is now dry. The dam was formerly a main source of water for both human consumption as well as irrigation for agricultural activities. Villagers are walking long distances in search of alternate water points. Water
supply problems were also reported in Anseba, Gash Barka and Northern Red Sea.

(c) As of 01 July, WFP has officially commenced two new operations, PRRO 10192 and EMOP 10261. The current in stock balance of 1,665 tons of wheat will be used for initial distributions to IDPs, returnees and expellees under the PRRO. The EMOP still has no commodities available in the country.

(d) WFP's current resource level equals USD 12 million for PRRO 10192 and USD 27 million for EMOP 10261, which represents 53 percent of the overall requirements for both operations. A pipeline break will take place in July, as WFP awaits the arrival of approximately 53,000 tons of pledged commodities for the EMOP and PRRO, scheduled to arrive in the country towards the end of July and to be available for distribution in August. In the meantime, an extension of EMOP's 10049 and 10052 will help fill the gap by allowing the use of the remaining balance of commodities under those two operations. A loan from the Eritrean Grain Board will cover the remaining immediate needs.

7) Ethiopia

(a) The new Special Envoy for the Humanitarian Crisis in the Horn of Africa arrived in Addis Ababa on 02 July at the start of a six-day official visit to Ethiopia and Eritrea. In the course of his visit in Ethiopia, the Special Envoy will meet with Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, Government authorities, relief agencies and international donor representatives. The main objective of his mission to the country is to review the overall humanitarian situation in Ethiopia with a special focus on chronic food insecurity and strategies to reduce vulnerability to future droughts. His itinerary includes a visit to the Southern Nations Nationalities and
Peoples Region (SNNPR) to view humanitarian efforts of the government, UN agencies and NGOs in this hard hit area of the country. Fourteen of the 30 UNICEF-supported therapeutic feeding centres currently operational in the country, run by NGOs or the Ministry of Health, are in SNNPR; an additional three centres in the region are operated by NGOs using their own resources. WFP is sending additional staff to SNNPR, to be based in the regional capital of Awasa, who will work closely with local authorities on the implementation of targeting guidelines, entitlement issues and other operational matters. They will also combine efforts with UNICEF field staff to look at longer-term nutritional strategies in the region.

(b) The mid-year short season (Belg) assessment continues. The multi-agency teams, who are also checking long season (Meher) rain and crop conditions, will be reporting their findings within the next two weeks. Relief needs for the rest of 2003 are expected to increase in some parts of the country as a result of this assessment. WFP and CARE have recently conducted a joint Food Aid Use and Impact Survey in West and East Hararghe zones of Oromiya Region. The intent of this survey is to gather additional information on the impact of food assistance and to inform the on-going management of WFP and CARE emergency food aid interventions in these zones. Field monitors recently collected information on dietary diversity, nutritional and health status, livelihood strategies and assets, coping mechanisms, and community level information on food security status and monitoring indicators. These data are currently being processed and results are expected to be released by mid-July. If this methodology proves to be effective, WFP intends to use this research to develop a low-cost
monitoring tool to track changes in food security status at the household level during emergency programme operations and to support on-going decisions on food aid targeting and the appropriate transition from relief to recovery activities. A similar monitoring system was previously established by WFP for monitoring and evaluation of its PRRO assistance programme for refugees in Kenya. A recent nutritional survey carried out in conjunction with the Food Aid Use and Impact Survey by CARE in the same sample villages has revealed a global acute malnutrition rate (GAM) of 10.1 percent. While the GAM rate in the lowland and dry midlands where the survey was done shows a significant improvement in nutritional condition compared to the first survey in September 2002 (when GAM was 15.1 percent), it is not a significant improvement compared to the second follow-up survey result in January 2003 (GAM 11.2 percent). However the results do confirm that the nutritional status has stabilized due to regular food aid distributions and other nutritional interventions.

8) Somalia

(a) On 21 June 2003 the Government of Kenya banned all flights to and from Somalia, hampering access to the Southern and Central areas of Somalia. While the Northeast and Northwest areas of Somalia can easily be accessed through Ethiopian Airlines, the South remains inaccessible, as the only way was through UNCAS, which is managed by WFP. Meanwhile, insecurity has also been heightened in the Southern and Central region following the increased mobilisation of militia troops in the area. With no access to flights, UNSECCORD advised the immediate relocation of all international UN staff to Nairobi, who would otherwise remain isolated in the South if the situation explodes. This has affected WFP operations as 3 international staff have relocated to Nairobi. Nevertheless, the operation is expected to continue without major interruption as national staff in the South will handle the food distribution. The UN office for Humanitarian Co-ordination for Somalia is currently negotiating with the Kenyan Government to lift the flight ban as soon as possible as it has severely hampered the provision of humanitarian assistance in Somalia.

(b) While food security remained relatively stable in most of Somalia a number of areas were still threatened by food shortages. FSAU has recommended that a food for work programme be considered for a period of 90 days for 1,000 households in North Nugal and South Bari, in North Eastern Somalia, starting in July. This area is inhabited by pastoralists who are facing imminent hunger as they experience a gap between livestock recovery and milk production. Their ability to purchase food has been compromised by high costs of water trucking during the extended 'jilaal' season, putting many households under heavy debts. WFP is presently assessing the situation.

C) West Africa: (1) Regional, (2) Côte d'Ivoire, (3) Liberia, (4) Sierra Leone, (5) Guinea

1) Regional

(a) A sub-regional Joint Regional Humanitarian Field Review, organized by OCHA and composed of UN agencies, NGOs and donor representatives, visited
Guinea, Sierra Leone and Côte d'Ivoire from 22 June to 02 July and met with the Liberia Country Team in Abidjan to assess humanitarian conditions and elaborate a regional humanitarian strategy. The mission was tasked to investigate cross-cutting regional issues, which have led to a crisis of protection and a crisis of humanitarian response in West Africa. On the basis of its findings, the mission is expected to draft a regional response strategy, which will be finalised at a meeting in Dakar on 17 to 18 July.

2) Côte d'Ivoire

(a) Distributions of 25 days-food rations for cash crop farmers in Grabo and Gnato have been completed, with a total of 444 families of 2,471 beneficiaries catered for. From 26 June to 02 July, WFP, in collaboration with UNHCR and Caritas, assisted 4,000 people in the Tabou transit centre for 15 days and 200 malnourished children in the transit camp under the therapeutic feeding programme. Food for 4,500 people was also made available to UNHCR for the distribution to Liberian refugees in Yéouli and Georgetown/Dalagri. So far 17,217 refugees have received a 15-day dry ration from WFP. The Government's refugee agency (SAARA) now reports 27,223 refugees in 15 locations. It has been agreed that UNHCR Tabou will from now on formally request food for each destination. No distributions have been undertaken in Man since 26 June, due to lack of cereals in stock. The distributions to IDPs and vulnerable groups in Bangolo, Zouan Hounien, Bin Houye, Ganleu, Teapleu have therefore been postponed. WFP's expected caseload for July is estimated at 1,322 tons to meet the needs of 100,000 persons in various programmes. A truck with 54 tons of rice arrived in Man, on 02 July. A Food for Work Sanitation project in the town of Bangolo can now start, as the implementing NGO ODAFEM has received tools from UNDP.

(b) Distribution started on 26 June in the four sites of Guiglo town for a total of 742 social workers within the Food for Work programme. The ongoing hot rations of rice and vegetables served a total of 10,400 meals to vulnerable people during the week. Action Contre la Faim (ACF) was treating 150 malnourished children in their therapeutic feeding centre in Guiglo, and Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) was given food for 300 people accompanying 250 severely malnourished children from Guiglo as well as Toulepleu and Blolequin. From 26 June to 02 July, WFP assisted 372 vulnerable IDPs living in the Protestant Mission and the Mairie in Duekoue, including children under 15, pregnant women and disabled people. High Energy Biscuits were provided to 504 Burkinabé returnees repatriated by IOM from Duekoue on 29 June. Following the implementation of four supplementary feeding centres and one therapeutic centre in Duekoue by ACF, a total of 217 moderately malnourished children and 30 severely malnourished children were admitted and fed at the feeding centres during the last two weeks of June.

(c) WFP completed the verification of 2,359 vulnerable registered for food assistance in Katia village, near Korhogo. WFP in Korhogo also visited N'ganon village with the NGO ARK. The situation on food security level is critical for most people in this area. Registration in N'ganon is ongoing. WFP also visited Niéllé some 160 km from Korhogo, near the border with Mali and Burkina. Registration is completed and the lists of vulnerable families in Niéllé and M'bengue have been received and will be assessed before emergency food assistance is provided. WFP in Bouaké delivered food to ICRC for the month of July to assist 2,711 vulnerable including Food for Work for institutional staff.

(d) There are immediate shortfalls for oil and pulses for the EMOP. A shortfall of cereals is also expected during July. WFP will be forced to postpone some of its activities during July and August. The priorities are children under five, refugees and displaced people that have limited coping strategies.

3) Liberia

(a) WFP has continued to provide assistance subject to security conditions. Together with ICRC and NGO partners, planning is underway for food distribution. On 02 July, WFP held a meeting with its implementing partners to lay modalities for food distribution scheduled to start within a week's time. The major constraints include lack of fuel and the extent of the displacement affecting the entire population of Monrovia, estimated at 1 million people or a third of the country's total population.

(b) Although WFP food stocks were partially looted, there are sufficient stocks in the region to respond to the immediate needs. However, much more resources would be required when security and access are guaranteed for the humanitarian workers to operate without endangering their lives and that of
the beneficiaries.

4) Sierra Leone

(a) The security situation in the sub-regions remained calm. There has been a drop in the influx of Liberian Refugees through the border towns and UNHCR relocated 367 Liberians Refugees from the Kailahun Way station to camps in Kenema.

(b) From 16 to 29 June, WFP supported 191,386 beneficiaries with 1,319 tons of food countrywide. An Emergency School Feeding Baseline Survey for 2003 was conducted from 16 to 21 June in Port Loko operational areas to provide baseline data for WFP's School Feeding Programmes (SFP) starting in September 2003. A sensitisation of communities along the stretch of roads to be jointly repaired by WFP/UNOPs/SLRA was accomplished in Port Loko. A total of 208.8 tons of food was pre-positioned for 2,756 participants engaged in rice cultivation at Marampa chiefdom.

5) Guinea

(a) The security situation was reported as generally calm in N'Zérékoré and Kissidougou, but in Kankan crime is reportedly on the rise. On 27 June, a truck carrying WFP food turned over when a bridge on the road from Gueckedou to Macenta collapsed, killing two people, damaging the truck and ruining most of the food. The road has since been closed, creating major transportation delays and halting humanitarian operations, including food deliveries to N'Zérékoré and the relocation of refugees from Kouankan to the Albadariah camps. The authorities are mobilising resources to repair the bridge. If the bridge cannot be repaired quickly, WFP food distributions will be disrupted in August.

(b) The relocation of Kouankan continues, with 2,448 Liberian refugees relocated from Kouankan to the Kountaya and Telikoro's camps from 16 to 29 June. 6,518 refugees have been relocated since the operation began. Repatriation convoys of Sierra Leoneans have temporarily stopped due to budget constraints. From January to June, a total of 21,019 refugees have been repatriated. In the Lainé and Kola camps, 25,138 refugees received 419 tons of food through WFP's general distribution. 1,324 new arrivals in Lainé and Nonah also received more than 6 tons of food. In Kissidougou, 15,426 refugees in Boréah, Télikoro and Madina received monthly rations totalling 160 tons of food. WFP's partners in Kissidougou also distributed 21 tons of food rations to 2,470 new arrivals in these camps.

D) Southern Africa: (1) Regional, (2) Lesotho, (3) Swaziland, (4) Mozambique, (5) Malawi, (6) Zimbabwe, (7) Zambia, (8) Angola, (9) Namibia

1) Regional

(a) WFP and FAO have formally approved WFP's new Emergency Operation covering Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. the operation will aim to reach up to 6.5 million people until June of 2004. While the majority of the regional caseload will be supported through family rations provided in a targeted manner, particularly vulnerable individuals will be reached through their participation in a variety of safety net activities. The safety net activities will target individuals with a special physical or social vulnerability such as children less than five years of age, school age children, pregnant and nursing women and people living with HIV/AIDS. These groups will receive specialized support and will in some cases be provided with food support for their families. With this EMOP, WFP will continue to address residual cases of acute food needs with an emphasis on Zimbabwe and Mozambique. However, emphasis will also include the transitional need of populations who, without immediate assistance, are at risk of becoming a chronically vulnerable caseload. The food requirements for the duration of this EMOP, excluding an anticipated carry over stock from EMOP 10200 of approximately 214,000 tons, have been
calculated at 538,257 tons. Under EMOP 10200, WFP purchased nearly 400,000 tons of food in southern Africa, primarily from South Africa and Tanzania.
It is anticipated that the forthcoming marketing season is likely to see an even greater availability of cereals. South Africa is expecting surpluses of at least 4 million tons of maize, which could cover the EMOP cereal requirements of southern Mozambique, Swaziland, Lesotho, and Zimbabwe. Zambia and Malawi are also projecting sufficient maize availability for WFP to meet most their EMOP needs of maize from local purchases. Limited quantities of maize could also be purchased in northern Mozambique. Subject to the availability of cash resources from donors, the entire cereal needs for the EMOP could in principle be purchased regionally.

2) Lesotho

(a) From 25 to 30 June, WFP and implementing partners distributed 1,764 tons of food to 145,868 people through vulnerable group feeding, mother-child health, HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis clinics as well as take home rations for orphans and vulnerable children, and Food for Work project participants.

3) Swaziland

(a) From 24 to 30 June, WFP and implementing partners distributed over 865 tons of food to 56,816 beneficiaries.

4) Mozambique

(a) In Govuro District in Inhambane Province, OXFAM has reported that the area along Nova Mambone corridor has been replanted with maize and sorghum crops and a good yield is expected. The planted areas belong to the communities that were displaced in Maluvane during the floods in March 2003. As a result, WFP will decrease its assistance in the area for the next few months. WFP and OXFAM will closely monitor the situation and plan to conduct a food needs assessment mission in September.

(b) In Buzi, Chibabava and Macossa Districts in Sofala Province, WFP reported that the food security situation is stable due to the harvesting of millet and sorghum. The findings agree with the recent FAO/WFP Crop and Food Supply Assessment Mission report, which recommends a phase out from Buzi and Chibabava and a significant reduction in Macossa. Additional findings of WFP in Manica Province indicate the food security situation is stable, however some areas of Machanga, Guro, Tambara, Muanza and Machaze still face problems. Foods for Work activities in these areas are focusing on agriculture and tertiary road rehabilitation.

(c) From 24 to 30 June, WFP distributed over 2,109 tons of food in collaboration with implementing partners.

5) Malawi

(a) From 26 June to 02 July, WFP distributed 321 tons of food. Draft implementation plans for EMOP 10290 covering Food for Work, Food for Training and HIV/AIDS projects are under discussion with implementing partners and the new Letter of Understanding between the government and WFP is being prepared. Data collection for the first round of Community Household Surveillance in 15 sites and 10 districts has been completed. The results of the preliminary analysis are expected by mid-July.

6) Zimbabwe

(a) The food security situation in most provinces remains critical, as people have run out of what little food they harvested. Food shortages have also resulted in increased prices of most basic commodities. Parallel market maize prices in parts of Midlands Province are double those in the Mashonaland provinces. The Grain Marketing Board (GMB) has temporarily stopped selling maize grain in three districts in Mashonaland East Province as people were reselling the subsidized maize at exorbitant prices. In mid-June the GMB took similar measures in three districts in Mashonaland West Province. Across the country the GMB is facing serious challenges as the sole purveyor of grains. Problems include lack of fuel, trucks, grain bags and unwillingness of farmers to release their stocks to the monopolistic Board. Communities across the country are resorting to coping mechanisms employed during the lean season, such as illegal gold panning, sale of vegetables and fish, and brewing of local alcoholic beverages. The fuel situation is also critical in most parts of the country The Ministry
of Energy and Transport has introduced a coupon system for public transporters in a bid to curb the reselling of fuel on the parallel market. Meanwhile, rural transporters have increased their fares by 33 percent.

(b) WFP reached one million beneficiaries and distributed 14,000 tons of food during the month of June. The distributions covered 30 districts where communities reaped poor yields in this year's harvest. Among the beneficiaries were 9,470 school children. WFP also assisted 7,200 malnourished children in urban areas through a project offered in clinics in Harare and Bulawayo cities.

7) Zambia

(a) From 24 to 30 June, WFP distributed 315 tons of food to beneficiaries. WFP implementing partners have been given a 10-day period to conclude distribution cycles for June thus ending food aid distributions under EMOP 10200. No new distributions are to commence in July. During June, the Supplementary Feeding Programme in Ndola, Kitwe, Mpongwe and Masaiti in Copperbelt Province assisted a total of 4,727 beneficiaries. Seventy-two tons of food has been transported to the reception centre in Cazombo, Angola as part of the reintegration package to Angolan refugees who are expected to repatriate in early July.

(b) A school-feeding programme commenced on 01 July in 30 schools in Siavonga, Sinazongwe and Gwembe Districts in Southern Province. A total of 9,123 school children are receiving a nutritious mid-morning snack.

8) Angola

(a) In Kuando-Kubango Province, three separate mine incidents claimed the lives of four people. The evacuation of the Matungo ex-gathering area population from Mavinga has not yet been concluded due to transport and administrative constraints on the part of the Angolan Armed Forces and the
government. In may be necessary for WFP to assist those people in transit for 1 to 2 weeks or until the evacuation process is completed as food reserves are now very low.

(b) A nutritional survey conducted by Médecins Sans Frontières in Samboto (Huambo Province), has revealed that malnutrition rates do not give cause for alarm. WFP is carrying out a rapid food needs assessment in the commune to evaluate the kind of assistance that would best help the vulnerable population to restore their livelihoods. Rapid assessments already completed in the south of the commune show food insecurity that WFP plans to address through recovery-oriented assistance. The flow of people into the province from the various ex-gathering areas in the country continues with a further 6,340 people registered by WFP and implementing partners. WFP continues to support the formal repatriation exercise of Angolan refugees from camps in Zambia, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Namibia, as well as providing assistance to spontaneously returning refugees.

(c) An in-kind contribution of 36,000 tons of maize, which with associated costs is equivalent to USD 18.5 million, has been confirmed to the Angola PRRO 'Food Assistance to War Affected People'. The project is now 68.5 percent funded and food stocks are expected to last until the end of the project in December 2003 for all commodities, with the exception of pulses, which will run out in December. Due to lack of critical donor funding, WFP has been forced to cut back on non-food item (NFI) transportation services provided to the humanitarian community under Special Operation 10149.1 'Logistics Services to the Humanitarian Community'. The project remains under-funded with USD 2,432,768 still required against a total Special Operation cost of USD 6,877,902 as
reported in previous weeks.

9) Namibia

(a) WFP food assistance was provided for the first 150 refugees who were formally repatriated to Katuitui transit centre in Kuando Kubango, Angola from the Osire camp via Kassava transit centre in Namibia. WFP Food for Work also supported the preparation of the Katuitui transit centre. Due to a recently imposed government ban on the importation of maize, WFP is working on a maize loan from a local miller, which will provide enough maize for July food distributions in Osire refugee camp. Regional procurement and delivery of other necessary commodities in the food basket is underway.

(b) WFP monitored and provided technical support for distribution to approximately 12,000 flood-affected people in Kabbe constituency of Caprivi region. Beneficiaries received a two-month ration consisting of corn-soya blend, pulses, vegetable oil and salt provided by WFP. The government of Namibia provided additional food commodities.

E) Asia: (1) DPR Korea

1) DPR Korea

(a) Wheat, barley and potato crops have been harvested in most provinces. Due to the rains and harvested early crops getting wet, some losses are
expected in threshing the wheat and barley, while some potato crops were spoiled. Lack of adequate storage for potatoes is also a concern in most
provinces. Rice and maize transplanting is almost complete in most monitored provinces. Some maize is currently being planted in the harvested early crop fields, as part of the double cropping measures. Vegetable harvests of cabbage, cucumber, pumpkin, eggplant, etc. have reportedly been good in some provinces. All harvested vegetables are usually sold in the state shops. Currently the price of round cabbage is 8 Won/kg, cucumber costs 24 Won/kg and low quality cabbage goes for 5 Won/kg. The official exchange rate is 140.70 Won to 1 USD and 164.00 Won to 1 Euro.

(b) A memorandum of understanding was signed with ADRA Switzerland on 27 June for their 2003-04 bakery project which will provide bread rolls to about 16,600 Kindergarten children in four counties in Pyongyang for a one-year period. WFP will provide 490 tons of wheat and 50 tons of sugar for the project. Due to delays in the arrival of a contribution of 100,000 tons of maize, almost 3 million beneficiaries will not receive cereal distributions in the month of July. Children in nurseries, kindergartens and primary schools, pregnant and nursing women, the elderly and caregivers in child institutions in most provinces will be negatively affected. Children in orphanages and paediatric hospitals across the country will, however, be covered during July. The second 50 percent instalment for some Food For Work projects completed in the spring is also being delayed. Approximately 4 million beneficiaries are targeted under the vulnerable group feeding activities of WFP's EMOP for 2003. Cereal distributions to all targeted Vulnerable Group Feeding (VGF) beneficiaries are expected to resume from August and extend through the third quarter with the arrival of 100,000 tons of maize, 11,000 tons of rice and 40,500 tons of wheat.

(c) Pipeline shortfalls of about 74,000 tons are projected for the remainder of the year. 58,000 tons of cereals, 5,500 tons of pulses, 5,000 tons of corn-soya milk, 3,000 tons of sugar and 2,500 tons of oil are required to avoid further breaks in the food pipeline.

F) Latin America and the Caribbean: (1) Guatemala, (2) Nicaragua, (3) Ecuador, (4) Peru

1) Guatemala

(a) Frequent and persistent rains continue to affect the country. Several communities in the Department of Escuintla have been affected by severe flooding caused by the overflowing of rivers, resulting in infrastructure damage and impassable roads and causing a number of families to be evacuated. The National Coordinating Council for Disaster Reduction (CONRED), which ratified a countrywide Yellow Alert last week, will provide food, potable water, and blankets to those affected. There are concerns that excess precipitation could result in landslides and overflowing of riverbanks, especially in the southern and western areas of the country.

(b) At the same time, the Fuego, Pacaya, and Santiaguito volcanoes have shown signs of weak to moderate activity, with minor explosions and smoke and ash emissions. Heavy rains have also brought about lava, mud and rock flows, not yet affecting any communities but posing a risk to those located near the volcanoes. WFP is monitoring the situation through field visits, media reports, and information from the National Institute of Seismology, Vulcanology, Meteorology and Hydrology, as well as CONRED.

(c) Various incidents and rallies show signs of increasing social unrest and political conflict. Union workers, street vendors and farmers have launched protests over the past week. The upcoming election in November is driving political parties to intensify their campaign activities throughout the country. Some have resulted in violent incidents between supporters of different parties or social organizations.

2) Nicaragua

(a) Heavy rains hit the central, pacific and northern regions of the country last week. According to Civil Defense, a total of 17 municipalities were affected in the Departments of Esteli, Nueva Segovia, Madriz, Leon, Chinandega, Granada, Northern Atlantic Region (RAAN), Matagalpa, Rio San Juan and Managua, affecting 393 families, 204 of whom were evacuated to temporary shelters. Three persons were reported dead. The Government, through the Secretariat of the National Disaster Response, Prevention and Mitigation System (SINAPRED), delivered relief items to 150 affected families for a 7-day period in the Departments of Matagalpa and Chinandega. According to the Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure, the estimated losses amount to more than USD180,000 in the Departments of Nueva Segovia, Madriz, Esteli, Leon, Matagalpa and Rio San Juan.

(b) The Ministry of Agriculture reports that the heavy rains have also delayed cultivation of crops in the Departments of Masaya and Rivas, while in Leon, Chinandega, Matagalpa, Chontales and Granada, crops of maize, beans, sorghum, peanuts and sugarcane have been destroyed or damaged.

(c) Hundreds of people are gathering once again on several points of the Pan-American Highway in the northern part of the country to demand Government compliance with the "Tunas Agreement" that put an end to last year's "plantones" (spontaneous roadside camps set up by unemployed coffee workers). Their main demands include access to land, food, medicines and permanent jobs. WFP is closely monitoring the situation.

(d) The second food distribution to the drought and flood-affected areas of the Northern Atlantic Region (RAAN) ended the week of 23 June, with 435 tons of food distributed to 57,510 pre- and primary school boys and girls. The third distribution of 347 tons of maize, rice, corn-soya milk, beans and vegetable oil began this week. The second food distribution under PRRO 10212.0 is expected to take place next week. 12,579 expectant and nursing mothers and children between 6 months and 2 years of age will be assisted in 12 municipalities in the Departments of Matagalpa, Jinotega and Madriz. 271 tons of food will be delivered for a 60-day period. The first distribution for the Food For Work component is also expected to be carried out during the second week of July. 5,200 families, amounting to 26,000 persons, will be assisted in 12 municipalities in the Departments of Matagalpa, Jinotega and Madriz. 247 tons of food will be delivered for a 30-day period. Activities will be carried out that help strengthen food insecure families' ability to withstand the negative effects of recurrent
shocks.

3) Ecuador

(a) WFP distributed food rations to 4,000 people last week in coordination with Civil Defense and the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock as a response to the emergency situation caused by lava and ash emissions from the crater Tungurahua volcano. The food rations were provided through a local contingency fund maintained by the Ministry of Social Affairs and the Ministry of Agriculture.

(b) Recurring ash emissions over the past three years have at times completely covered crops in 7 counties, particularly affecting traditional staple crops such as potatoes and beans and the health of livestock. Cumulative losses have been estimated at up to USD 24 million. WFP, other UN agencies and the Government are currently evaluating the food needs of those families whose food security has continued to deteriorate over the last 3 years as a result of the volcanic activity.

4) Peru

(a) A cold wave is hitting the highest zones of the Departments of Tacna and Puno. Sixty centimetres of snow have fallen in the last two days. This yearly phenomenon affects a large part of the population living in these areas, and places the most vulnerable, including young children, and particularly infants, at high risk of respiratory infections and other serious illness. It is estimated that thus far over 10,000 head of alpaca and llamas, the basic source of income for people inhabiting these zones, have been lost as a result of the cold. The Government, acting through Civil Defense and municipalities, is providing blankets, tents and food to the affected population. WFP closely monitors the situation.

G) Eastern Europe and the Caucasus: (1) Russian Federation, (2) Azerbaijan

1) Russian Federation

(a) The security situation in Chechnya continues to be critical. A recently repaired school where WFP is implementing its school feeding programme was blown up in Grozny. Following the amnesty announced by President Putin in early June, about 125 Chechens, including rebels, have applied for amnesty. From 16 to 30 June, 604 IDPs returned to Chechnya from Ingushetia, bringing the total number of IDPs in Ingushetia to 84,000.

b) In June WFP distributed a full-scale basic food ration to beneficiaries in Ingushetia and Chechnya, following several months in which vegetable oil and sugar was not available for relief distribution. 119 primary schools, out of a total of 165 in eight districts of Chechnya, are running summer camps for children. Hot meals and sweet buns are regularly distributed to those children through the schools. Two NGOs are implementing food-for-work activities in Grozny city, Sunzha and Grozny rural districts, in which about 1,500 unemployed people have participated. A Food Security Expert visited the North Caucasus from 23 to 29 June to assist Danish Refugee Council in revising methodology and fine-tuning training materials for a forthcoming household food economy survey in
Chechnya. WFP convened a regular food aid coordination meeting in Nazran on 19 June. Participants shared information on their current activities, pipeline status and other operational matters.

2) Azerbaijan

(a) During the third round of food distribution under PRRO 10168 "Targeted Food Assistance for Relief and Recovery of Displaced Persons and Vulnerable Groups in Azerbaijan" in May and June, a total of 1,997 tons of food was distributed to 131,225 beneficiaries, including 130,504 IDPs and 721 other vulnerable groups, of which 53 percent were women.

(b) In addition, a total of 11 tons of the school feeding rations, including wheat flour, oil, sugar, salt and wheat-soya blend, were distributed to 1,317 children in 23 schools. Regular monitoring of food distributions and the food security situation was undertaken by WFP and World Vision International (WVI). There are presently 10 WFP field monitors in Azerbaijan. A comprehensive database provides gender-/age-disaggregated beneficiary numbers and pipeline information.

(c) As of 30 June 2003, a total of 14,897 tons have been pledged against the 43,087 tons required under the PRRO 10168. This figure indicates that some 35 percent of requirements have been met, leaving a shortfall of 28,190 tons or 65 percent of the total requirements. Due to late arrivals, no sugar and tea were distributed in May and June. Another break in the sugar pipeline could be anticipated in September if an expected contribution of 300 tons does not arrive in time.

Note: All tonnage figures in this report refer to metric tons.