Angola + 23 more

WFP Emergency Report No. 23 of 2002


This report includes:
(A) East and Southern Africa Region: (1) Regional overview, (2) Zimbabwe, (3) Zambia, (4) Malawi, (5) Mozambique, (6) Swaziland, (7) Burundi, (8) Eritrea

(B) Middle East Region: (1) Palestinian Territories

(C) Asia Region: (1) DPR Korea

(D) Central Africa Region: (1) Angola, (2) Democratic Republic of Congo, (3) Central African Republic

(E) West Africa Region: (1) Guinea, (2) Sierra Leone, (3) Côte d'Ivoire, (4) Liberia

(F) Latin America and Caribbean Region: (1) Colombia, (2) El Salvador, (3) Guatemala, (4) Haiti, (5) Nicaragua, (6) Chile

(G) Eastern Europe Region: (1) North Caucasus

From Francesco Strippoli, Director of the Office of Humanitarian Affairs; available on the Internet on the WFP Home Page (www.wfp.org), or by e-mail from Zlatan.Milisic@wfp.org.

For information on resources, donors are requested to contact Valerie.Sequeira@wfp.org at WFP Rome, telephone 39 06 6513 2009. Media queries should be directed to Trevor.Rowe@wfp.org, telephone 39 06 6513 2602. The address of WFP is Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, 00148 Rome, Italy.

A) East and Southern Africa Region: (1) Regional overview, (2) Zimbabwe, (3) Zambia, (4) Malawi, (5) Mozambique, (6) Swaziland, (7) Burundi, (8) Eritrea

1) Regional overview

(a) WFP and OCHA co-hosted a regional consultation on Humanitarian Needs in Johannesburg, South Africa, on 6 and 7 June 2002. Over one hundred persons attended. The participants included Government representatives (donors and recipients), UN agencies, NGOs, SADC, FEWSnet and WFP. After this meeting the WFP team will prepare a regional EMOP that is due to begin 1 July.

(b) WFP has established a Management Coordination Unit for the regional Emergency Operation addressing the needs of the countries affected by the drought in the Southern Africa region. WFP staff is already operational in the office in Johannesburg and can be reached at +27 11 517 1634. Office address: WFP C/O Idion House, 11 Naivasha Road, CNR Naivasha/Naivasha, Sunninghill 2157, South Africa.

(c) EMOPs for Lesotho and Swaziland have been approved to support existing emergency activities

2) Zimbabwe

(a) By 4 June, WFP had reached 94.6 percent of the target 558,000 beneficiaries, providing a total of 10,825 tons of food since distributions started in February.

(b) There were no new pledges during the reporting period. Contributions to date amount to 57,280 tons out of an appeal for 117,000 tons of food. The EMOP faces a commodity shortfall in June, with stocks of just over 4,000 tons and scheduled arrivals of 6,460 tons against a monthly requirement of 8,875 tons. Urgent attempts are underway to reschedule in-kind shipments and regional purchases to speed up deliveries.

3) Zambia

(a) President Mwanawasa declared a national disaster due to the drought situation in Zambia. He stated that there will be a 630,000 tons maize shortfall overall, some 400,000 of which will be covered by the commercial sector and the rest through relief channels. Estimates are that some 2.3 million people need food aid. Projected maize needs are 174,000 tons.

(b) Overall, there has been a substantial decline in maize production this season in the Southern Province, and parts of Central, Eastern and Western Province. This was partly due to acutely irregular rainfall amount and patterns, as well as more chronic problems of loss of cattle/draught power from Corridor disease. Untimely access to fertilizer and quality seeds, recycling of hybrid seeds and heavy reliance on a single crop for income and consumption, also contributed to the declined maize production. Several of the most affected areas also experienced drastically reduced yields last season as well.

(c) The total tonnage dispatched to EDPs through the fifth week of the extended phase of the EMOP is 4,967 tons (April-July). The total tonnage distributed since the beginning of the EMOP in January is 13,300 tons. WFP continues to respond to the hardest hit areas of Zambia under its current EMOP. In fact, allocations to the hardest hit areas in several Southern Province districts will double during the next distribution. Since the beginning of the EMOP, about 16,000 tons has arrived in the country.

4) Malawi

(a) Maize prices in the southern region started to increase, which is a negative indicator because maize prices traditionally start increasing only from September/October.

(b) The first 3,000 tons of the expected shipment of 16,600 tons of food has arrived in the country as part of the contribution to the bridging emergency operation. The shipment to Malawi was part of a 33,000 tons shipment that also went to Zambia and Mozambique

(c) UNICEF/WFP are working on supplementary/therapeutic feeding strategy with NGO Consortium building on existing CP Assistance to Malnourished Groups.

5) Mozambique

(a) The FAO/WFP Crop and Food Supply Assessment Mission report for Mozambique was issued on 4 June. The mission estimates that approximately 515,000 people in poor households in 43 districts of the Southern and Central regions are facing severe food insecurity.

(b) Of these, 355,000 require immediate food assistances, estimated at some 53,000 tons of food aid from now through March 2003, while a second group of 160,000 people require 16,800 tons, starting from September 2002, when their current-year harvest produce will be exhausted.

(c) Severe dry weather during the 2001/02 cropping season sharply reduced crop yields in southern and parts of central Mozambique. In the main cereal growing areas of the northern region and remaining parts of the central region, abundant and well-distributed rains led to increased production of cereals.

6) Swaziland

(a) The WFP Emergency Coordinator took up her duties in Mbabane on 4 June and is now setting up the necessary arrangements in time for the arrival of the food.

7) Burundi

(a) The security situation did not improve in Burundi and some missions were cancelled due to security constraints. Fightings between the army and rebels persisted; armed robbery incidents, abductions and ambushes were reported. Several confrontations were reported in Butaganzwa and Nyabitsinda communes in Ruyigi province causing displacement of over 32,000 civilians. WFP intends to participate in a joint mission to determine urgent needs and provide assistance for this new group of IDPs, as soon as the Government can guarantee safe access for humanitarian agencies.

(b) Between 13 and 26 May, WFP distributed 2,150 tons of food to 198,100 vulnerable people under various programmes. Most of WFP assistance was provided through targeted distributions to over 183,000 persons living in food insecure areas in six provinces. Approximately 3,050 refugees from the Democratic Republic of Congo received WFP assistance in Rugombo (Cibitoke province). WFP also dispatched over 140 tons of food to assist over 8,600 vulnerable persons under a Quick Action Project and through social centres.

(c) In addition, WFP continued to assist both repatriates under the facilitated process and spontaneous repatriates from Tanzania. A total of 3,400 returnees were given WFP return package rations for 90 days in Ngozi province. UNHCR reported that 5,800 persons returned to the country under the facilitated process and over 1,100 did so spontaneously in May. WFP office in Tanzania reported that 72,500 refugees in Tanzania had applied for facilitated return in various refugee camps as of 19 May.

8) Eritrea

(a) During the month of May, WFP and the Eritrean Relief and Refugees Commission reported the distribution of over 3,800 tons of food to 265,800 war and drought-affected people. WFP conducted post distribution monitoring in the Ghel'alo and Foro sub regions (Northern Red Sea region) as well as in Guluj and Tessenei sub regions (Gash Barka region). Most beneficiaries knew their entitlement and confirmed receipt of correct rations.

(b) WFP assistance took place mainly through general food distributions, benefiting IDPs, expellees and returnees from Sudan. In addition, WFP is currently dispatching food in support of the Emergency School Feeding programme. WFP plans to expand its support to a total of 80,000 pupils in September. Under Food For Training, WFP continues to provide food to approximately 5,550 women in literacy sites throughout the Northern Red Sea and Anseba regions.

(c) WFP also continues to supply CSB for 1,500 malnourished children in clinics and communities in Halhal and Hamelmalo, under Therapeutic/Supplementary Feeding programmes. Therapeutic feeding has begun in eight hospitals/clinics in Anseba, Gash Barka, Northern Red Sea and Maekel regions. The programme targets 500 beneficiaries including severely malnourished children and also provides food for the caretakers.

B) Middle East Region: (1) Palestinian Territories

1) Palestinian Territories

(a) Most West Bank (WB) towns remain encircled by the Israeli Defence Forces (IDF). Movement of Palestinians within a Governorate of the WB is difficult; with many check points hindering population movement. Movement of Palestinians from one Governorate to another is virtually impossible. Movement of international staff is difficult as security conditions are constantly changing. This, together with the restrictions on the movement of national staff, makes monitoring of WFP activities difficult and often dangerous.

(b) EMOP 10190 was approved by WFP and FAO in mid-May at a total cost of USD 18.3 million and for a duration of eight months (May - December 2002). Under this EMOP WFP aims to provide basic food support to 500,000 non-refugee Palestinians, in the WB and Gaza, who have been negatively affected by the current situation. Specifically, WFP is targeting 360,000 people classified as 'social hardship cases' who have been eligible for welfare assistance from the Palestinian Authority. However, the Palestinian Ministry of Social Affairs has not been able to provide assistance for many months as a result of the fiscal crisis. The second largest group targeted for WFP assistance consists of 130,000 poor people, mainly unskilled workers who have been unemployed for over one year and have exhausted all their savings. In addition, WFP will provide food support to 10,000 people (children, anemic women, and the sick and elderly) who would need special attention and care under current conditions.

(c) In Jerusalem, an Emergency Food Crisis Group, chaired by WFP, has been established with membership from concerned UN agencies, NGOs and donors. The WFP secretariat compiles and disseminates information on food relief distributions. This enables cooperation and collaboration between the agencies. In this regard, WFP is closely coordinating with ICRC who are also planning a significant food assistance programme in the WB. To the extent possible, WFP will channel its food resources through FFW programmes for such activities as urban infrastructure rehabilitation and agricultural development.

Taking into account carry over from the previous operations, net requirements for EMOP 10190 amount to 41,200 tons. Since the launch of EMOP 10190, there have been no new food pledges. In order to respond adequately and quickly, WFP is in the process of procuring locally 7,900 tons of wheat flour. Unless there is an immediate response from donors, the nutritional situation of vulnerable populations will deteriorate even further. In addition, WFP has launched a USD 1.6 million Special Operation to enhance logistic capacity in transport. A fleet provided under a Standing Agreement with the Swedish Rescue Services Agency has arrived in country and has commenced deliveries of WFP food as well as other humanitarian cargo for other agencies.

C) Asia Region: (1) DPR Korea

1) DPR Korea

(a) WFP is concerned about the delay in donor response to its appeals in the past months, especially for cereals. The suspension of distributions during the lean season to the elderly and caregivers at institutions, as well as for secondary school children, continues this month. The food pipeline for cereals can only last for a couple of more months, before WFP is forced to curtail distributions to its core beneficiaries - orphans, young children and pregnant/nursing women. New contributions are urgently required to ensure a continuous food aid to the most vulnerable and malnourished people in the DPRK.

(b) Local Food Production factories in the country reported a record high production of 6,000 tons of enriched blended food in May. All eighteen factories were mainly operational and all, except for the noodle factories, exceeded their monthly targeted outputs for the month. Breaks in the pipeline in the next few months will affect the factories production capacity of blended food, and therefore WFP's ability to provide enriched fortified blended foods for the youngest children and pregnant/nursing women.

(c) Modalities for implementing a Nutrition Survey were agreed in principle between WFP and the DPRK government. The survey results are expected to identify the most vulnerable provinces in DPRK, as well as provide an assessment of the nutrition status in the country as a whole.

(d) The FAO-WFP Food Crop assessment mission schedule to the DPRK has been postponed to 22 June - 2 July. The mission will assess the early crop harvests compared to estimates made in the last Food Crop Mission in September-October 2001.

D) Central Africa Region: (1) Angola, (2) Democratic Republic of Congo, (3) Central African Republic

1) Angola

(a) Without further urgent donor contributions, WFP expects to face critical food shortages (particularly in maize and pulses) in October. Requirements are expected to continue to increase as WFP assistance is provided to IDPs in newly accessible areas. WFP dispatched food to its partners in support of life-saving nutritional projects in family reception areas in Bié, Benguela and Malange provinces.

(b) The FAO/WFP Crop and Food Supply Assessment Mission has completed its field work. In a briefing on 4 June, the FAO/WFP Crop and Food Supply Assessment mission informed the Ministry of Agriculture and the humanitarian community there would be very little food surplus for sale into urban areas. The WFP member of the mission reported that the number of people who will require food assistance in 2002/03 was expected to be higher than the 1.15 million estimated last year. Final conclusions will be released in July.

(c) A registration of the civilian UNITA family members will be carried out by German Agro Action (AAA) and WFP next week in Xingongo (Benguela province) ahead of a general food distribution. AAA confirmed the arrival of around 1,200 people in Balombo and Ganda. They were installed in several IDP camps, where they received WFP food assistance. Land mines are making access to Ganda and Chongoroi problematic.

(d) Due to the high prevalence of malnutrition in Ndele (Bié province), MSF-B established a supplementary feeding centre (SFC) for around 500 malnourished children with WFP support. WFP is preparing a registration followed by a general distribution in Ndele. WFP is currently registering and assisting new IDPs at Cuemba. 15,600 people have been registered so far. Around 290 new IDPs arrived in Kuito and Camacupa during the week and were assisted with WFP food.

(e) WFP and its partners registered around 10,000 vulnerable people for a general food distribution in the newly accessible areas of Ussoque, Vila Franca, Galanga and Loniumbali Sede (Huambo province). In Kuanza Sul province, two community kitchens were opened in Wako Kungo to assist approximately 3,000 malnourished children, pregnant women and elderly IDPs.

(f) WFP is currently undertaking a general food distribution in the newly accessible area of Chipindo (Huila province) to around 9,500 beneficiaries. The implementation of the distribution was constrained by extremely poor road conditions and telecommunications difficulties.

2) Democratic Republic of Congo

(a) WFP still requires 40,000 tons of food, corresponding to 30 percent of its total requirements under PRRO 6274.0, which addresses the rehabilitation and recovery needs of Congolese people throughout the country. As result, WFP expects to face cereals shortfalls in June and July. New contributions are urgently required to ensure continuous food assistance.

(b) Furthermore, EMOP 10166.00 "Assistance to Volcano Victims in Eastern DRC and Western Rwanda" was resourced at only 25 percent. Initial food distributions to the affected persons were made using loans from other WFP operations in the Great Lakes Region. These loans are being paid back so that food distributions to the other relief operations are not compromised.

(c) Following renewed insecurity in South Kivu province, new waves of IDPs towards Bukavu were reported. Civilians have been frequently victims of looting and harassment and humanitarian aid was suspended in several areas. Despite insecurity, WFP provided 65 tons of food aid to 7,000 beneficiaries, including malnourished children and their families in South Kivu province between 20 and 31 May.

(d) During the same period, WFP assisted 35,560 IDPs and 50,000 malnourished people through general food distributions in Kinshasa province. In addition, a caseload of 3,500 tuberculosis patients were assisted by WFP partners, BDOM and FRASKI. WFP has targeted over 300 refugees in Napassa camp (Kahemba province).

(e) WFP, in collaboration with ACF, targeted 2,000 beneficiaries under a nutritional project in Lubumbashi and Malemba - Nkulu (Katanga province). WFP provided 50 tons of food to over 3,500 beneficiaries in Dubie, Kilwa and Kiaka under a Vulnerable Group Feeding programme. WFP, in collaboration with ACF, delivered 70 tons of food to 1,000 beneficiaries near Lubumbashi through FFW activities.

3) Central African Republic

(a) With the normalization of the situation in DRC proceeding slowly, the refugees return is not imminent. More Congolese refugees becoming destitute due to poor economic conditions, continue to arrive from Bangui in the camp, where WFP food assistance is being provided. The camp population increased from 2,870 in April to 2,960 in May. WFP assisted them with 36 tons of food under EMOP 10038.00.

(b) Due to low food stocks, WFP food rations have been reduced to 1,514 Kcal per person per day. The new ration will permit current stocks to last until the end of July. WFP is monitoring the impact of the reduced ration on the nutritional situation, which is currently stable. WFP's assistance was expected to terminate on 31 July but will be expanded till the end of the year as per UNHCR's request.

(c) Following the exile to Chad of the former head of the CAR military in November 2001, insecurity reigns in a 40 km stretch of road from the Chad border, north of Kabo. Moyenne Sido and Mbo villages have experienced almost complete displacement of their population. Armed bandits have taken advantage of the situation and attacked a number of villages in the areas of Batangafo and Kabo, resulting in 7 deaths, the destruction of homes and belongings and the displacement of population. Further armed attacks continued in February and March.

(d) Following an assessment mission in April, WFP prepared an Immediate Response EMOP 10194 to provide assistance to 6,000 IDPs for a period of 3 months. So far, over 5,300 IDPs were identified as being in need of food assistance in Batangafo and Kabo. The Kabo IDPs have been allocated land and already started agricultural activities, which will make them less dependent within three months.

E) West Africa Region: (1) Guinea, (2) Sierra Leone, (3) Côte d'Ivoire, (4) Liberia

1) Guinea

(a) From 20 May to 2 June, WFP assisted over 41,200 vulnerable people under various programmes, providing them with 642 tons of food. This includes mainly assistance to refugees and IDPs as well as school children.

(b) The influx of new Liberian refugees decreased during the week. It is estimated that from 20 May to 2 June, 100 to 150 new refugees arrived per day (as compared to the 8,000 who arrived over a five-day period during the second week of May).

(c) Halted during the period of the elections, repatriation to Sierra Leone started again, although at a significant lower rate. Approximately 12,000 Sierra Leonean refugees have been repatriated since the beginning of 2002.

(d) WFP has sufficient food stocks until September but is expecting shortfalls in cereals in September and in CSB in November. These shortfalls will only be avoided if some contributions recently confirmed or the recently approved IRA commodities reach Guinea by the end of July. The chronic problem of the late arrival of vessels and the subsequent breaks in distribution may have disastrous consequences; food shortages already caused riots in Guinea last April.

2) Sierra Leone

(a) From 20 May to 2 June, WFP distributed approximately 1,200 tons of food to 91,100 beneficiaries.

(b) The influx of Liberian refugees into Sierra Leone has remained steady as fighting in Liberia continued. Because the number of refugees coming into Sierra Leone is expected to rise significantly in the next few months, WFP is preparing to support an additional 15,000 refugees by the end of the year. On 22 May, over 22 humanitarian agencies participated in a review of a draft inter-agency contingency plan targeting the expected Liberian refugees. UNHCR indicated that the current operational number of Liberian refugees in country is over 25,000 and all agencies should be prepared to handle a 50,000 caseload by year's end. Security situation continues to be calm throughout most of country. UNAMSIL patrols continue to monitor the Liberian border.

3) Côte d'Ivoire

(a) On 23 May UNHCR had registered a total of 9,170 refugees who have arrived in Côte d'Ivoire since 1 January, 3,269 of them since the renewed fighting in Bong county in early May. Following reports indicating that more refugees have arrived in the region via small paths and settled in villages with refugees from previous influxes, UNHCR is preparing an assessment mission.

(b) Over 17,200 refugees have arrived in Côte d'Ivoire since May 2001. WFP assists all those who volunteer to settle in Nicla refugee camp with food aid under the regional PRRO. During the last two weeks, 60 tons of food were distributed to over 3,400 beneficiaries.

4) Liberia

(a) From 25 April to 5 May, WFP distributed approximately 800 tons of food to 52,800 beneficiaries. This caseload includes 21,941 refugees, 24,442 IDPs, 3,400 malnourished children as well as 3,000 people benefiting from the institutional feeding programmes.

(b) The security situation in the country especially in the northwest, western and central Liberia remains fragile. Liberian government forces have regained control of the provincial city of Gbarnga, Arthington and other areas previously occupied by the dissidents. Access to IDPs and refugees in Sinje Camp, Grand Cape Mount County remains impossible because the Government has not granted an official clearance for UN agencies to return to the camp since they withdrew some three weeks ago due to the eruption of hostilities in that area.

(c) There are reports that Liberians are moving to the neighbouring countries. Their numbers are unknown. It is very likely that Sierra Leone, Guinea, Ivory Coast and Ghana will continue to receive more Liberians eager to distance themselves from the situation in the country.

(d) The Liberian Government has designated another site, Saigbeh, Montserrado County as the 5th official IDP Camp in view of the increasing number of displaced persons. WFP, in collaboration with the Government counterpart and other humanitarian actors, is working out the modalities to conduct verification of reported influx caseloads within Montserrado Camps and other areas, with the eventual aim of providing food assistance.

(e) The pressure on food stocks available continues to increase. However, the pipeline is viable until the end of August. Timely delivery of expected consignments is highly essential in order to meet the growing needs of IDPs and Refugees

F) Latin America and Caribbean Region: (1) Colombia, (2) El Salvador, (3) Guatemala, (4) Haiti, (5) Nicaragua, (6) Chile

1) Colombia

(a) The Uraba region targeted under PRRO 6139.0 continued to be affected by violence. The Government's Solidarity Social Network (RSS) reported that some 3,700 families arrived in Quibdo, in the Choco province from the Atrato River region after killings in Bojaya on 2 May. These newly arrived IDPs are reportedly lacking food. In addition, the sanitary conditions for 400 families settled in shelters are critical. Of the 44,000 people living along the River Atrato, some 14,500 persons are unable to leave their homes due to insecurity and have now become food insecure.

(b) Despite insecurity, WFP staff continued to travel to assess the needs of the most vulnerable people and monitor food deliveries. Upon a Government request and in coordination with ICRC and local organizations, WFP will be providing relief assistance to 13,800 persons that are displaced and isolated in the Atratro River region. Over 250 tons of food will be delivered next week. Relief assistance continues for one month to 500 children in the Quibdo region that are participating in a psychosocial programme.

(c) In the Norte de Santander province, the RSS and ICRC are distributing food to IDPs in the rapidly growing shantytowns around Convencion, Ocaña and other small cities, that have received an influx of more than 4,000 persons. WFP will start supporting IDPs with community kitchens and productive projects.

(d) The PRRO will continue delivering food for nutritional recovery and preschool programs in 5 provinces. It will also provide 170,000 rations for 34,000 school children in 39 municipalities. The operation began last week with 7 tons of food for community kitchens.

2) El Salvador

(a) The Government declared a yellow alert throughout the country, due to widespread flooding caused by heavy rains. Hundreds of persons were forced to evacuate from low-lying shantytowns to temporary shelters in San Salvador. Assessment teams have been sent to the worst affected areas and essential non-food items are being collected.

(b) The final distributions under the EMOP 10022 Assistance to Earthquake Victims are underway with an estimated 850 tons of food to be distributed over the coming month. Despite the heavy rains, people continue to be affected by the consequences of last year's drought in other parts of the country. Under PRRO 6089, WFP will distribute 500 tons of food in the worst drought-affected area over the next few weeks.

(c) EMOP implementation is proceeding according to plans, but delays are seen within the PRRO due to the limited capacity of NGOs working in the targeted areas. Other NGOs are expected to be included soon into the overall programme.

3) Guatemala

(a) The Ministry of Health has opened eight new nutritional recovery centres in Solola, Totonicapan, Zacapa and Quetzaltenango. They also opened 5 additional centers in hospitals located in Huehuetenango, Quiche and Quetzaltenango. WFP food distributions are being made, borrowing stocks from development activities. The EMOP 10174 continues with a large shortfall. Pulses and vegetable oil are urgently needed.

4) Haiti

(a) Rains continue in Haiti affecting thousands of people. On 31 May, the Government declared the cities of Sud and Grand Anse emergency areas. According to the Direction of Civil protection, as of 3 June, 15 persons had been reported dead and 4,400 families affected. On 7 June, a meeting between all UN agencies will take place. Based on the information provided during the meeting, WFP will decide what actions to follow.

5) Nicaragua

(a) According to the National System of Prevention, Attention and Mitigation of Disasters as a consequence of last week's rains 2,500 people were affected, 759 houses suffered damages, 7 bridges and 250 kilometers of highways were destroyed. On 28 May, the Government requested WFP's food assistance for the affected population that was evacuated to two of the main shelters in Managua. An assessment mission took place and food rations were provided immediately to over 1,900 persons in 27 shelters in Managua, Tipitapa, Sabana Grande, Nagarote, Nandaime and Belen. The affected population has begun to return home. WFP continue to monitor the situation.

6) Chile

(a) According to OCHA, the worst rains in eighty years have affected the central part of Chile. Nine people died, and more than forty-one thousand people have been evacuated. The following regions are under Red Alert: Valparaiso, Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins and the Metropolitan area. Over 171,000 persons have been affected. 6,000 people are in shelters and 21,000 houses have been damaged. The Government has not requested international assistance.

G) Eastern Europe Region: (1) North Caucasus

1) North Caucasus

(a) On 28 May, the Mid-year Review of the 2002 CAP for the North Caucasus was presented in Moscow. The continuation of the status quo is envisaged as the most likely scenario until the end of 2002 with likelihood that the security situation in Chechnya will remain problematic. The UN has revised its 2002 requirements down from USD 32 million to USD 25 million.

(b) Current food stocks will not be sufficient to cover the WFP requirements until the end of October. WFP expect to face a shortfall of an estimated 900 tons of sugar, 400 tons of vegetable oil and 100 tons of salt for the same period of time.

(c) In collaboration with its partners, WFP has distributed 4,250 tons of food during the month of May, assisting about 287,000 persons. This includes 127,000 IDPs in Ingushetia and 160,000 people in Chechnya.

(d) UNHCR monitors reported that during the second half of May, the number of IDPs crossing the Chechen-Ingush border increased to up to 1,000 people travelling in each direction daily. A total of 500 returnees to Chechnya were registered as well as 100 IDPs who arrived in Ingushetia. As of 28 May, DRC registered 132,350 IDPs from Chechnya in Ingushetia. The previous caseload as of mid-May was 139,556 IDPs in Ingushetia. As of 31 May, about 784,500 people were residing in the Republic of Chechnya, including over 140,000 IDPs and more than 121,000 vulnerable persons, according to DRC.

(e) WFP, in collaboration with PINF, supported FFW activities involving 420 participants (about 2,100 beneficiaries) engaged in cleaning the streets of Grozny, and also in rehabilitating two school buildings in Grozny. In May, about 17,500 primary schoolchildren were provided with daily hot meals in Grozny city, Achkhoy-Martan and Sunzha Districts of Chechnya under WFP's School Feeding initiative.

Note: All tonnage figures in this report refer to metric tons

(End WFP Emergency Report No 23)