Angola + 14 more

Uprooted Populations in Africa (Numbers As of January 1, 2001)

Statistical Update / World Refugee Survey 2001
Refugees Produced

African refugees at start of 2001: 3.3 million

Refugee increase in past year: 200,000

Refugee increase in past 2 years: 400,000

10 leading refugee-producing countries or territories in Africa:

1) Sudan: 460,000

2) Burundi: 420,000

3) Angola: 400,000

4) Sierra Leone: 400,000

5) Somalia: 370,000

6) Congo Kinshasa: 350,000

7) Eritrea: 350,000

8) Liberia: 200,000

9) Western Sahara: 110,000

10) Rwanda: 55,000

Among world's 11 largest refugee-producing countries: 7 are in Africa.

[11 largest sources of refugees: Palestinians, Afghanistan, Sudan, Iraq, Burundi, Angola, Sierra Leone, Burma, Somalia, Congo-Kinshasa, Eritrea.]

Number of African countries or territories producing 10,000 or more refugees: 17

Number of African countries or territories producing 100,000 or more refugees: 9

Number of African countries or territories producing a quarter-million or more refugees: 7

Half of all African refugees originate from 4 countries:

Sudan, Burundi, Angola, Sierra Leone

Nearly 75 percent of all African refugees originate from 6 countries:

Sudan: 14%

Burundi: 13%

Angola: 12%

Sierra Leone: 12%

Somalia: 11%

Congo-Kinshasa: 10%

Largest new refugee flows during 2000:

1) from Congo-Kinshasa: 140,000 new refugees

2) from Burundi: 80,000 new refugees

3) from Eritrea: 80,000 new refugees

4) from Angola: 70,000 new refugees

Refugees Hosted

Nearly one-quarter of the world's refugees are in Africa

1) Middle East: 6 million refugees (41% of world total)

2) Africa: 3.3 million (23%)

3) South/Central Asia: 2.6 million (18%)

4) Europe: 1.1 million (7%)

5) East Asia/Pacific: 790,000 (5%)

6) Americas/Caribbean: 560,000 (4%)

10 leading refugee-hosting countries in Africa

1) Tanzania = 540,000 (refugees primarily from Burundi, Congo-Kinshasa)

2) Guinea = 390,000 (refugees from Sierra Leone, Liberia)

3) Sudan = 385,000 (primarily from Eritrea)

4) Congo-Kinshasa = 275,000 (primarily from Angola, Sudan)

5) Zambia = 255,000 (primarily from Angola, Congo-Kinshasa)

6) Kenya = 230,000 (primarily from Somalia, Sudan)

7) Uganda = 230,000 (primarily from Sudan)

8) Ethiopia = 190,000 (primarily from Somalia, Sudan)

9) Congo-Brazzaville = 125,000 (primarily from Congo-Kinshasa, Angola)

10) Cote d'Ivoire = 95,000 (primarily from Liberia)

Number of African countries hosting 10,000 or more refugees: 29

Number of African countries hosting 100,000 or more refugees: 9

Number of African countries hosting quarter-million or more refugees: 5

Five countries host more than half of all African refugees

Tanzania: 16%

Guinea: 12%

Sudan: 12%

Congo-Kinshasa: 8%

Zambia: 8%

Three countries host 40 percent of all African refugees:

Tanzania: 16%

Guinea: 12%

Sudan: 12%

African refugees living in asylum countries afflicted by violence

1.9 million refugees live in 13 conflicted asylum countries (57% of African refugees)

1) Guinea: hosts 390,000 refugees despite armed incursions

2) Sudan: hosts 385,000 refugees despite civil war and displacement

3) Congo-Kinshasa: hosts 275,000 refugees despite war and massive displacement

4) Zambia: hosts 255,000 refugees despite armed border incursions

5) Uganda: hosts 230,000 despite rebel incursions and displacement

6) Ethiopia: hosts 195,000 despite border war and significant displacement

7) Algeria: hosts 85,000 despite civil war and significant displacement

8) Liberia: hosts 70,000 refugees despite armed incursions in Liberia

9) Angola: hosts 12,000 refugees despite civil war

10) Nigeria: hosts 10,000 despite political and religious violence

11) Burundi: hosts 6,000 despite civil war and massive displacement

12) Sierra Leone: hosts 3,000 despite civil war and massive displacement

13) Eritrea: hosts 1,000 despite border war and significant displacement

Internally Displaced Persons

Internally displaced persons at start of 2001: 9.8 million to 13 million

Top 10 producers of internally displaced persons in Africa:

1) Sudan: 4 million

2) Congo-Kinshasa: 1.8 million

3) Angola: 1 million to 3.8 million

4) Burundi: 600,000

5) Sierra Leone: 500,000 to 1 million

6) Uganda: 500,000

7) Eritrea: 310,000

8) Somalia: 300,000

9) Ethiopia: 280,000

10) Rwanda: 150,000

Number of African countries with 10,000 or more internally displaced persons:

15 countries [Sudan, Congo-Kinshasa, Angola, Burundi, Sierra Leone, Uganda, Eritrea, Somalia, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Kenya, Algeria, Guinea, Congo-Brazzaville, Liberia]

Number of African countries with 100,000 or more internally displaced persons:

12 countries [Sudan, Congo-Kinshasa, Angola, Burundi, Sierra Leone, Uganda, Eritrea, Somalia, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Kenya, Algeria]

Number of African countries with quarter-million or more internally displaced persons:

9 countries [Sudan, Congo-Kinshasa, Angola, Burundi, Sierra Leone, Uganda, Eritrea, Somalia, Ethiopia]

African countries with half-million or more internally displaced persons:

6 countries [Sudan, Congo-Kinshasa, Angola, Burundi, Sierra Leone, Uganda]

Largest new internal displacement in Africa during 2000:

1) Congo-Kinshasa: approximately 1 million newly displaced

2) Angola: approximately 200,000 newly displaced

3) Burundi: approximately 70,000 newly displaced

Total Uprooted (Refugees and Internally Displaced Combined)

Africa's total uprooted population at start of 2001: 13.1 million to 16.3 million

Increase in Africa's total uprooted population in past 2 years: 1.9 million

Increase in Africa's total uprooted population in past 3 years: 2.4 million

Africa's 10 leading sources of uprooted people:

Sudan: 4.4 million

Congo-Kinshasa: 2.1 million

Angola: 1.5 million (or up to 4.2 million)

Burundi: 1 million

Sierra Leone: 900,000 (or up to 1.4 million)

Somalia: 670,000

Eritrea: 660,000

Uganda: 520,000

Ethiopia: 320,000

Liberia: 220,000

Number of African countries producing 1 million or more uprooted people:

4 countries [Sudan, Congo-Kinshasa, Angola, Burundi [plus 5th country, Sierra Leone, if higher estimates used]

Number of African countries producing a half-million or more uprooted people:

8 countries [Sudan, Congo-Kinshasa, Angola, Burundi, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Eritrea, Uganda]

Number of African countries producing 100,000 or more uprooted people:

13 countries [Sudan, Congo-Kinshasa, Angola, Burundi, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Eritrea, Uganda, Ethiopia, Liberia, Rwanda, Algeria, Kenya]

Number of African countries producing 10,000 or more uprooted people:

20 countries [Sudan, Congo-Kinshasa, Angola, Burundi, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Eritrea, Uganda, Ethiopia, Liberia, Rwanda, Algeria, Kenya, Guinea, Congo-Brazzaville, Chad, Western Sahara, Mauritania, Ghana, Senegal]

Half of all uprooted people in Africa originate from 2 countries:

Sudan = 33%

Congo-Kinshasa = 16%

70 percent of all uprooted people in Africa originate from 4 countries:

Sudan: 33%

Congo-Kinshasa: 16%

Angola: 11% (or more)

Burundi: 8%

Number of Africans newly uprooted during 2000:

2.9 million from 20 countries [Algeria, Angola, Burundi, Congo-Kinshasa, Cote d'Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Liberia, Libya, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe]

Seven largest sources of new uprooted populations in Africa during 2000
(new refugees and new internally displaced combined):

1) Congo-Kinshasa: 1 million newly uprooted (or more)

2) Eritrea: 750,000

3) Angola: 300,000

4) Sierra Leone: 200,000

5) Burundi: 150,000

6) Uganda: 120,000

7) Liberia: 50,000

Refugee Repatriation

Number of voluntary refugee repatriations in Africa in 2000:

270,000 to 14 countries

Seven largest voluntary repatriations in 2000:

1) to Somalia: 75,000

2) to Eritrea: 50,000

3) to Liberia: 40,000

4) to Sierra Leone: 35,000

5) to Rwanda: 25,000

6) to Congo-Brazzaville: 10,000

7) to Burundi: 10,000

Number of voluntary refugee repatriations in past 2 years: 520,000

Number of voluntary repatriations in past 3 years: 980,000

Number of voluntary repatriations in past 5 years: 1.9 million

Contact: Jeff Drumtra
202-347-3507
jdrumtra@irsa-uscr.org