• An estimated 1.42 million people (756,000 children) are affected by the drought, including 800,000 people food insecure in the provinces of Cunene,
Namibe and Huila.
• In 2016, the estimated caseload of children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the 7 most affected provinces is 95,877, with 44,511 cases registered in the Provinces of Huila, Cunene and Namibe.
• Over 11,513 children under five with SAM have been treated through therapeutic treatment programmes assisted by UNICEF in 2016.
• UNICEF has reached 24,000 people with access to safe water through the rehabilitation of 38 water pumps in 2016.
• UNICEF in partnership with Red Cross Angola reached more than 320,000 people with house to house visits, mass media and social mobilization during the fifth phase of the Yellow Fever vaccination campaign targeting 8 priority districts in 6 provinces • More than 18 million people (6 months and older) have been vaccinated for Yellow Fever in 14 provinces and UNICEF is currently procuring 3 million additional doses of vaccines.
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
Severe droughts are affecting 7 provinces (Cunene, Huila, Namibe, Benguela, Cuando Cubango, Cuanza Sul and Huambo). Most affected are the three border provinces of Cunene, Namibe and Huila where UNICEF is focusing its interventions. This year El Nino effects have resulted in food production losses of nearly 90% and have left 800,000 people food insecure. Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) rates have doubled from 2.8% SAM cases in June 2015 to between 5%-7% currently, while Global Acute Malnutrition rates (GAM) currently range between 15%-21%.
People are using unclean water for drinking, washing and cooking; including sharing untreated contaminated water with animals, giving rise to diarrhoea and other diseases. Approximately 30% of existing boreholes in the most affected provinces are non-functional. The drought has increased migration, including the movement of entire communities, some of whom are crossing international borders. The drought has increased protection risks and violations of children such as rape, transactional sex and exploitative child labour, among others. The food security situation may not improve until the next major harvest season, even with the advent of the rainy season.