An estimated 1.42 million people (756,000 children) are affected by the drought, including 800,000 people food insecure in the provinces of Cunene, Namibe and Huila.
17,762 children under five with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) have been treated through therapeutic treatment programmes assisted by UNICEF in 2016.
UNICEF has provided 52,500 people with access to safe water through the rehabilitation of 105 water pumps in 2016.
UNICEF supported the Ministry of Health in a vaccination campaign against measles in the three target provinces reaching 242,972 children.
The Ministry of Health declared an end to the Yellow Fever outbreak since no new cases were reported since June 2016. UNICEF secured an additional 3.4 million doses of Yellow Fever vaccine through an agreement with the Russian Federation for prevention. More than 18 million people (6 months and older) have been vaccinated for Yellow Fever.
A number of suspected cholera cases were reported from Zaire province, a region bordering DRC along the Congo River, which are being investigated.
Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs
Severe droughts are affecting seven provinces (Cunene, Huila, Namibe, Benguela, Cuando Cubango, Cuanza Sul and Huambo). Most affected are the three border provinces of Cunene, Namibe and Huila where UNICEF is focusing its interventions. This year El Nino effects have resulted in food production losses of nearly 90% and have left 800,000 people food insecure. Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) rates have doubled from 2.8% SAM cases in June 2015 to between 5%-7% currently, while global acute malnutritio (GAM) rates currently range between 15%-21%.
People are using unclean water for drinking, washing and cooking; including sharing untreated contaminated water with animals, giving rise to diarrhoea and other diseases. Approximately 30% of existing boreholes in the most affected provinces are non-functional. The drought has increased migration, including the movement of entire communities, some of whom are crossing international borders. The drought has increased protection risks and violations of children such as rape, transactional sex and exploitative child labour, among others.
In the province of Zaire a number of suspected cholera cases have been reported in December. The Ministry of Health has stepped up surveillance of the cases and is closely coordinating with the provincial health authorities. A Yellow Fever outbreak was declared in January 2016, until today 4,436 suspected cases, 884 confirmed cases and 381 deaths were registered. Yellow Fever has been laboratory confirmed in 16 out of 18 provinces in the country. The last confirmed cases were recorded on 23 June 2016 in Cunene and Cuanza Norte provinces. The Ministry of Health therefore declared an end to the Yellow Fever outbreak on 23 December 2016 and assured continuous surveillance and provision of vaccines for the remaining unvaccinated population.