An estimated 1.42 million people (756,000 children) are affected by the drought, including 800,000 people food insecure in the provinces of Cunene, Namibe and Huila.
In 2016, the estimated caseload of children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the 7 most affected provinces is 95,877, with 44,511 cases registered in the Provinces of Huila, Cunene and Namibe.
Over 10,000 children under five with SAM have been treated through therapeutic treatment programmes assisted by UNICEF in 2016.
Since 23 June 2016, no new confirmed cases of Yellow Fever have been reported. The fifth phase of the Yellow Fever vaccination campaign started on 10October targeting 8 priority districts in 6 provinces.
Since the start of the year, over 16 million people (6 months and older) have been vaccinated for Yellow Fever in 14 provinces.
UNICEF has reached 9,500 people with access to safe water through the rehabilitation of 19 water pumps in 2016.
UNICEF, in partnership with Red Cross Angola, reached an estimated 73,000 people with health prevention messages in the southern drought affected provinces.
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
Severe droughts are affecting 7 provinces (Cunene, Huila, Namibe, Benguela, Cuando Cubango, Cuanza Sul and Huambo). Most affected are the three border provinces of Cunene, Namibe and Huila where UNICEF is focusing its interventions. This year El Nino has resulted in food production losses of nearly 90% and has left 800,000 people facing food insecurity. SAM rates have doubled from 2.8% SAM cases in June 2015 to between 5%-7% currently, while Global Acute Malnutrition rates (GAM) currently range between 15%-21%.
People are using unclean water for drinking, washing and cooking; including sharing untreated contaminated water with animals, giving rise to diarrhoea and other water-borne diseases. Approximately 30% of existing boreholes in the most affected provinces are non-functional. The drought is increasing migration, including the movement of entire communities, some of whom are crossing international borders. The drought has increased protection risks and violations of children such as rape, transactional sex and exploitative child labour, among others. The food security situation is expected to worsen from August to the end of the year due to meagre yields and possible flooding with the onset of the rainy season.