Special project to support the reintegration of ex-combatants in the framework of the peace process in Angola
TF Name: Special Project to Support
the Reintegration of Ex-Combatants in the Framework of the Peace Process
TF Number: TF052486
Report Date: December, 31, 2005
Net Grant Amount: $4,335,000
Donor(s): MDTF (TF050574-- Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, UK, EC)
Approval Date: August, 20, 2003
Closing Date: June 30, 2005
A. GRANT OBJECTIVES
Original Statement of Grant Objectives
Provide original statement of objectives from the approving grant or cleared IBTF.
To assist the Government of Angola in Demobilizing and Reintegrating ex-combatants and their families within its territory, into civil society through the provision of social and economic assistance.
The project had three specific components with the following distinct activities:
a. Provision of basic agricultural assistance for 50,000 ex-combatants and their families for one year including provision of seeds, tools and technical support
b. Provision of support to enable ex-combatants to carry out income-generating activities including:
(i) Provision of business management training and micro-credit,
(ii) Carrying out of community works activities such as rehabilitation of infrastructure and provision of public services, and
(iii) Vocational training
c. Capacity building for the beneficiary's "Instituto de Reintegraç=E3o Socio - Profissional dos Ex -- Militares" (IRSEM) through the provision of technical advisory services and training.
Background. This project was launched following the signing of the Luena Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of Angola and UNITA (the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola, i.e., the principal opposition group that had been waging war against the Government for more than 25 years) in April 2002. The trust funded "special" project served to pilot the national demobilization and reintegration program (the ADRP) that was being prepared by the Government with the help of the World Bank, but which was delayed in becoming effective. Therefore, donors to a multi-donor trust fund that was established to finance the Multicountry Demobilization and Reintegration Program (MDRP) for the greater Great Lakes region recommended that the Government make use of the funds available under the MDTF to quickly start reintegration activities for the ex-UNITA combatants demobilized in the first half of 2003. Capacity constraints on the side of Government that were delaying preparation and effectiveness of the national program led the Bank to recommend that UNDP and other UN agencies take the lead in implementing this grant. However, given the larger context in which the project was to work, capacity building was made a key focus of the grant.
Changes to Grant Objectives
If original objectives have been changed, explain the nature of the revisions and the justification for them.
Achievement of Grant Objectives
Discuss and rate the extent to which the activity achieved its relevant objectives.
Of the three stated objectives, the project clearly was successful in achieving the first and third regarding (i) provision of basic agriculture assistance, and (ii) capacity building of IRSEM, as discussed below. Specifically, almost 90% of the target beneficiaries for agricultural assistance were reached, and savings realized in the implementation of the component allowed the project to augment the support to communities thereby enhancing community reception and social reintegration. An independent review of the larger Bank project in which this trust funded activity fits specifically found a high and positive level of community acceptance of returning excombatants. Regarding the second objective, the project was also successful in providing income-generation assistance support to more than the planned number of beneficiaries through vocational training, micro-credit and community works. However, it is unclear whether or not all those that participated in these activities were eligible post-Luena ex-combatants. Furthermore, insufficient data exist to say if the income-generation activities have been sustainable.
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