OIKOS Appeal: Emergency Aid for Angola

Originally published

Condemns the war,
Appeals for lasting peace and
Helps the victims of the war.
The victims have the right of our solidarity today

To: NGOs and Humanitarian Agencies

From: OIKOS Cooperação e Desenvolvimento
Rua Santiago 9
1100-493 Lisbon
Tel. 351-1-882 36 30
Fax 351-1-882 36 35

For: ANGOLA: Huambo and Malange
Date : Lisboa/Luanda 1999-02-08

1. The Situation

During the month of December of 1998 the war exploded, once more, in the Central Plateau of Angola. The main areas affected are Huambo, Kuito, Malange and Soyo.

Both armies (UNITA and Angolan Government) are heavily equipped with modern weapons and they seem determined to fight this war for the last time. The immediate results are:

  • A new wave of destruction of infrastructures and of human lives
  • Huge numbers of new internally displaced people
  • Dramatic shortage of food supplies in these areas

According to numbers provided by UCAH (Nações Unidas - Unidade de Coordenação para Assistência Humanitária) the situation of the Internally Displaced People (IDP) in January 1999 was the following:
  • Reported number of New IDPs: 733,798
  • Total number of Old IDPs registered: 593,700

We are under the impression that the number of new IDPs may be higher than the one presented by UCAH, because:
  • Since June most of the UN and international NGO workers' were advised, for security reasons, to remain within the Provincial Headquarters. These were later withdrawn to Luanda. Most probably these numbers ignore people who moved to smaller towns and those arrived since the beginning of the war.
  • Heavy fighting has increased since January 1999 and extended to oil producing areas.
  • The fear for the repetition of 93/94 experience made people cautious and ready to flee at the first sign of war and insecurity.
  • To the number of the new IDPs we have to add a great number of old IDPs who did not return to their areas because of the insecurity and the low-war experienced in most areas of the country.
  • To the number of the reported and confirmed new and old IDPs we have to add the host population, especially the poor and most vulnerable, who suffer from the same shortage of the food and of basic necessities. Insecurity and violence, military controlled areas and the destruction of bridges make the road transport of food almost impossible.
  • New areas were re-mined making it very difficult and unsafe to travel and for people to work in their fields.

These circumstances are the main causes for the rapid degradation of the humanitarian situation in Angola and, in a special way, in the areas of intense warfare.

2. Objectives of the appeal

To collect funds in order to respond to the immediate needs of the population affected by the war in Angola. An immediate and integrated response would prevent the situation to deteriorate to the levels of poverty and humiliation experienced in 93/94.

The funds collected will be used to purchase non-food items necessary in situations of huge numbers of displaced people.

The food to be distributed will be provided by World Food Programme and by NESA (Núcleo Europeu de Segurança Alimentar/Delegação da Comissão Europeia em Luanda).

The project will have two sorts of objectives:

  • Immediate objectives
    To respond the m ost urgent and basic needs of the population with the distribution of food, house items and Provision of basic equipment and medical products to the health units of the area.
  • Short/Medium term objectives
    To distribute seeds and agricultural tools in order to involve the people in their own food self-sufficiency.

3. Areas covered and target group

The funds collected will be applied in Huambo and Malange where OIKOS has had a continuous presence since 1990. OIKOS has offices, a permanent team and means of transport in both towns and can guarantee the immediate distribution to the beneficiaries of the means made available.

In Huambo the new registered IDPs were, on the 31st of December 98, 114 616. The picture of the drama experienced by these people will be completed if we add, as well, the number of old IDPs and the generalised shortage of food caused by the military activities in the area.

OIKOS' Emergency Programme in Huambo proposes to help 4.000 families, circa 20.000 people displaced, mainly, from the municipalities of Chipipa and Calima Sul and living in the area of Benfica and Comandante Bandeira in Calima at 16 Kms from the centre of Huambo. OIKOS has worked in these two municipalities during the past 4 years. The 20.000 people include, as well, the local population that have welcomed the displaced and shared with them their resources and their land. They are equally victims of the same war.

In Malange the new registered IDPs were, on the 31st of December 98, 72.843. This number has increased since then because during the month of January the area has been under heavy fight and bombardments. There is a great concentration of weapons and men and the surrounding areas have been remined.

OIKOS' Emergency Programme in Malange, intends to help 4.000 families circa 20.000 people displaced, mainly, from Kangandala and Mussende Municipalities living in the periphery of town. OIKOS knows these people because of the work done in these two municipalities during the last 8 years. The 20.000 people include, as well, the local population that welcomed the displaced and shared with them their resources and their land. They are equally victims of the same war

4. Duration

The project will have the duration of SIX months starting from the 1st February 1999. OIKOS used the products that had in stock during the first two months (December and January) of the crisis.

5. Products needed

The programme will include the distribution of the following products:
The list we propose include quantities needed for Huambo and Malange.

  • Food
    OIKOS has negotiated with WFP and NESA the food needed for the programme. The distribution ratio will follow WFP regulations.
  • House kits and hygienic products
    8.000 house kits and 8.000 Jerry cans
    42 Tons of blue soap
  • Blankets and clothes
    21.600 blankets and 22 Tons of second hand clothes
  • Agriculture input
    16.000 hoes and 8.000 pangas
    Horticulture seeds
    Seeds (to be negotiated with NESA).
  • Medical products
    Basic equipment and medicaments for 4 health centres (2 in Huambo and 2 in Malange).
    The budget will include as well the cost of
  • Human resources in equal number for each of the projects:
    • Expatriates (4): Doctor and Coordinator
    • Locals (44): Administrator/logistic (2), Nurses (8) wear-house manager (2) field workers (8), helpers (12) and watchmen and guards (12).
  • Logistics and transport in Luanda and in both areas covered
  • Administration costs

6. Budget (Expressed in EUROs)
Total Cost (Euros)
1. Human resources:
2. Non-Food emergency products
3. Agriculture inputs
4. Medical products
5. Logistics and transport
6. Administrative costs (6%) and
contingencies (5%)

7. Financing plan

US$ = 1.1263
Total cost of the project
OIKOS' own contribution
Expected from this appeal

Donations can be made to:
OIKOS Cooperação e Desenvolvimento
Banco Comercial Português
Rua Augusta, 62-74
1100 Lisbon - Portugal
Account Number: 003300000000522073505