Humanitarian situation in Angola: Reporting period 16 - 30 Nov 2001
- New IDPs continue to arrive in Barra do Dande and Caxito, Bengo Province
- Seven resettlement sites open and four transit centres close, Huambo Province
- Large numbers of new IDPs continue to arrive in Caconda, Huíla Province
- Forcibly displaced populations from Huambo continue to arrive in Luanda Province
- Malnutrition levels are reportedly increasing in Menongue, Kuando Kubango Province
- More than 1,000 families are resettled at Muandonji, Lunda Sul Province
- New measles cases and related deaths continue in Quessua, Malanje Province
- Displaced populations arrive in Luena, Moxico Province
On 27 November, the 2002 Consolidated Inter-Agency Appeal for Angola was launched simultaneously in Geneva and Luanda. The Appeal was prepared by humanitarian partners in full consultation with the Government of the Republic of Angola. The strategies in the Appeal reflect the Government's priorities in reducing dependency, building self-reliance, decentralising coordination and strengthening local capacities. The main aim of the Appeal is to alleviate the worst aspects of the humanitarian crisis in Angola by addressing the critical needs of the most vulnerable populations while laying the groundwork for social and economic recovery. The 2002 Appeal includes 130 UN and NGO projects in 13 sectors for a total amount of US$ 232,768,666.
Training on IDP Protection
From 26-30 November, 40 Government officials received training in IDP protection. The training was conducted by OCHA, with support from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and senior staff from the military attorney's office. Participants included members of the joint chiefs of staff, the Inter-Ministerial Commission for the Peace Process, the Ministry of External Relations (MIREX) and the Ministry of Social Affairs and Reintegration (MINARS). In addition, all of the provincial coordinators from the Technical Unit for the Coordination of Humanitarian Assistance (UTCAH) and provincial national officers and field assistants from OCHA participated.
Bengo Province: As a result of insecurity in the area of Ambriz, approximately 1,500 newly displaced persons arrived in Barra do Dande. Additional internally displaced persons (IDPs) from the area are expected to arrive in Caxito and Barra do Dande in the coming weeks. MINARS has provided food assistance through the local community kitchen. In addition, German Agro Action (AAA) is preparing emergency kits containing food rations for 15 days, soap, plastic sheeting and buckets. INTERSOS is rehabilitating the water system to increase access to potable water.
Benguela Province: Between 17 and 23 November, 35 new IDPs from Tumbulo commune arrived at the Cassiva camps in Cubal. Associaç=E3o para Apoio ao Desenvolvimento Comunitário (AADC) and Okuituka are providing food assistance to the new arrivals.
Approximately 2,000 IDPs from the Hungulo IDP camp have resettled at the Elongo resettlement area since the beginning of November. Local authorities plan to resettle a total of 3,000 IDPs at the site. AAA is providing seeds, tools, fertilisers and other essential non-food items to the newly resettled families.
Bié Province: As part of a continuous response to the measles outbreak that began in August, 16,247 persons up to 15 years of age received measles vaccinations in Kuito between 21 and 24 November.
Huambo Province: OIKOS has completed construction of the Lomanda - Chipipa, Desvio do Bongo and Cassola resettlement sites in Huambo and Longonjo. At present, 1,670 IDP families are living at the sites. Each of the sites includes additional space to accommodate new arrivals. The opening of these resettlement areas coincides with the closure of four transit centres in Chipipa and Longonjo. The three resettlement projects were funded through the OCHA Emergency Response Fund and supported by the World Food Programme (WFP) through a food-for-work scheme.
In addition, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) officially opened the Kapongo, Tchitue, Kachaca and Muangunja resettlement areas in Caála, Chipipa and Ekunha. The four resettlement areas have been designed to facilitate the resettlement and reintegration of former combatants with support from resident communities.
As a result of an anti-tank mine incident on 27 November, humanitarian operations were temporarily suspended in Ukuma. Resumption of activities is pending thorough mine verification.
Huíla Province: On 16 November, representatives of MINSA=B4s provincial nutritional programme and the NGO, Nouva Fronteira, carried out a nutritional survey in Hoque and Cacula (Kavissi II, Chiquaqueia and Matome I resettlement areas). The survey of 333 children demonstrated malnutrition rates above ten percent in Tchiquaqueia, MatomeI and Hoque. As a follow-up, a joint assessment mission to Hoque and Cacula took place on 29 November. The mission was composed of representatives of the Government, UN Agencies and NGOs. The priority actions recommended by the plan of action produced by the mission include the opening of communal kitchens in Tchiquaqueia and Matome I and the reinforcement of the therapeutic feeding centre at the Cacula health centre.
Médicos sin Fronteras-Spain (MSF-E) installed two 15,000 litre water tanks in the Canjinguity IDP camp and resettlement area to improve conditions for new arrivals. The organisation also improved an existing well near the health post.
During the second half of November, the Clube de Jovens continued with its mine awareness campaigns in seven localities in Lubango district, benefiting 487 persons. Mine awareness activities were also carried out in Matala, Quipungo and Humpata, benefiting 527 persons, primarily IDPs. Norwegian People=B4s Aid (NPA) concluded de-mining activities in Olivença, Viamba I, II and II and all areas located between Hoque and Cacula. NPA began clearing a new area four km north of Quipungo during the reporting period.
The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) completed and equipped a primary school for approximately 360 displaced children in the Njevei resettlement area (Matala). An additional primary school is under construction in Fazenda Tomba, also in Matala.
Between 16 and 20 November, more than 1,300 IDPs arrived in Caconda from insecure areas in the north of the province. Many of the new arrivals have arrived in poor condition.
Kuando Kubango Province: Between 20 and 30 November, 352 new IDPs from insecure areas within the province arrived at the Menongue reception centre. In addition, 214 IDPs arrived in Kuito Kuanavale. MINARS continued to resettle populations from the reception centre in Menongue to sites in Chipompo and Savipanda. At the end of the month, however, approximately 700 IDPs remained at the centre awaiting resettlement.
Recent reports from Acción Contra el Hambre's (ACH) mobile nutrition monitoring teams in Menongue indicate that malnutrition levels have increased among IDP and resident children since September. ACH and Médecins sans Frontières - Switzerland (MSF-CH) will continue to monitor the situation through nutrition screenings and surveys. The therapeutic feeding centre at the hospital and four supplementary feeding centres will continue to provide assistance to vulnerable populations. In addition, WFP is prepared to open four additional community kitchens in bairros with the highest incidences of malnutrition.
Luanda Province: On 16 November, 748 people from Bimbe commune in the Municipality of Bailundo were transported by the Angolan Armed Forces (FAA) to Malanje camp in Viana, bringing the total number of persons transported by the FAA from Huambo to Luanda during November to 804. Additional IDPs from Bimbe and other insecure areas in Huambo Province are expected to arrive in Luanda in coming weeks. Some new arrivals have extended families in Luanda, although many do not know where their families are living. A joint mission composed of representatives from UN Agencies and NGOs visited the new arrivals in Viana during the third week of November. The population has received tents, blankets and food from MINARS. Additional food assistance, kitchen kits and buckets are urgently required. Many of the new arrivals are reported to have scabies. In addition, 15 children have been diagnosed with measles. Partners continue to urge MINARS to provide assistance and facilitate reunification programmes. In addition, partners recommend that the Ministry of Health (MINSA) and NGOs working in the health sector conduct an emergency vaccination campaign and provide basic health services as a matter of priority.
Lunda Sul Province: On 30 November, approximately 480 new IDPs from Lubalo, Alto Chipaca and Luau were registered in Saurimo. More than 1,100 IDP families from Chiluange were resettled at the Muandonji resettlement site. Newly resettled populations are receiving support from Lutheran World Federation (LWF) and WFP.
MSF-CH, in coordination with provincial health authorities, will begin a vaccination campaign against measles at resettlement areas near Saurimo during the first week of December.
Malanje Province: Between 14 and 30 November, more than 100 IDPs from insecure areas in Malanje, Bié and Huambo Provinces arrived in Malanje. In addition, 133 IDPs from Mussende, Kuanza Sul Province, arrived in Cangandala.
Partners remain concerned about continuing outbreaks of measles in Quessua village, where a total of 70 cases and three related deaths have been reported. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), seasonal rains and poorly functioning cold chains are hampering immunisation activities.
Approximately 50 percent of the displaced population has not received inputs for the current agricultural campaign. The Provincial Governor has agreed to purchase bean and peanut seeds to support the campaign. In addition, OIKOS is working with WFP to acquire cassava cuttings to support more than 11,000 IDPs and residents in Cangandala Municipality, Quissol, Kwije and Malanje town.
Moxico Province: During the last two weeks of November, more than 2,300 IDPs from Moxico, Bié, Lunda Sul and Malanje Provinces arrived in Luena. Reports indicate that many of the new arrivals were transported by the FAA from the Municipalities of Luchazes, Lumbala Nguimbo and Alto Zambeze. More than 540 persons returned to Luena from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and 11 from Namibia.
Partners have expressed concern regarding limited supplies of shelter materials and essential non-food items for the new arrivals. In addition, access to potable water remains limited. According to Sphere standards, one water point should serve no more than 250 people. At Kautépue, Luchazes and Chizulie camps, one water point is shared by thousands of IDPs. More than 12,000 IDPs at Enama and Camuzanguissa camps do not have access to any water pumps. To address the problem, LWF is constructing water pumps at Kautépue, Bundas, Canhenque, Luchazes and Muachimbo camps.
Mine Action Group (MAG) and Norwegian People's Aid (NPA) continued mine clearance and demarcation activities near IDP camps in Luena. In recent weeks, IDPs, including children, have identified mines and UXOs in the areas of Camuzanguissa and Sacassange camps and Alto Luena bairro, on the road to Kautépue camp. All identified mines and UXOs were removed and destroyed by the two mine action organisations.
Namibe Province: During the second half of November, 2,786 IDPs in Camacuio and Sayona benefited from food distributions, including 600 families involved in food-for-work projects.
Bengo Province: On 22 November, armed groups attacked an unconfirmed number of civilians on the road between Caxito and Ambriz. As a result of the incident, five persons were killed and two injured. In addition, two children were abducted. On 25 November, armed groups attacked Libongos. An unconfirmed number of children were abducted and food stolen. On 26 November, armed groups attacked Tabi. No further details are available.
Benguela Province: On 17 November, armed groups attacked the village of Cuio, approximately ten km southeast of Dombe Grande. One woman was killed, cattle were stolen and commodities looted as a result of the attack. On 22 November, armed groups attacked Libata bairro, three km from Balombo. No casualties were reported, although 47 houses were looted. On 28 November, armed groups attacked a residential bairro near Dombe Grande. The next day, a village 20 km south of Benguela on the road to Dombe Grande was attacked. On 30 November, armed groups attacked Chipupa, 30 km south of Benguela on the road to Dombe Grande. Reports indicate that many people were killed and wounded, although no further information is currently available.
Bié Province: On 16 November, an armed group attacked an area near Chipeta commune. The next day, another attack was carried out 18 km south of Camacupa. The same day, four persons were killed and six wounded when a FAA truck activated an anti-tank mine on the road between Camacupa and Kuanza.
Huambo Province: On 27 November, one man was killed as a result of an anti-tank mine explosion that occurred approximately 50 meters from the resettlement area in Ukuma.
Huíla Province: On 19 November, an armed group attacked an area 18 km east of Jamba district. Attackers looted houses, but no injuries were reported. On 21 November, a civilian truck was attacked seven km from Cacula while en route to Caluquembe. One child was killed and four civilians were injured. On the same day, a truck was attacked three km from Vila Brance, between Ngola and Caluquembe. Two persons were killed and the goods from the truck were stolen. On 30 November, a commercial convoy was ambushed north of Lucira. No further information is available.
Kuanza Norte Province: On 28 November, an NGO vehicle detonated an anti-personnel mine on the road between Luanda and N'dalatando, approximately 23 km from N'dalatando. The vehicle was damaged as a result of the incident. No injuries were reported.
Lunda Sul Province: On 20 November, a civilian car was ambushed near Caxiaxia, 96 km from Saurimo. One person was killed and another injured. On 22 November, another civilian car was ambushed near Caiaza, approximately 72 km from Saurimo. Two persons were killed as a result of the incident. The next day, a landmine explosion near Shamiquelengue, approximately 20 km west of Cacolo, killed 11 persons, injured one and destroyed a civilian vehicle.
Moxico Province: On 19 November, one woman was injured as a result of an anti-personnel mine in Camanongue. On 22 November, armed groups attacked a location approximately 30 km from Luau, killing three women. The next day, one child was killed and three injured as a result of a UXO incident in Leua. On 24 November, an anti-personnel mine incident was reported in Lumbala Nguimbo, killing one person. The next day, another mine incident was reported in Luau, killing one woman. On 26 November, armed groups attacked Amiga, located seven km from Cazombo. The incident resulted in five deaths and two injuries.
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