Angola

Humanitarian situation in Angola - reporting period: 01-15 Jan 2003

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Critical Issues
  • Lack of seeds and tools may increase food insecurity among 30,000 persons in Chicomba Municipality in Huíla Province.

  • Insufficient rainfall may increase food security for Cazengo and Kambambe Municipalities in Kuanza Norte Province.

  • Access constraints affect returning populations in Pambangala, Cassongue Municipality, in Kuanza Sul Province.

  • Survival non-food items and health assistance are urgently required for populations sheltered in the Menongue transit centre in Kuando Kubango Province.

  • The road Malanje - Caculama remains closed for humanitarian operations in Malanje Province.

  • More than 600 persons from the Calala gathering area remain sheltered in inadequate conditions in Cazombo in Moxico Province.
Provincial Update

Bengo Province: Provincial authorities began distributing resettlement kits to approximately 980 demobilised soldiers and their families.

During an assessment mission to Catete, municipal authorities reported that 22 locations are inaccessible and some populations lack adequate water and minimal health services. Mined areas were reported in Bom Jesus, Casoneca and near Maria Teresa.

Benguela Province: The bridge over the Cavaco River has been repaired and access between Lobito and Benguela re-established. The repair will facilitate access to vulnerable populations returning to areas in the southern part of the province.

The transportation of demobilised soldiers and their families has resumed. According to local authorities, 4,359 demobilised soldiers and 26,220 family members have been transported from the Malongo, Passe, Chimboa and Chingongo gathering areas (GA) to their areas of origin since October.

Huíla Province: Partners remain concerned about the food security of 30,000 persons in Chicomba Municipality due to lack of seeds and tools for the current agricultural campaign. Returnees scattered throughout the municipality may return to the municipal seat if they do not receive assistance or are unable to become food self-sufficient by June 2003.

A mine action coordination meeting took place on 9 January with Government authorities, UN Agencies and NGOs. The Government presented a list of priorities for clearance of contaminated areas in the locations of Matala, Kuvango, Jamba, Quipungo, Caconda, Cacula and Humpata. Participants discussed priorities, division of responsibilities and funding requirements.

Kuando Kubango Province: Partners report that 378 persons arrived in Kuito Kuanavale from Malenge and Bombi. The new arrivals will be registered and provided with food assistance.

More than 570 persons unexpectedly arrived in the Kuito Kuanavale transit centre from the Capembe gathering area near Mavinga. One hundred and ninety-two persons are currently staying at the Menongue transit center, including 74 returning refugees from Namibia. Survival non-food items and health assistance are urgently required.

Provincial authorities report that 44,193 persons were provided with birth registration documents in Soba Matias, Capembe and Matungo gathering areas.

On 15 January, OCHA and a group of technical donors travelled to Mavinga. The delegation visited the Matungo GA and held meetings with local authorities and NGOs operating in Mavinga.

Kuanza Norte Province: Return movements have occurred in several locations in the province. Humanitarian partners report that 27,896 persons, the majority of whom spontaneously returned from Cazengo Municipality, have been assisted with emergency food rations in Ambaca, Bolongongo, Quiculungo and Samba Caju Municipalities. Provincial authorities report that more than 4,100 persons have returned from Golungo Alto to their areas of origin in Ngonguembo Municipality. In addition, provincial authorities report that approximately one third of the 800 demobilised soldiers and their families moved from Mussabo GA have returned to locations in Kuanza Norte Province, while the remainder have returned to Bengo, Benguela, Luanda, Kuanza Sul, Malanje and Uíge Provinces.

Partners have expressed concern about delayed and insufficient rainfall and the possible effects of a poor harvest for approximately 3,000 resident and returnee families in Cazengo and Kambambe Municipalities. In addition, approximately 2,600 families in Ambaca, Quiculungo and Bolongongo Municipalities have not received seeds for the current agricultural campaign.

The bridge over the Zenza River on the road that links Ngonguembo Municipality and the provincial capital, Ndalatando has been repaired. Following security and needs assessments, humanitarian partners will be able to reach approximately 4,000 persons who have been without assistance since 1997.

Twenty-five tents were set up in Bairro Cimiterio in Lucala to shelter approximately 320 persons from Mussabo GA, including 112 demobilised soldiers who have not yet received demobilisation documents.

Kuanza Sul Province: A critical humanitarian situation is developing in Pambangala, Cassongue Municipality, following the return of approximately 5,000 families from Waku Kungo. Heavy rainfall and the high level of the Keve River have halted the use of the raft inaugurated in November 2002 to transport food to approximately 32,000 registered returnees. A security assessment on 12 January also indicated that the poor condition of a wooden bridge near the Menga gathering area might limit access to approximately 9,000 people.

Assistance to approximately 4,000 returning families concentrated in Amboiva commune in Seles Muncipality remains suspended following a mine incident in early December.

Humanitarian partners report that the number of registered persons in Catofe GA has decreased from 16,805 to 2,540.

On 9 January, an anti-tank mine was detonated in San Pedro da Kilemba, Cazengo Municipality, killing one person and injuring another.

Lunda Sul Province: Humanitarian partners have opened two health posts in Cacolo and Dala Municipalities and are providing basic health assistance and routine measles vaccinations. Nurses and health promoters are currently being trained to staff the posts.

The road from Cacolo Municipality to Alto Chicapa, as well as two bridges over the Cucumbi and Cuango-Muki Rivers, requires immediate repair to facilitate the delivery of food assistance to more than 2,800 returnees. The bridge over the Mombo River, east of Saurimo, is submerged due to heavy rains, possibly delaying food assistance to more than 4,200 newly registered returned IDPs in Munconda Municipality. Partners remain concerned about the condition of vulnerable populations in locations cut off from assistance.

Provincial authorities have chosen the old IDP camps in Luhemba and Nguari for the reintegration of some demobilised soldiers and their families. Humanitarian partners distributed kitchen kits to 273 families in the Peso Velho gathering area and kitchen kits, blankets, plastic sheeting, jerry cans and soap to 181 families in Tchinegi gathering area. More than 900 persons have been moved from gathering areas to the provinces of Moxico (102 persons), Malanje (518 persons) and Lunda Norte (293 persons).

According to provincial authorities, between November 2002 and January 2003, 216 persons from Calala GA in Moxico Province, Capaia GA in Lunda Norte Province and Tchinegi GA in Lunda Sul Province arrived in Saurimo. Some of the families have remained with relatives in Saurimo and others have returned to Cacolo Municipality.

Malanje Province: The road Malanje - Caculama remains closed for humanitarian operations due to a serious mine incident 7 km from Malanje town in December. Mines also remain a serious constraint for populations returning to Tamba, Cangandala Municipality, where five anti-tank mines in agricultural plots have recently been reported by community members.

Provincial authorities report that 134 IDPs from Luanda were transported to their areas of origin in Cahombo and Marimba and Municipalities. The IDPs from inaccessible Massango Municipality were transported only part-way due to a broken bridge.

Humanitarian partners and local authorities have registered 1,113 returnees in the 12 villages of Lombe commune.

Humanitarian partners and provincial educational authorities are preparing a "Back to School" project aimed at rehabilitating or constructing educational infrastructures in Cacuso, Cangandala, Caculama, Calandula, Malanje and Quela Municipalities.

One hundred and twenty persons from the Ngangassol gathering area are temporarily sheltered at the Katepa transit centre, awaiting transport to their areas of origin in Malanje Province. Provincial authorities plan to transport 5,383 demobilised soldiers and family members from Ngangassol, Damba and Ngumbi GAs to several provinces, including more than 2,200 families to Bié and Huambo Provinces.

Moxico Province: Approximately 600 demobilised soldiers from the Calala GA have been living in inadequate conditions in abandoned buildings in Cazombo since the beginning of December. Partners report that 1,966 demobilised soldiers were transported from Calala to Mutemba neighbourhood, seven km from Luau and that no non-food items or resettlement kits were provided.

Partners have closed the mobile supplementary feeding centre in Lucusse QA because of access constraints. At the end of December, 32 malnourished children and eight adults were being treated. The therapeutic and supplementary feeding centres in Luena were transferred to the provincial health authorities. Partners will continue to monitor the nutritional situation in Luena.

Partners with agricultural projects and provincial agricultural authorities met on 15 January to discuss the preservation of local agricultural products, genetically modified seeds, priority areas for the distribution of horticultural seeds and the reactivation of the agricultural sub-group. Partners continue distributing agricultural inputs and conducting seed multiplication activities in several municipalities. Cassava cuttings were distributed to 3,322 families in Muachimbo IDP camp, Lucusse GA and Sachifunga resettlement area. Four thousand axes and files were distributed in Moxico Municipality and 11,500 beneficiaries received food for seed protection in Camanongue Municipality.

Humanitarian partners report that 1,174 returning refugees from Zambia arrived in Lumbala Nguimbo Municipality during December. Many of the returnees continue living in an abandoned school building in the municipal seat. Five hand pumps have been constructed and seven hectares of agricultural land have been cleared.

The roads Luena - Lucusse, Luena - Cangumbe, Lumege Cameia - Mucussueji and Mucussueji Cazombo are impassible due to poor road conditions. It has also become impossible to pass the Lumege River.

OCHA Angola
Av. Comandante Valódia 206 - 5 Andar Luanda Angola
Tel. (244 2) 444 321 Fax. (244 2) 442 710

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.