Humanitarian Action for Children - Angola (September 2019)
The humanitarian situation in Angola continues to deteriorate, and is disproportionately affecting women and children. Erratic rainfall throughout south Angola has worsened drought conditions, affecting 2.3 million people, including over 491,000 children under 5 years. GAM prevalence sits at 9.8 percent SAM is at 5.6 percent according to VAC results. Between 70 and 80 per cent of the population in Huíla and Cunene are facing food insecurity and have their nutrition status compromised. The movement of people in search of water for human and animal consumption has led to more than 192,000 children at risk of missing out on education and engaging in child labour. Cases of domestic violence and abuse are reportedly on the rise, highlighting an increase in gender-based violence in the context of worsening conditions and the rise in negative coping mechanisms. The population is also beset by health emergencies, including measles, scabies and polio. Cases of circulating vaccine-derived polio virus type 2 have been confirmed in Lunda Norte; and nearly 1.2 million people require polio vaccination in 25 municipalities. In addition, Angola is hosting over 20,000 refugees in the Lóvua settlement and nearly 3,500 refugees in the urban areas of Dundo in Lunda Norte.
Total people in need: 2.3 million
Total children (<18) in need: 1.2 million
Total people to be reached: 571,534
Total children to be reached: 437,022
2019 programme targets
- 380,494 children under 5 years screened for malnutrition
- 68,912 children aged 6 to 59 months with severe acute malnutrition admitted into therapeutic treatment programmes
- 96,000 caregivers of children aged 0 to 59 months accessing counselling on early detection of malnutrition signs, infant and young child feeding and preventative health and hygiene practices
- 161,600 people accessing the agreed quantity of water for drinking, cooking and personal hygiene
- 141,600 people accessing appropriate sanitation facilities
- 800 women and children under 5 years accessing essential maternal and child health services
- 30,000 children aged 6 months and 14 years vaccinated against measles
- 500 children aged 0 to 59 months with acute watery diarrhoea received treatment
- 650 women and children reached with gender-based violence prevention and response interventions
- 150 unaccompanied and separated children identified and receiving protection services, including family tracing and reunification and placement in alternative care arrangements
- 25,000 children have access to formal or non-formal primary education
- 450 children under 5 years have access to community-based early childhood development models
Communication for Development
- 691,040 people reached with key lifesaving and behaviour change messages on health, nutrition, WASH and child protection through face-to-face approaches
In collaboration with government line ministries, civil protection departments and national and international non-governmental organizations, UNICEF is providing life-saving and protective humanitarian assistance in Angola, through a timely and effective integrated package of nutrition, health, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), child protection and education services. UNICEF is supporting the government's humanitarian response through the provision of essential drugs and vaccines, as well as nutrition, WASH and communication for development supplies. At the national and sub-national levels, UNICEF is building on its strategic presence by supporting assessment, response and monitoring of humanitarian interventions, while strengthening humanitarian coordination and government services. UNICEF is leading measles and polio vaccination campaigns, including related communication for development and social mobilization activities.
In drought-affected areas, UNICEF is creating child-centred sites. The humanitarian strategy emphasizes the targeting of vulnerable communities in programme implementation and through geographic and programmatic convergence to deliver equitable and integrated WASH, education, health and nutrition services for children and families most impacted by drought. UNICEF interventions focus on schools, hospitals and health centres, including in the provision of safe drinking water, to promotes complementarity and foster synergies between government and partner services, maximize the use of resources and achieve greater results for children.
Results from 2019
As of 31 August 2019, UNICEF had US$6.4 million available against the US$14.2 million appeal (45 per cent funded). Due to the limited availability of timely emergency funding, UNICEF used core resources to ensure the continuity of the response and implement critical interventions. However, delayed funding still undermined the response, particularly given the deterioration of the drought situation, and led to underachievement against programme targets. In 2019, UNICEF established and strengthened its field presence in Huíla, Cunene and Bié provinces to support ongoing emergency programme implementation.
UNICEF also supported the provincial ministries of health and education, World Vision and the Adventist Development and Relief Agency to train over 500 community health agents, including more than 300 community health agents in Huíla, 175 health agents in Cunene and 18 nutrition supervisors in nutrition-in-emergencies in Cunene.
UNICEF led the vaccine management and social mobilization components of the polio vaccination campaign in four provinces, focusing on supply, procurement and social mobilization (communication for development). UNICEF also supported interagency coordination as chair of the United Nations Disaster Management Team, including the coordination and leadership of humanitarian programme implementation supported by the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF).