Humanitarian Action for Children 2018 - Angola (Revised August 2018)
Several provinces in Angola are experiencing a nutrition crisis stemming from the combined impacts of an economic downturn, higher basic commodities prices, irregular rainfall, deteriorating quality and reach of basic services which are all contributing to an increased risk of severe acute malnutrition (SAM). By June 2018, the number of SAM children admitted for treatment in Huila, Cunene, Bie and Namibe provinces had surpassed the total number of admissions in 2017. Cholera remains a concern with three provinces having reported cholera outbreaks in 2018. The upcoming rainy season increases the risk of further disease outbreaks while confirmed Ebola cases in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) necessitates the implementation of key preparedness activities. Access to safe water remains limited with over 700,000 people in need of clean drinking water, especially in the south. Following the influx of over 35,000 Congolese refugees registered in Lunda Norte, and with a new focus on integrated programming for refugee and host communities, access to basic services for host communities and refugees remains limited, increasing the risk of disease outbreaks. The anticipated numbers of refugees from the DRC has not yet materialized resulting in the decrease in targets related to child protection and education.
UNICEF continues to work with the Government for emergency response including with line ministries, civil protection departments, national and international NGOs. UNICEF focuses on system strengthening and investment in sub-national capacities to build resilience, increase access to quality basic services, and promote a transition from relief to development programming. Under the leadership of the Ministry of Health and provincial health directorates, the cholera outbreak response is supported by UNICEF, World Health Organization (WHO) and other partners. UNICEF continues to monitor nutrition and public health emergencies, especially measles and cholera while supporting with WHO local authorities to comply with treatment protocols, health norms, biosafety measures and stock management in hospitals and treatment centres. UNICEF continues to support the Government by providing essential drugs and vaccines, as well as nutrition, WASH and communication supplies. Within the agreed cooperation framework with the Government of Lunda Norte and in close collaboration with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), World Food Programme (WFP) and other partners, UNICEF delivers WASH, Nutrition and Health and Hygiene Promotion services to both refugees and host communities. In addition, UNICEF supports the local government to improve services delivery and resilience building.
Results from 2018
As of June 2018, UNICEF had US$2.9 million available against its US$13.1 million revised appeal. In the first six months of the year, due to lack of funding, only 42,587 children under the age of 5 years were screened for malnutrition and 9,843 children were admitted for SAM treatment in UNICEF-supported treatment centers in Southern provinces. 158,500 people in humanitarian situations gained access to safe water. The cholera outbreak at the beginning of the year and the relocation of the Congolese refugee population to the Lovua settlement has led to an increase in the number of people reached with safe water and therefore the increase in the numbers targeted. 80,178 people had access to appropriate sanitation facilities. Hygiene promotion messages reached 287,433 people. 1,250 mobilizers were trained on cholera prevention in Uige and Luanda’s cholera affected communities through door-to-door visits, reaching over 185,000 people. 839 children in floodaffected communities accessed education services supported by UNICEF. Under-funding in most sectors has constrained UNICEF's response, particularly for children reached with education and child protection services. New child protection indicators with a focus on gender-based violence and children reunification have been added to align with sectoral priorities and plans.