Angola + 18 more

Food Supply Situation and Crop Prospects in Sub-Saharan Africa No. 1/2002

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INTRODUCTION
This is the first issue in 2002 of this quarterly report prepared by the FAO Global Information and Early Warning System (GIEWS) on the food supply situation, cereal import and food aid requirements for all countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The report is designed to provide the latest analysis and information on the food situation in these countries to governments, international organizations and other institutions engaged in humanitarian operations.

Part I focuses on the extremely tight food supply situation in most countries of southern Africa, particularly in Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe as well as Lesotho, Namibia, Swaziland and southern provinces of Mozambique, due to a sharp decline in the 2001 maize production, the main staple in the sub-region. It highlights the continuing need for assistance in most pastoral areas of the Horn of Africa despite the overall improved food situation in the sub-region, as well as the precarious food situation in parts of the Great Lakes region, particularly in the Democratic Republic of Congo, mainly due to civil strife. The report also draws attention to the continuing need for food assistance in Angola, Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone due to population displacements, refugees and insecurity.

Part II contains an assessment of crop prospects and the food supply situation by sub-region, giving the latest estimates of cereal import and food aid requirements of all four sub-regions of sub-Saharan Africa.

Part III presents the latest analysis and information on crop prospects and the food supply situation and outlook in each country. The information on food aid pledges, triangular transactions and local purchases, and on expected arrivals, is based on data transmitted to GIEWS as of late March 2002 by the following donors: Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, Denmark, EC, Germany, France, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States as well as the World Food Programme.

MAP OF COUNTRIES FACING EXCEPTIONAL FOOD EMERGENCIES

COUNTRIES FACING EXCEPTIONAL FOOD EMERGENCIES (Total: 19 countries)

Country Reasons for emergency
Angola Civil strife, population displacement
Burundi Civil strife and insecurity
Congo, Dem.Rep. Civil strife, IDPs and refugees
Eritrea IDPs, returnees and drought
Ethiopia Drought, IDPs
Guinea IDPs and refugees
Kenya Drought
Lesotho Drought in parts
Liberia Civil strife, population displacement
Malawi Drought in parts
Mozambique Drought in parts
Sierra Leone Civil strife, population displacement
Somalia Drought, civil strife
Sudan Civil strife in the south, drought
Swaziland Drought in parts
Tanzania Food deficits in parts, refugees
Uganda Civil strife in parts, IDPs
Zambia Excessive rains, floods
Zimbabwe Drought in parts

Full Report please click here (pdf* format)

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Since conditions can change rapidly, and published information may not always represent the most up-to-date basis for action, enquiries or corrections should be directed to Mr. Abdur Rashid, Chief, Global Information and Early Warning Service (ESCG), FAO, Rome (Fax: 39-06-5705-4495, E-mail: GIEWS1@FAO.ORG).