Demobilisation and Reintegration in Angola No. 9-10

Report
from UN Department of Humanitarian Affairs
Published on 07 Oct 1996
23 Sep. - 7 Oct.1996
The information contained in this report was provided by the United Nations Humanitarian Assistance Coordination Unit in Luanda (UCAH)

On 24 September the first ten underage soldiers were formally demobilised by the Joint Commission at the Quartering Area at Vila Nova. As of 7 October a total of 185 underage soldiers had been transported to their areas of return in the provinces of Huambo, Bie, Benguela and Huila. Further to the decision taken at the 20th session of the TWGDR, humanitarian organisations and Angolan authorities are finalising administrative and operational arrangements for the demobilisation of underage soldiers from the Quartering Areas at Londuimbali and NGove on Tuesday 8 October and from Negage on Wednesday 16 October 1996.

Technical Working Group on Demobilisation and Reintegration-Joint Commission

On 27 September and on October 4, respectively, the TWGDR held its nineteenth and twentieth sessions at the premises of the Joint Commission in Luanda. Among the issues discussed were the lessons learned from the commencement of demobilisation at Vila Nova. During the 20th session, members analysed the implications of decentralising the commencement of demobilisation and concurred on a proposed calendar for the commencement of demobilisation at the remaining Quartering Areas. Also during this session the contents of an official declaration by the TWGDR on the commencement of demobilisation were approved by participants. This declaration was sent to the various QAS as well as agencies involved in demobilisation on Monday, 7 October.

QUARTERING

Registration

As of 7 October a total of 63,595 UNITA troops were registered at the 15 QAs. During the reporting period, the registration of soldiers continued at the QA in Muxinda while the registration of military war disabled at Biongue is scheduled to begin on Monday 14 October. The conclusion of registration at the QA at NTuco in northern Angola, remains on stand-by pending the arrival of some 300 UNITA soldiers from Cabinda. As of the same date, some 10,290 had been selected for incorporation into FAA whilst some 12,915 where -absent- from the QAs.

Civic Training Programme (CTP)

Between 21 September and October 5, three seminars were held for military war disabled at FMU special centres in Jamba, Mavinga and Cangola in the provinces of Kuando Kubango and Uige respectively. On 23-28 September the second phase of the Civic Training Programme was initiated at the QAs at Andulo and Chitembo. Personnel of the CTP have also participated in the preparedness missions in anticipation of the commencement of demobilisation for underage soldiers at Vila Nova, Londuimbali and NGove Quartering Areas.

Health activities

During the last days of September, the NGO Nuova Frontera reported evidence of a meningitis epidemic at the Quartering Area at Caiundo in the province of Kuando Kubango. The epidemic was brought under control with the support of the joint WHO-UCAH-WFP-UNICEF rapid intervention team who vaccinated over 7,200 persons in the Quartering and Family Areas. On the other hand, an epidemiological study is being conducted in the province of Huila following reports by the Irish NGO GOAL of cases of meningitis in the region. Huila is one of the main provinces of return for demobilised underage soldiers at the Quartering Areas at Vila Nova and NGove. Also during the reporting period, logistic constraints led to the temporary lack of medicine supplies at the QA at Likwa.

Military War Disabled

The registration and medical evaluation of FMU MWD will start at the special centre for war disabled in Biongue on 14 October. Joint medical teams comprised by international and FMU doctors will carry out medical evaluations for FMU disabled soldiers at special centres. The soldiers working as -helpers- of the military war disabled at special centres will be duly registered and demobilised at the same time as the MWD.

DEMOBILISATION

Underage Soldiers

On Tuesday, September 24, the official opening ceremony and the distribution of the demobilisation card and certificate took place, while the de facto return movement commenced on September 25. The first areas of return included, Bailundo, Mungo, Bela Vista, Londuimbali, Ekunha-Caala, Ukuma-Tchindjenje, and Longonjo in the province of Huambo. Underage soldiers returning to localities in neighboring provinces of Benguela and Juila were first taken to the transit center in Huambo where they will await final transportation to their home provinces. On the other hand, FAA has provided MINARS with data on an additional group of 181 underage soldiers thus enabling the Ministry to commence family tracing and demobilisation for this group. This brings the total number of FAA underage soldiers to 367. Unites Nations Agencies and non-governmental organisations involved in the process are currently analysing in close collaboration with Government authorities, the issue of last minute changes of destinations by underage soldiers. Local UNITA commanders claim that they advise underage soldiers on final destinations due to lack of security at the areas of resettlement previously chosen by the underage.

REINTEGRATION

Update on Seminar on Reintegration Initiatives

The NGOs who participated during the intensive working sessions in Lubango, are finalising project profiles for quick impact interventions in support of the reintegration of demobilised soldiers. The consolidated package is scheduled to be presented to the donor community in Angola on October 25, 1996.

SeCoR

Preparations are underway for the third seminar for SeCoR social promoters scheduled for 8 to 11 October in Uige (Uige province) with the participation of UCAH, the NGO Technical Committee, SeCoR, IRSEM and UNAVEM. The seminar aims at providing the promoters with information on the material designed to disseminate information on the demobilisation and reintegration process at community level.

NATIONAL RECONCILIATION

Southern African Presidents meet in Angola

On 2 October, Presidents of countries in the southern African region met in Luanda to hold a summit of the members of the Southern African Development Community (SADC). Among the issues discussed by the heads of state was the status of the peace process, in particular steps taken by both parties to ensure the timely implementation of the Lusaka Protocol. While they expressed disappointment at the absence of the UNITA leader, participants noted the progress made so far to install lasting peace in Angola.

Humanitarian Assistance Coordination Unit (UCAH) - Luanda
Mr. Romero Lopez da Silva
Tel.: (244 2) 341.882 - 348.824
Fax: (1 212) 963.3011 ext. 341

Complex Emergencies Division (CED) - New York
Mr. Steve Gleason
Tel.: (1 212) 963.5406
Fax: (1 212) 963.3630
E-Mail: dhagvaatdha.unicc.org

Inter-Agency Support Branch (IASB) - Geneva
Ms. Deborah Saidy-Mr. Chris Kaye
Tel.: (41 22) 788.6384-788.6385
Fax: (41 22) 788.6386
E-Mail: Deborah.Saidyatdha.unicc.org

Press to contact (DHA-Geneva)
Ms. Madeleine Moulin-Acevedo
Tel.: (41 22) 917.2856
Fax: (41 22) 917.0023
Telex: 414242 DHA CH
E-Mail: dhagvaatdha.unicc.org