Climate risk profile: Angola - Fact Sheet

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Since the end of a 27-year civil war in 2002, Angola has been rebuilding infrastructure and administrative capacity, as well as addressing development challenges such as high poverty rates (40.5 percent). Several lasting impacts of the war, however, have increased Angola’s vulnerability to climate change. Food insecurity increased as many people abandoned farming and moved to cities during the war, which shifted the country from a food secure, primarily agrarian economy to a net food importer (some estimates put the country’s food imports as high as 90 percent). This migration to urban areas has concentrated the population and infrastructure on coastlines, which are vulnerable to sea level rise, erosion, and storm surges. High dependence on oil exports (80 percent of state revenue) leaves public spending vulnerable to oil-sector performance; following a drop in oil prices in 2016, the Angolan government cut spending by 50 percent. As most weather stations were destroyed in the war, historical climate information and studies on potential climate variability in Angola are severely limited. However, recent cycles of droughts and floods in the southern provinces (which caused an estimated $242.5 million in agricultural losses) provides some insight into the country’s vulnerability to future climate shocks and stressors. (7, 5, 27)