Late seasonal rains expected to improve the food security situation in Cunene Province
- Rainfall has been average across most of the country, with localized dryness in parts of the southwestern region. In the more productive areas rainfall was normal-to-above normal. Officially, the rainy season ended on the 15th of May. This year a normal cropping season is expected.
- Dryness in Kwanza-Sul is improving with ongoing rainfall, but the distribution continues to be irregular. River levels remain low and this could have a negative impact on the nacas season. Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes are expected to continue through September.
- Late rainfall in Cunene has allowed more than half of the area planted for sorghum and millet to survive, increasing harvest prospects. Improved moisture availability should make it possible to plant for the upcoming nacas season. With upcoming harvest, improved livestock conditions, and access to the nacas season, acute food insecurity is expected to improve in the coming months and will be Minimal (IPC Phase 1) from July-September.
Projected Outlook Through September 2014
- In general the 2013/14 cropping season was good. Most part of the country received around average rainfall and the more productive areas in the in the center and eastern parts of the country received normal to above-normal rains. Production levels this year are expected to better than the 2012/13 production that was affected by drought. Dryness was reported this season in parts of Cunene and Namibe Province.
Areas of Concern: Southern Livestock, Millet, Sorghum Livelihood zone (parts of Cunene and Namibe Provinces) and Coastal Fishing Horticulture and Non-Farm Income Zone (parts of Benguela and Kwanza-Sul)
In Namibe, poor households in those areas that received below average rainfall this season reported that around 75-90 percent of their planted crops failed. There are still problems with water sources for irrigation, which is limiting the success rate of the pilot irrigation program being implemented by the Ministry of Agriculture (MINAGRI). Additionally, due to absence of pastures and drinking water for cattle, most pastoralists are postponing their return to their homesteads, preferring instead to stay in the transhumance areas. This is situation is exceeding the carrying capacity of these areas and making them dangerously overgrazed. Additionally, prospects for planting for the upcoming nacas season are low due to the lack of moisture. Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes are expected to persist in these areas for the remainder of the outlook period.
The cropping situation has improved in Cunene due to late season rains. Approximately 50 percent of the crops planted received enough rain to be harvested. Improved moisture availability should make it possible to plant for the upcoming nacas season. With upcoming harvest, improved livestock conditions, and access to the nacas season, acute food insecurity is expected to improve in the coming months and will be Minimal (IPC Phase 1) from July-September.
Poor households around the cities of Porto Amboim and Sumbe normally depend on the 2nd/nacas agricultural season for the provision of cereals and horticultural produce to smooth consumption. Given that rainfall was not very satisfactory in terms of magnitude and distribution in the months of March, April and May, it is expected that these households will face Stressed (IPC Phase 2) acute food insecurity outcomes for the remainder of the outlook period.
About Remote Monitoring
In remote monitoring, a coordinator typically works from a nearby regional office. Relying on partners for data, the coordinator uses scenario development to conduct analysis and produce monthly reports. As less data may be available, remote monitoring reports may have less detail than those from countries with FEWS NET offices.