Angola: Rapid Assessment Mission in southern Cuando-Cubango Province

from UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Published on 22 Mar 2001

(21-24 February 2001)

  • To outline the observations made during the rapid assessment mission conducted in southern Cuando-Cubango province from 21 to 24 February.
  • To provide recommendations for further action

Organisation and methodology

The following UN agencies and institutions participated in the mission: OCHA, WFP, UNICEF, WHO, UN Security Unit and ECHO. The Government was represented by the Deputy Director of UTCAH and a senior representative of the Ministry of Territorial Administration (MAT). The following Government representatives joined the mission in Rundu: the Vice-Governor for Economy and Production of Cuando-Cubango province, the UTCAH provincial representative, the Municipal Administrator of Calai, the members of task force set up by MINARS in Rundu, the second secretary and the third secretary of the General Consulate of Angola in Rundu.

The mission visited five locations situated along the border with Namibia: Katuitui, Cuangar, Calai, Dirico and Mucusso (see map in annex 1).

The mission moved along the border on Namibian roads, using Rundu as the starting point for each visit. Cuangar, Calai, Dirico and Mucusso were reached passing Cubango River and the border on pirogues. Katuitui was reached by road, as it is located on the right margin of Cubango River near the border post between the two countries.

The Provincial Government of Cuando-Cubango, having a logistics team in Rundu, assumed the logistics of the mission with the support of the Angolan Consulate.

Prior to the field visits, a meeting was held on the first day at the Angolan Consulate in Rundu. During the meeting, the Vice-Governor for Economy and Production, Mr. Daniel Vapor and the Military Commander of the Southern Region, General Furtado briefed the mission on the overall situation in the region.

The five locations were visited between 22 and 24 February. In each location, visits began with a collective brief of the mission by the local administration. Then the mission walked through the location observing and interviewing the local population. The team spent an average of two to three hours in each location.

A wrap up meeting was organized on the last day of the mission with the presence of the Provincial Government, the Municipal Administration of Calai and the Angolan Consulate in order to review the humanitarian situation in the region by sector and draw the main recommendations.


Security situation

According to the FAA Commander for the southern region, the politico-military situation in southern Cuando-Cubango Province has evolved positively during the last six months. In northern Namibia, the situation has also improved significantly, with a reduction of the number and frequency of acts of sabotage and other security related accidents.

FAA keeps an advanced command post in Rundu. It is currently downsizing its presence in the region. On the other hand, border police are being deployed in all locations along the border.

According to the military, the security perimeter extends 80 to 120 km from the border of Namibia to the north. In most locations, the population reportedly circulates within a 15 to 25 km perimeter from the municipal towns. According to the authorities, some IDPs may travel 60 km to visit their areas of origin. From interviews with the population, it appears that IDP are not moving as far as the authorities usually state and that they fear the presence of UNITA groups. In Mucusso, the population does not travel beyond 3 to 7 km, allegedly due to the presence of mines around the location.

The road along the Cubango River between the locations of Katuitui, Cuangar, Calai, Dirico and Mucusso has not been used for several years, and is suspected of being mined. No mine verification has been undertaken yet. No concrete plans are in place to verify and clear the road.

Government vehicles use the road Menongue - Caiundo - Savate - Katuitui - Rundu, traveling on the Namibian side of the border between Katuitui and Rundu. However, a truck activated a mine on 12 February at Mulemba between Caiundo and Savate. Three people were killed in the accident. FAA sappers found seven other mines on the road after the accident.

In Calai, a FAA truck supports all transports of the Government. No other vehicles have been seen in any other location.

The Cubango River is currently not passable by vehicles near Caiundo. Vehicles have to stay on the margins. Passengers and cargo cross the river by boat. During the dry season, trucks and, to some extent, other four wheel drive vehicles may pass the river. The same situation applies in Cuangar and Calai.

The Provincial Government confirmed plans to repair the bridge over Cubango River at Caiundo. The rehabilitation of the bridge is a joint effort by the Provincial Governments of Huambo, Bié and Cuando-Cubango. The start of the activities is still pending the transportation of material and equipment to the site. In the meantime, a floating stage (jangada) will be assembled. The Government also has the intention of operating a jangada at the crossing of the river between Savate and Cuangar.

All places visited with the exception of Katuitui have airstrips. None of them is operational. Mucusso airstrip can accommodate the landing of cargo aircrafts, but it is mined and therefore not operational. The municipal administration of Calai plans to rehabilitate the airstrip once the level of Cubango River will allow the passage of equipment from Rundu. The only operational airport in southern Cuando-Cubango province is in Jamba. However, no roads connect the visited region to Jamba.

Population profile

Government authorities report that 24,675 persons live in the southern region of Cuando-Cubango province. According to the figures provided by the local administrations, 18,386 persons are living in the five locations visited by the mission: 6,579 in Katuitui, 639 in Cuangar, 9,333 in Calai, 1,506 in Dirico (including 144 in Xamavera) and 329 in Mucusso (see table 1 in annex two of the report for details on the breakdown of population).

The Government qualifies the totality of the population as displaced, although some of them are residents who fled during the FAA intervention in December 99 and returned some months afterwards. In Katuitui, part of the population has been established for many years. In Mucusso, the population consists of residents with the exception of five newly arrived IDPs. Most of resident population of Cuangar, Calai and Dirico is reported to live in Namibia. A significant number of them are living as refugees in Osire camp.

In Katuitui, Cuangar, Calai and Dirico, the number of persons present during the visits was apparently less than half of the figures provided by the Government. In most locations, the number of shelters did not correspond to population figures provided by the Government (In Dirico, 40 huts were counted for a population of 1,362 persons reportedly living in the municipal centre). Government authorities often argued that the rest of the population was in the forest collecting wild fruits or in Namibia staying with family members or doing casual jobs.

In most locations, the population observed by the mission was overwhelmingly composed of women, children and elderly. In many locations male children over 14 years old and men were absent. That observation contradicted the statistics provided by the local administration.

In most of the locations, the displaced population started to arrive during the first semester of the year 2000. In Katuitui, the displaced population started to settle since November 1999, just after the FAA launched the operation that swept across the southern part of the province. Arrivals of small groups of population have been reported in almost all the locations visited for the months of January and February 2001.

Most of the displaced have been brought by the FAA from various locations in the hinterland (Bondo, Kafuma, Rito, Mavengue, Maué and Luengue) following military incursions or cleaning operations. The local authorities argued that FAA encouraged the populations to leave their villages as a measure to protect them from the consequences of military operations. Population may have been encouraged to move as part of a counter-insurgency strategy.

Interviews revealed that part of the population originate from the Central Highlands (Huambo and Bié Provinces). They have lived in Cuando-Cubango Province for several years, and have recently arrived from the hinterland.

State Administration was replaced in all locations in August 2000. The presence of the State Administration is usually limited to that of an administrator, a technical officer of MINARS, members of the FAA and the Police. The Provincial Governor of Cuando-Cubango province has been present in Rundu on a semi permanent basis.

During his briefing, FAA Commander for the Southern Region informed the mission that the situation of the population living in Jamba is extremely precarious, mainly due to the lack of potable water. He also informed that displaced population are present in Rivungo, a location on the Zambian border that has been deserted by UNITA but is not yet in the hands of FAA. This population is reportedly prevented by the Zambian Army to penetrate into Zambia.

Food security

The food security situation is probably less worrying than in other locations of the country due to the proximity of Namibia and the existence of the river.

The population is coping through various mechanisms, including the collect of wild fruits, some fishing (although this activity is reduced due to the lack of fishing material and the season that is not propitious), some casual labor in Namibia, the sell of firewood, cane-made mats and locally made alcoholic drinks in Namibia, kinship from family members living in Namibia and the food assistance distributed by the Government.

The mission did not encounter any cases of acute malnutrition. Available reports on mortality are not alarming.

The population usually cultivates maize, millet and sorghum. Due to late or insufficient rainfalls, agricultural production will be extremely poor or non-existent. Rains started early February. The Government has not yet distributed any seeds. Some farmers planted small quantities of seeds that were kept from previous harvests, but rainfalls would need to be regular until April to produce results.

According to the local authorities, sufficient land is available around the locations. Little information is available on the allocation process to the displaced population. In Mucusso, however, the presence of mines reportedly limits the availability of land for cultivation.

Cattle were observed in all locations. It appears that some displaced families moved with part of their cattle. However, many of them had to abandon or lost part of their cattle during the displacement. Curdled-milk ("mahini") is an important source of food for the families that own cattle.

No markets exist in any of the locations. In Calai, however, two shops have been observed. They have a limited number of basic items. The volume of transactions is relatively low according to the owners due to the weak purchasing power of the population.

The Government provided food assistance under the first phase PNEAH. The programme has almost reached an end. Quantities were limited and little information was available on criteria used for distribution. It was impossible to verify to what extent food assistance provided by the Government reached the beneficiaries. According to the reports provided by local administrations, the following quantities were distributed in Dirico, Mucusso and Calai (to a theoretical number of 11,168 beneficiaries) between August 2000 and January 2001: 24.3 MTs of rice, 3.9 MTs of maize, 3,657 litres of vegetable oil, 1.6 MTs of beans, 0.7 MTs of salt and 3.5 MTs of sugar. In Katuitui and Cuangar, local administrations could not provide any data on food distribution by the Government (see table 2 in annex two for details). However, they reported that some WFP food meant to the programme of TFD (a national NGO based in Menongue) in Caiundo reached Katuitui.

The Government had planned to distribute seeds and the tools under the first phase of PNEAH. Small quantities of hoes (130 according to the available reports) were distributed. Seeds arrived too late for the current agricultural campaign and have remained in Rundu. The Government is planning the distribution of the vegetable seeds for cultivating the low-lying lands during the dry season.

The current food security situation cannot be characterized as an emergency. However, it remains precarious and requires close monitoring, as the late arrival of rains is expected to have disastrous effects on the harvest.


Most frequent diseases are malaria, acute diarrhoeal infections, acute respiratory infections, conjunctivitis, sexually transmitted diseases, scabies and schistosomiases. There are no reports of epidemics. The mission did not observe any cases of acute malnutrition. Available reports on mortality are not alarming.

Immunization situation is alarming. The only immunization activity took place in December 2000 when a team of the Ministry of Health (PAV) supported by the Namibian Health authorities conducted a vaccination campaign against poliomyelitis and measles. No records are available locally on that activity. No routine or follow-up immunization activity was conducted afterwards.

The prevalence of HIV/AIDS among adults in northern Namibia has reached 25 percent. No data is available on the spread of the epidemic on the Angolan side of the border. Interviews with the local population during the field visits revealed the quasi absence of awareness about the disease. Regular movements of populations across the border and the cohabitation of armed forces with civilian populations essentially composed of women and children set up propitious conditions for the propagation of the disease.

Health services are almost non-existent in all locations. Investments in the health sector since the State Administration has been set up in August 2000 have been insignificant.

Municipal health authorities have not been posted yet. In Cuangar, the Government has appointed a qualified nurse and in Dirico a policeman provides health care to the population on an ad-hoc basis. In other places, health care is provided by health promoters and health assistants who used to work under the UNITA administration. The Government has not yet taken any steps with regard to the recognition and the payment of the salary of these personnel. They require training and inclusion in the payroll of the Government.

In Cuangar, Calai and Dirico, the health facilities erected during the Portuguese colonial period have been destroyed by the war. In Katuitui and Dirico, the Government has provided a tent that may also serve as the accommodation of the health officer. In Calai (Ndamudamu resettlement site) and Mucusso, health technicians operate in facilities built with local material.

Drugs supply is insufficient and irregular. According to the information provided by the local administrations, the last supply of essential drugs was done in November 2000 under phase one of PNEAH. Health facilities usually have a very small quantity of drugs that are insufficient to treat the most common diseases. People who can afford to pay usually go to Namibia to treat the most serious diseases.

The Provincial Government could not provide any concrete information on plans to rehabilitate the health system in the region.

Water and sanitation

In all locations, the population draws water from the rivers. Wells, hand pumps and boreholes are non-existent. Average distance between the locations and the rivers is approximately 500 meters.

The populations use various types of containers to carry water and store it at home: locally made calabashes, tins, buckets and few jerry-cans distributed by the Government. Most families have containers. However, the quality is poor.

In all locations, the population drinks the water without boiling it. Diarrhea among children has been reported.

In most locations, the population defecates in open air in the periphery of the settlements. Some latrines were observed in Mucusso.

Non-food items

Most families possess their own assets. These assets include water containers, blankets, cooking utensils, and some agricultural tools. An undetermined number of families have their own cattle. They also have some ploughs, carts and zinc sheets.

Many families brought assets during the displacement.

In addition, the Government distributed used clothes, blankets and a few jerry-cans under phase one of PNEAH. According to the information provided by the MINARS task force in Rundu, approximately 870 families were covered by NFI distribution. According to the information provided by the local administrations, the following quantities were distributed in Dirico, Mucusso and Calai: 40 bundles of second-hand clothes, 60 jerry-cans and 560 blankets. In Katuitui and Cuangar, the local administrations could not provide any information on quantities of NFI distributed by the Government (see table 2 in annex two for details). Little information was available on criteria used for distribution to families.

A few families are reportedly buying soap from Namibia.

The current situation of non-food items is not critical. However, the quality of the assets owned by the families is poor. In addition, other displaced families are expected to arrive in the near future and may require non-food items. NFI distribution by the Government under phase one of PNEAH has almost reached completion. Therefore, NFI distribution may be envisaged in the mid term.

Resettlement and shelter

Most families can be considered as resettled de facto in the different locations. In Calai, Cuangar and Dirico, the families have settled in the periphery or within the perimeter of the town. Katuitui is a new settlement created to accommodate the population of Bondo commune until the State Administration can be transferred to that location. Most of the population living in Mucusso are residents living in their own houses.

Most families are accommodated in traditional houses. Some of these houses were already existing and were abandoned by the resident population that fled during the military offensive and did not come back. Many families built their houses from locally available material. In Calai, some families used zinc sheet brought from their areas of origin.

The Government distributed approximately 75 collective tents (4 meters by 4 meters) in Dirico, Calai, and Cuangar. Collective tents were also distributed in Katuitui, but no data could be provided by the local administration.

Little contingency exists for providing shelter material to the displaced persons expected during the next months, as phase one of PNEAH is over. The Government said that families living in tents would be encouraged to build traditional houses in order to free the tents for the newly arrived IDPs.

In Calai, 48 families are accommodated in the ruins of the town. Their relocation (see next paragraph) is pending provision of tents by the Government or the availability of grass for the construction of traditional shelters. In Cuangar, approximately 10 families of ex-UNITA soldiers are reportedly crowded in a few tents provided by the Government. An undetermined number of families also live in the ruins of the concrete town. In Dirico, the local administration reported that some families live in the ruins of abandoned concrete houses, but this was not observed by the mission.

Current plans of the Government with regard to resettlement of population in new areas include approximately 2,500 persons:

- Xamavera (Dirico): the assistance to the settlement of 144 persons currently living in the location (60 km to the north-east of Dirico)

- Cuangar: the resettlement of the population (639 persons) living in the municipal town to Caíra, a site located at 60 km form Cuangar on the road to Menongue between Cuangar and Savate.

- Calai: the resettlement of 1700 persons currently living in Calai to Ndamudamu, a site located at 4 km to the east of the town. 478 IDPs from Mavengue, Rito, Maué and Mupupa have already been relocated at Ndamudamu. They live in approximately 47 tents and 55 traditional houses. The Government also envisages the creation of a second settlement at Cafulo (5km to the east of the town) for the population that is still expected to arrive from Rito, Mavengue and Maué.


Education services are non-existent in all locations.

Municipal education authorities have not been posted yet. In some locations, the local administrations identified teachers within the population, but they need training and inclusion in the payroll of the Government.

Education facilities were destroyed during the war. The Government has not begun rehabilitation.

No education material is available.

The only initiative in the sector was observed in Cuangar where a classroom has recently been improvised for 84 children and 56 adults in a dilapidated building. In Mucusso, the authorities have registered 62 children in view of opening a classroom, but they lack material to rehabilitate a building and are waiting for the education authorities to be posted.

The Provincial Government could not provide any information on plans to rehabilitate the educational system and resume educational activities.


Mine fields have been reported in Dirico and Mucusso. In Mucusso, mine fields hamper the circulation of population beyond 7 km from the location. Access to sufficient land for cultivation is also hindered.

Sporadic mine accidents were reported in Cuangar and Mucusso.

In most locations, mine awareness programs are required.

Protection issues

Most of the population has been brought by the FAA from various locations of the hinterland following military incursions or cleaning operations. In Dirico, some women interviewed by the mission said that they had been found by soldiers while they were away from their villages and that they were obliged to follow the army until the border. Some of them lost their children due to the displacement.

In most locations, the population is comprised of children, women and elderly. It appears that many women live separated from their husbands. ANP and/or FAA have an important presence in all locations. Some cases of sexual abuses, attempts of sexual abuse and casual unprotected sexual relations have been reported through interviews with the population.

In Cuangar and Calai, the traditional authorities have reported that the lack of legal documents impairs the ability of the population to move, particularly with regard to travel to Namibia.

The Provincial Government in collaboration with the Angolan Consulate is considering the possibility of issuing temporary ID cards to the population.

In Calai, the local administration, through an agreement with the Namibian authorities, issues laissez-passer to people willing to cross the border to barter in Namibia. The validity of the laissez-passer is for one day and their number is limited to one hundred per day. No information was available on criteria used to issue these documents to the population.

Approximately 1,000 UNITA soldiers are reported to have surrendered to the Government since December 1999. The presence of the families of ex-UNITA soldiers has been reported in Dirico, Mucusso, Katuitui and Cuangar. With the exception of Cuangar, where approximately 10 families of ex-UNITA soldiers have been observed living in a few collective tents, it has not been possible to collect detailed information on the situation of these families. Local administrations usually said they are mixed within the population.

Plans of the Municipal Administration of Cuangar to resettle population from Cuangar to Caíra between Cuangar and Savate may be part of a strategy aimed at protecting the main road to Menongue.

National Emergency Program for Humanitarian Assistance

The Government has set up a task force of MINARS in Rundu in order to manage the provision of assistance under PNEAH. MINARS has also posted a representative in each municipality. The Government uses Rundu as the logistics base for providing assistance to the population located on the Angolan side of the border.

Under phase one of PNEAH, the Government distributed some quantities of food, non-food items and shelter material, drugs and agricultural tools. Although no consolidated report was available on the distribution, quantities reported by the local administrations were relatively small in relation with the expected needs in each location. The information provided by the local administrations during the field visits is summarized in table 2 (annex two).

The mission visited a warehouse rented by the Government in Rundu in order to store the relief items provided by PNEAH that are flown by air from Angola or brought by road from South Africa. Little quantities of food and non-food items were still to be distributed. The mission observed three containers of seeds and tools imported from South Africa, as part of the contribution of phase one of PNEAH. No details were available on the quantities enclosed in the containers due to the absence of waybills.

The Government informed that USD 800,000 have been allocated to the province under phase two of PNEAH, but the funds have not yet been put into effect.


Security situation

In most locations, the information provided by the local authorities was contradictory. Therefore, no conclusion can be made with regard to the existence of sustainable security conditions that would allow the continued presence of humanitarian organizations in the visited locations and the implementation of substantial programs of humanitarian assistance. However, current security conditions allow the implementation of emergency relief interventions and monitoring activities, provided these activities are launched from the Namibian territory and restricted to the perimeters of the locations.

Due to the absence of usable roads on the Angolan side of the border, humanitarian organizations cannot travel along the left margin of the Cubango River. The Government has plans to improve access to the southern region from Menongue through the repair of the bridge at Caiundo and the creation of a jangada between Cuangar and Savate. However, no plans have been made in the short or the medium term in order to verify and rehabilitate the road between Cuangar, Calai, Dirico and Mucusso. It seems that the Provincial Government is prepared to continue using the Namibian territory for a while in order to provide services to the population.

Despite the expansion of FAA control within the province, UNITA may maintain a certain capacity to penetrate the areas controlled by the Government and cross the border. One has also to bear in mind that it may keep some support from members of the population living on the Namibian side of Cubango River.

Humanitarian situation

The population is destitute and suffers from extreme poverty mainly due to displacement and lack of social services from the Government.

Critical needs were identified in the sectors of health and protection:

  • The health situation is alarming, particularly with regard to the immunization, drug supply and HIV/AIDS. The Government also needs to engage consistently in the rehabilitation of the health system of the region.
  • The mission is particularly concerned by the risks of human right violations posed by the cohabitation of armed forces with a civilian population overwhelmingly composed of women and children. Women are exposed to sexual abuses and other aggressions.

In the sectors of food security, non-food items and shelter material, the situation is worrying and needs close follow-up:
  • Although the population has developed various coping mechanisms to get sufficient food resources to subsist, the food security situation remains precarious. Additional displacement will increase competition for scarce resources, and the late arrival of rains are likely to have disastrous effects on the harvest.
  • Although most families were found to have basic NFI, additional displacements may increase the needs for NFI distribution in the region. One has also to bear in mind that, in southern Cuando-Cubango, temperatures may fall below 5ºC at night during the dry season. Therefore, the populations need sufficient quantities of blankets and clothes for the forthcoming cold season.
  • Although the majority of the families are accommodated in traditional houses or in tents, some families are living in the ruins of concrete buildings and need support to build appropriate shelters. Little contingency exists to provide shelter material to families expected to arrive in the coming months.

The prevalence of water-related diseases and the presence of mines near some settlement areas require that interventions be considered in these sectors. Actions also need to be developed in order to provide access to basic education.


The Government and humanitarian agencies need to take a series of measures in order to respond immediately to the most acute needs:

  • Immunization activities need to be implemented immediately. The Regional Health Authorities manifested their willingness to support immunization activities in Angola with training, cold chains and logistics.
  • HIV/AIDS awareness programs also need to be implemented quickly in order to limit the spread of the disease from Northern Namibia. Collaboration with the Namibian authorities may also be sought to that effect.
  • Essential drugs need to be dispatched to provincial authorities for the treatment of the common diseases in all locations. Given the absence of trained nurses in some locations, modalities have also to be defined in order to guarantee the effective use of the drugs.
  • Ways have to be explored to monitor and follow-up the Human Rights situation. Programs need to be developed in order to sensitize the local administrations and the security forces on protection issues. To that effect, members of the local administrations and security forces should be encouraged to participate in the forthcoming protection seminar for Cuando-Cubango province.

The following actions need to be implemented during the next two to three months:
  • An assessment mission should be organized in order to monitor the food security situation after the harvest.
  • The Government needs to distribute seeds and tools and allocate land to the displaced families for cultivating the low-lying land during the dry season.
  • Food assistance for seed protection will be required during the sowing period. Provided that partners are identified, food-for-work activities may be implemented to support the rehabilitation of social infrastructure, roads and seed multiplication projects.
  • Stocks of NFI and shelter materials should be pre-positioned in Rundu in view of the new arrivals of population. Needs in terms of blankets and clothes for the forthcoming cold season need to be assessed.
  • The displaced population living in abandoned building or in overcrowded tents in Calai, Cuangar and Dirico needs to be resettled in adequate conditions.

Other actions may be considered in the longer term:
  • Due to the regular movements of population across the border and the subsequent need of documentation, a support to the Ministry of Justice and the Provincial Government for registering and providing legal proofs of identity to the population could be considered.
  • The Provincial Government and humanitarian organizations should consider ways to initiate basic education activities in all locations.
  • Programs for improving access to clean drinking water, promoting safe faecal disposal and developing hygiene awareness should also be implemented in order to address water, sanitation and other public health issues.
  • Mine awareness activities need to be considered for the locations where the presence of mines has been reported near the settlement areas (Mucusso).

The following actions need to be developed in order to ensure that humanitarian interventions are consistent and sustainable:
  • The Provincial Government should be supported and encouraged to provide effective services to the population, using the different sources of funding at its disposal. In each municipality, the Provincial Government needs to post health and education authorities, as well as register and regularize the employment status of the available human resources.
  • The Provincial Government needs to prepare plans for the rehabilitation and development of the social, health and education services in order to guarantee complementarity between the resources of the Government and the ones of potential partners.
  • The Ministry of Health should finalize procedures that recognize the employment status of health technicians trained under UNITA administration.

The following actions have also to be considered in order to facilitate the implementation of humanitarian interventions
  • The Government and humanitarian organizations should consider the development of partnership with Namibian institutions, including non-governmental organizations for the implementation of humanitarian assistance programs in the southern regions.
  • Implications for humanitarian agencies based in Angola operating from Namibian territory also need to be weighed and considered.

Map of Cuando-Cubango Province

Table 1: Population statistics provided by the local administrations during field visits

Children *
Adolescent and adults
* Age group of children is between 0 and 14 years old

Table 2: Quantities of goods distributed under phase one of PNEAH according to the information provided by the local administrations during field visits
Food Assistance (kilograms)
Non Food Items
Clothes (bundles)








n./a.: information not available

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