Angola: Food Assistance Fact Sheet - April 4, 2019
Starting in August 2016, an outbreak of violence between government forces and members of a local armed group in the Kasaï Region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) forced nearly 36,000 people to seek safety in neighboring Angola’s Lunda Norte Province. As the security situation in Kasaï remains precarious, humanitarian organizations are providing food and protection assistance.
• Since August 2017, Congolese refugees in Angola have relocated gradually from local refugee reception centers and host communities to Lóvua refugee settlement in northern Lunda Norte Province, where they can better access critical humanitarian services, including protection, food and nutrition assistance. Of the 24,000 Congolese refugees receiving food assistance in Angola, approximately 20,000 refugees live in the Lóvua refugee settlement, while nearly 4,000 refugees live among host communities in nearby urban areas—including Dundo town, as of March 2019.
• In total, approximately 37,000 Congolese refugees are registered in Lunda Norte. While the number of new arrivals decreased significantly after August 2017, the refugee population slowly increased in 2018 as a result of births and family reunifications. Due to limited livelihoods and income-generating opportunities, most refugees continue to meet their food needs primarily through emergency food assistance.
• In October 2018, the Government of Angola ordered the expulsion of an estimated 400,000 Congolese nationals back to southern DRC, citing concerns over illegal diamond mining. Despite the expulsion order not targeting refugees, approximately 1,500 refugees in Lunda Norte Province nevertheless were returned to the DRC, according to the UN.
• In May 2017, the Government of Angola requested support to provide food assistance to Congolese refugees sheltering in Lunda Norte. In response, USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (FFP) partnered with the UN World Food Program (WFP) to provide general food distributions of regionally procured food.